10 Perkara Yang Mungkin Anda Tidak Ketahui Mengenai Menara Eiffel

10 Perkara Yang Mungkin Anda Tidak Ketahui Mengenai Menara Eiffel

1. Menara Eiffel pernah berwarna kuning

Di Paris yang bergaya, bahkan Menara Eiffel mesti mengikuti trend gaya. Selama beberapa dekad, "Iron Lady" telah mengubah penampilannya dengan penerapan spektrum warna cat. Ketika dibuka pada tahun 1889, Menara Eiffel memiliki warna coklat kemerahan. Satu dekad kemudian, ia dilapisi cat kuning. Menara ini juga berwarna kuning-coklat dan coklat chestnut sebelum penggunaannya, "Eiffel Tower Brown" yang dicampur khas pada tahun 1968. Setiap tujuh tahun, pelukis mengaplikasikan 60 tan cat ke menara untuk membuatnya tetap awet muda. Menara ini dilukis dalam tiga warna, semakin ringan dengan ketinggian, untuk menambah siluet struktur di atas kanvas langit Paris.

2. Ia dibina untuk meraikan seratus tahun Revolusi Perancis

Penganjur 1889 Exposition Universelle, yang memperingati ulang tahun 100 tahun kejatuhan Bastille dan pelancaran Revolusi Perancis, mengadakan pertandingan terbuka untuk merancang inti spektakuler untuk pameran dunia mereka. Dari 107 cadangan, mereka memilih reka bentuk yang dikemukakan oleh Eiffel bersama dengan arkitek Stephen Sauvestre dan jurutera Maurice Koechlin dan Emile Nouguier.

3. Selama empat dekad, ia adalah struktur tertinggi di dunia

Dengan ketinggian 986 kaki, Menara Eiffel hampir dua kali lipat dari ketinggian struktur tertinggi di dunia sebelumnya - Monumen Washington 555 kaki - ketika dibuka pada tahun 1889. Ia tidak akan dapat dilewati sehingga selesainya Bangunan Chrysler 1.046 kaki di New York pada tahun 1930. Walaupun Menara Eiffel menutup Bangunan Chrysler pada ketinggian dengan penambahan antena pada tahun 1957, ia masih mengekori gedung pencakar langit Gotham yang lain, Empire State Building.

4. Menara Eiffel pernah menjadi papan iklan terbesar di dunia

Ketika senja jatuh di seluruh Paris antara tahun 1925 dan 1936, seperempat juta lampu berwarna yang melekat pada tiga sisi menara menara diterangi untuk mengeja huruf menegak 100 kaki dari syarikat automotif Perancis Citroën. Iklan itu menyala begitu terang sehingga dapat dilihat dari jarak hampir 20 batu, dan Charles Lindbergh menggunakannya sebagai mercusuar ketika dia mendarat di Paris dengan penerbangan solo Atlantik 1927.

5. Gustave Eiffel merancang sebahagian daripada mercu tanda terkenal yang lain

Ketika pereka awal elemen dalaman Patung Liberty mati secara tiba-tiba pada tahun 1879, pemahat Perancis Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi mengupah Eiffel sebagai penggantinya. Sudah terkenal sebagai jurutera struktur dan pereka jambatan keretapi, Eiffel merancang sistem sokongan rangka di mana kulit tembaga patung dilekatkan. (Hari ini, model skala Patung Liberty berdiri di sebuah pulau di Sungai Seine dalam bayangan Menara Eiffel.)

6. Seniman Paris mengemukakan petisyen terhadap struktur "mengerikan"

Walaupun kini menjadi simbol romantik di seluruh dunia, reka bentuk radikal Menara Eiffel mengilhami apa-apa kecuali cinta di hati 300 seniman dan intelektual Paris terkemuka yang menandatangani manifesto berikut yang disiarkan di akhbar Le Temps pada Hari Valentine pada tahun 1887: "Kami, penulis, pelukis, pemahat, arkitek, pencinta keindahan yang penuh minat, hingga kini, di Paris, dengan ini memprotes dengan sekuat tenaga, dengan segala kemarahan kami, atas nama rasa Perancis tidak lagi dikenali, atas nama seni dan sejarah Perancis terancam, menentang pembinaan, di tengah-tengah ibu kota kita, Menara Eiffel yang tidak berguna dan mengerikan. " The screed bahkan mengatakan bahawa "cerobong kilang hitam raksasa" begitu dibenci sehingga "bahkan Amerika yang berfikiran komersial tidak menginginkannya".

7. Radio menyelamatkan Menara Eiffel dari kehancuran

Oleh kerana Eiffel mencapai 80 persen dari kos pembinaan menara, dia diizinkan untuk memiliki struktur tersebut selama 20 tahun untuk mendapatkan kembali pelaburannya sebelum diserahkan ke tangan pemerintah Paris, yang merencanakan untuk membongkarnya untuk besi buruk. Mencari cara untuk membuktikan utiliti strategik struktur dalam usaha menyelamatkannya, Eiffel memasang antena di atas menara dan membiayai percubaan dengan telegraf tanpa wayar yang bermula pada tahun 1898. Nilai menara dalam mengirim dan menerima mesej tanpa wayar, terutama untuk orang Perancis ketenteraan, menyebabkan bandar itu memperbaharui konsesi Eiffel ketika tamat pada tahun 1909. Hari ini, lebih daripada 100 antena di radio pancaran menara dan siaran televisyen di seluruh dunia.

8. Menara Eiffel menyumbang kepada penangkapan Mata Hari

Semasa Perang Dunia I, tentera Perancis menggunakan stesen wayarles menara untuk memintas mesej musuh dari Berlin. Pada tahun 1914, Perancis dapat mengatur serangan balas semasa Pertempuran Marne setelah secara diam-diam mengetahui bahawa Tentera Jerman menghentikan kemaraannya. Tiga tahun kemudian, stesen di atas Menara Eiffel memintas pesan berkod antara Jerman dan Sepanyol yang menawarkan perincian mengenai "Operative H-21." Berdasarkan sebahagian dari pesanan ini, orang Perancis menangkap, mensabitkan dan mengeksekusi mata-mata legenda Mata Hari kerana mengintip bagi pihak Jerman.

9. Menara ini menempatkan makmal saintifik

Eiffel mengukir nama 72 saintis negara itu di galeri tingkat pertama menara, dan di atas strukturnya dia memasang makmal yang digunakan oleh dirinya dan saintis Perancis untuk mempelajari astronomi, meteorologi, aerodinamik dan fisiologi dan eksperimen ujian seperti Pendulum Foucault . Pada tahun 1909 Eiffel memasang terowong angin aerodinamik di dasar menara yang melakukan ribuan ujian, termasuk yang dilakukan di kapal terbang Wright Brothers dan kereta Porsche.

10. Daredevils telah mati kerana mencuba prestasi udara di menara

Dengan menggunakan segala-galanya dari payung terjun hingga tali bungee, petualang selama beberapa dekad telah menggunakan menara ini untuk membuat aksi yang berani. Namun, tidak semua pencari sensasi menentang kematian. Pada tahun 1912, penjahit Perancis Franz Reichelt cuba terbang dari tingkat pertama menara dengan sut payung terjun musim bunga tetapi jatuh sejauh 187 kaki ke tanah. Empat belas tahun kemudian, penerbang Leon Collot terbunuh ketika berusaha menerbangkan pesawatnya di bawah rentang menara ketika ia terjerat di udara dari stesen tanpa wayar dan terhempas dengan bola api.


Mengetahui Bagaimana Anda Tahu / Ketinggian Menara Eiffel

Bolehkah ketinggian Menara Eiffel diketahui? Bagaimana ia dapat ditentukan? Anda mungkin melihat ketinggian dalam rujukan seperti Wikipedia, atau mencari sumber lain dan mencari jawapan berikut:

Orang lain mungkin mengunjungi menara dan mengukur ketinggiannya secara langsung dengan naik ke atas, menjatuhkan tali ke bawah dan mengukur panjang tali. Namun orang lain mungkin menggunakan pelbagai teknik tinjauan yang melibatkan alat transit atau triangulasi atau laser. Teknik menggunakan peranti GPS atau perubahan tekanan barometrik mungkin memberikan pengukuran lain. Lukisan dan rancangan kejuruteraan bersejarah dan terkini dapat dilihat.

Sekiranya pelbagai teknik mengukur ketinggian ini memberikan hasil yang berbeza, bagaimana kita mentafsirkan perbezaan ini dengan sebaik-baiknya? Mungkin ketinggiannya tidak dapat diketahui, atau masalah pendapat atau kepercayaan atau hanya perasaan. Akan tetapi, kemungkinan besar hal itu berlaku Menara Eiffel memang mempunyai ketinggian, ketinggian sebenarnya dapat diketahui hingga batas ketepatan pengukuran kami, dan variasi ketinggian yang dilaporkan mencerminkan kesalahan dalam berbagai teknik yang digunakan untuk setiap pengukuran.

Prinsip keserasian meyakinkan kita bahawa menara itu mempunyai ketinggian dan usaha yang semakin tepat untuk mengukur ketinggian akan berkumpul ke ketinggian sebenar. Prinsip kesatuan adalah asas setiap teori pengetahuan yang koheren. Apabila dua pendekatan yang berbeza untuk mengukur panjang yang sama tiba pada hasil yang berbeda, ada kesempatan untuk belajar tentang teknik pengukuran dengan membandingkan pengukuran dan menyelidiki untuk menyelesaikan perbedaan tersebut. Penyiasat mungkin bertanya: Adakah definisi ketinggian yang sama digunakan dalam setiap kes? Adakah unit pengukuran yang sama digunakan? Adakah alat ukur dikalibrasi dengan tepat? Adakah ketepatan setiap alat pengukuran yang digunakan diketahui? Mungkinkah ketinggiannya bervariasi akibat pengembangan haba kerana suhu berubah sepanjang hari atau kesan dinamik yang lain?

Fakta memberikan kesamaan. Kita semua hidup di planet yang sama di alam semesta yang sama. Realiti memberikan kita standard rujukan sejagat. Pemeriksaan dunia kita dengan teliti seperti sebenarnya adalah boleh membawa kita ke arah kesepakatan tentang apa yang benar mengenai dunia kita. Ini berkongsi pengetahuan tentang bagaimana dunia kita adalah dapat membentuk asas bersama yang besar untuk membincangkan apa boleh jadi malah apa seharusnya menjadi. Realiti adalah landasan bersama kita. Kita dapat maju bersama dengan menuju ke arah realiti.

Sebagai hasil keserasian, epistemologi yang boleh dipercayai - cara mengetahui - menyatukan perkara sebenarnya. Kekurangan penumpuan menimbulkan keraguan terhadap kebolehpercayaan kaedah yang digunakan untuk membuktikan fakta. Mengejar perbezaan tersebut boleh membawa kepada pandangan penting mengenai kebolehpercayaan kaedah kami. Bersetuju untuk tidak setuju mengenai perkara sebenarnya adalah keputusan untuk menerima rasa tidak puas hati dan tidak sesuai.

Menara Eiffel mempunyai ketinggian. Usaha yang teliti untuk menentukan ketinggian itu akan menghasilkan serangkaian perkiraan yang semakin tepat untuk mencapai ketinggian sebenar.

Ketika dua orang tidak setuju mengenai tuntutan fakta, inilah masanya untuk berhenti berdebat dan mula meneliti. Jangan membahaskan perkara yang sebenarnya, sebaliknya selidiki dan teliti dengan lebih mendalam untuk menentukan fakta. Fahami batas toleransi. Jangan bertolak ansur dengan fakta yang disifatkan sebagai pendapat, kepercayaan, perasaan, atau hubungan budaya. Fakta degil, pelajari daripadanya.


10 Perkara Yang Mungkin Anda Tidak Ketahui Mengenai Menara Eiffel

Pada 31 Mac 1889, pekerja memakaikan lebih dari 18,000 kepingan besi terakhir untuk menyelesaikan pembinaan Menara Eiffel. Untuk merasmikan struktur logam yang mengagumkan, Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, pereka menara & # 8217, menaiki tangga 1.710 dan melepaskan bendera tiga warna Perancis dari puncaknya. Ketika Menara Eiffel berusia 125 tahun, terokai 10 fakta mengejutkan mengenai ikon Paris.

1. Menara Eiffel pernah berwarna kuning.


Di Paris yang bergaya, malah Menara Eiffel mesti mengikuti trend gaya. Selama beberapa dekad, & # 8220Iron Lady & # 8221 telah mengubah penampilannya dengan penerapan spektrum warna cat. Ketika dibuka pada tahun 1889, Menara Eiffel memiliki warna coklat kemerahan. Satu dekad kemudian, ia dilapisi cat kuning. Menara ini juga berwarna kuning-coklat dan coklat chestnut sebelum penerapan semasa, yang dicampur khas & # 8220Eiffel Tower Brown & # 8221 pada tahun 1968. Setiap tujuh tahun, pelukis menggunakan 60 tan cat ke menara untuk membuatnya kelihatan awet muda. Menara ini dicat dalam tiga warna, semakin ringan dengan ketinggian, untuk meningkatkan struktur & siluet pada kanvas langit Paris.

2. Ia dibina untuk meraikan seratus tahun Revolusi Perancis.

Penganjur 1889 Exposition Universelle, yang memperingati ulang tahun 100 tahun kejatuhan Bastille dan pelancaran Revolusi Perancis, mengadakan pertandingan terbuka untuk merancang pusat yang menakjubkan untuk pameran dunia mereka. Dari 107 cadangan, mereka memilih reka bentuk yang dikemukakan oleh Eiffel bersama dengan arkitek Stephen Sauvestre dan jurutera Maurice Koechlin dan Emile Nouguier.

3. Selama empat dekad, ia adalah struktur tertinggi di dunia.


Dengan ketinggian 986 kaki, Menara Eiffel hampir dua kali ganda dari ketinggian dunia & # 8217s struktur tertinggi sebelumnya & # 8212Taman Monumen Washington setinggi 555 kaki & # 8212 ketika dibuka pada tahun 1889. Ia tidak akan dapat dilampaui sehingga selesai Bangunan Chrysler seluas 1.046 kaki di New York pada tahun 1930. Walaupun Menara Eiffel menutup Bangunan Chrysler pada ketinggian dengan penambahan antena pada tahun 1957, ia masih mengekori gedung pencakar langit Gotham yang lain, Empire State Building.

4. Menara Eiffel pernah menjadi papan iklan terbesar di dunia.


Ketika senja jatuh di seluruh Paris antara tahun 1925 dan 1936, seperempat juta lampu berwarna terpasang di tiga sisi menara menara diterangi untuk mengeja huruf menegak 100 kaki dari syarikat automotif Perancis Citroën. Iklan itu menyala begitu terang sehingga dapat dilihat dari jarak hampir 20 batu, dan Charles Lindbergh menggunakannya sebagai mercusuar ketika dia mendarat di Paris dengan penerbangan solo Atlantik 1927.

5. Eiffel merancang sebahagian daripada mercu tanda terkenal yang lain.


Ketika pereka awal elemen dalaman Patung Liberty & # 8217 mati secara tiba-tiba pada tahun 1879, pemahat Perancis Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi mengupah Eiffel sebagai penggantinya. Sudah terkenal sebagai jurutera struktur dan pereka jambatan keretapi, Eiffel merancang sistem sokongan rangka di mana kulit tembaga patung dilekatkan. (Hari ini, model skala Patung Liberty berdiri di sebuah pulau di Sungai Seine dalam bayangan Menara Eiffel.)

6. Artis Paris mengemukakan petisyen terhadap struktur & # 8220monstrous & # 8221.


Walaupun kini menjadi simbol romantik di seluruh dunia, reka bentuk radikal Menara Eiffel mengilhami apa-apa kecuali cinta di hati 300 artis dan intelektual Paris yang menandatangani manifesto berikut yang disiarkan di akhbar Le Temps pada Hari Valentine & # 8217 pada tahun 1887: & # 8220Kami, penulis, pelukis, pemahat, arkitek, pencinta keindahan yang penuh minat, hingga kini, di Paris, dengan ini memprotes dengan sekuat tenaga kami, dengan segala kemarahan kami, atas nama rasa Perancis tidak lagi dikenali, atas nama Perancis seni dan sejarah yang terancam, menentang pembinaan, di tengah-tengah ibu kota kita, Menara Eiffel yang tidak berguna dan mengerikan. & # 8221 The screed bahkan mengatakan bahawa & # 8220 cerobong kilang hitam besar & # 8221 begitu benci sehingga & # 8220 Amerika yang berfikiran komersial tidak mahu & # 8221 itu.

7. Radio menyelamatkan Menara Eiffel dari kehancuran.


Sejak Eiffel mencapai 80 peratus dari kos pembinaan menara, dia diizinkan untuk memiliki struktur selama 20 tahun untuk mendapatkan kembali pelaburannya sebelum ia diserahkan ke tangan pemerintah Paris, yang merancang untuk membongkarnya untuk besi buruk. Mencari cara untuk membuktikan struktur & utiliti strategik dalam usaha menyelamatkannya, Eiffel memasang antena di atas menara dan membiayai percubaan dengan telegraf tanpa wayar yang bermula pada tahun 1898. Nilai menara dalam menghantar dan menerima mesej tanpa wayar, terutama untuk tentera Perancis, menyebabkan bandar itu memperbaharui konsesi Eiffel & # 8217 ketika tamat pada tahun 1909. Hari ini, lebih daripada 100 antena di radio dan televisyen pancaran menara di seluruh dunia.

8. Menara Eiffel menyumbang kepada penangkapan Mata Hari.


Semasa Perang Dunia I, tentera Perancis menggunakan stesen wayarles menara & # 8217 untuk memintas mesej musuh dari Berlin. Pada tahun 1914, Perancis dapat mengatur serangan balas semasa Pertempuran Marne setelah secara diam-diam mengetahui bahawa Tentera Jerman menghentikan kemaraannya. Tiga tahun kemudian, stesen di atas Menara Eiffel memintas mesej berkod antara Jerman dan Sepanyol yang menawarkan perincian mengenai & # 8220Operatif H-21. bagi pihak Jerman.

9. Menara ini menempatkan makmal saintifik.


Eiffel terukir nama 72 saintis negara di galeri tingkat pertama menara & # 8217, dan di atas strukturnya dia memasang makmal yang digunakan oleh dirinya dan saintis Perancis untuk mengkaji astronomi, meteorologi, aerodinamik dan fisiologi dan eksperimen ujian seperti Pendulum Foucault & # 8217s. Pada tahun 1909 Eiffel memasang terowong angin aerodinamik di dasar menara yang melakukan ribuan ujian, termasuk yang dilakukan di kapal terbang Wright Brothers dan kereta Porsche.


12 Perkara Yang Anda Tidak Tahu Mengenai Menara Eiffel

Ada sebabnya mercu tanda terkenal ini identik dengan Paris: Tinggi, bergaya, dan kaya dengan sejarah. Tetapi anda mungkin terkejut apabila mengetahui bahawa beberapa orang Paris tidak begitu berminat dengan monumen ini, kerana mereka menganggapnya menghalangi cakrawala kota (sekarang, kebanyakan akan berpendapat membuat itu!). Berikut adalah fakta menarik mengenai menara ikonik ini:

1. Ia dibina pada tahun 1889 untuk memperingati ulang tahun ke-100 Revolusi Perancis.

Dan merupakan sebahagian daripada Pameran Paris (AKA the World Fair). Lebih daripada 100 artis mengemukakan rekaan, tetapi firma seni bina Eiffel et Compagnie menang.

2. Tetapi pemiliknya (Gustave Eiffel) sebenarnya tidak merancang menara tersebut.

Ia adalah salah seorang jurutera strukturnya, Maurice Koechlin, yang mengemukakan konsep & mdash walaupun dia tidak sering menerima kredit di mana kredit perlu dibayar. (Harus terkunci dalam hak penamaan itu, kawan.)

3. Beberapa ratus pekerja menghabiskan dua tahun untuk memasang menara kisi.

Reka bentuk terakhir memerlukan 18,000 kepingan besi lopak dan 2.5 juta keling yang luar biasa. Diakui, itu terdengar jauh lebih sukar daripada teka-teki menara Eiffel 3-D yang kita miliki sebagai anak-anak.

4. Rancangannya adalah untuk meruntuhkannya setelah 20 tahun.

Quelle horreur! Tapi ya, ia tidak seharusnya kekal. Walau bagaimanapun, pegawai bandar menyimpannya kerana ia adalah stesen radiotelegraf yang berharga. Bukan kerana ia adalah mercu tanda yang indah dan ikonik.

5. Ia memainkan peranan penting dalam Perang Dunia I.

Dengan memintas banyak komunikasi radio musuh. Kemudian semasa Perang Dunia II, hampir dihancurkan ketika Hitler memerintahkannya untuk dihancurkan, tetapi pemangku jeneral itu enggan menurut.

6. Dulunya merupakan bangunan tertinggi di dunia.

Selama 41 tahun, ia menjadi juara setinggi 1.050 kaki, tetapi Bangunan Chrysler di New York City melampaui tahun 1930.

7. Terdapat lebih daripada 40 replika di seluruh dunia.

Termasuk versi separuh skala di Las Vegas, Nevada dan skala penuh di Tokyo, Jepun. Sesuai, yang ada di Paris, Texas mempunyai topi koboi di atasnya.

8. Ia mengecut apabila sejuk di luar.

Kira-kira enam inci! Ia juga mengayunkan angin dua hingga tiga inci.

9. Hampir 250 juta orang mengunjunginya sejak dibuka.

Dan kira-kira tujuh juta setahun, menjadikannya monumen yang paling banyak dikunjungi di dunia. Setiap pengunjung boleh memilih antara mengambil 1.665 langkah ke puncak atau menggunakan lif.

10. Ia mendapat lapisan cat segar setiap tujuh tahun.

Perkara yang tidak mudah: Ia memerlukan 60 tan cat, 1,500 kuas, dan sepasukan 25 pelukis.

11. Terdapat sebuah pangsapuri di tingkat tiga.

Ia pada asalnya dibuat untuk Gustave Eiffel sebagai tempat persendirian untuk berhibur, tetapi sekarang orang ramai dapat melihatnya ketika mereka berkunjung.

12. Diperlukan 20,000 bola lampu untuk menjadikan menara itu berkilau setiap malam.

Dan diperlukan 43 juruteknik untuk menukarnya (woof). Itu menjelaskan mengapa mentol hanya diubah menjadi warna yang berbeza sangat majlis khas.


Menara Eiffel Berbalik 125. Berikut adalah 10 Perkara yang Anda Tidak Tahu mengenainya

Pada 31 Mac 1889, pekerja memakaikan lebih dari 18,000 kepingan besi terakhir untuk menyelesaikan pembinaan Menara Eiffel. Untuk meresmikan struktur logam yang mengagumkan, Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, pereka menara itu, menaiki 1.710 anak tangganya dan mengibarkan bendera tricolor Perancis dari puncaknya. Ketika Menara Eiffel berusia 125 tahun, terokai 10 fakta mengejutkan mengenai ikon Paris.

1. Menara Eiffel pernah berwarna kuning.
Di Paris yang bergaya, malah Menara Eiffel mesti mengikuti trend gaya. Selama beberapa dekad, "Iron Lady" telah mengubah penampilannya dengan penerapan spektrum warna cat. Ketika dibuka pada tahun 1889, Menara Eiffel memiliki warna coklat kemerahan. Satu dekad kemudian, ia dilapisi cat kuning. Menara ini juga berwarna kuning-coklat dan coklat chestnut sebelum penerapan "Eiffel Tower Brown" yang dicampur khas pada tahun 1968. Setiap tujuh tahun, pelukis mengaplikasikan 60 tan cat ke menara untuk membuatnya tetap awet muda. Menara ini dilukis dalam tiga warna, semakin ringan dengan ketinggian, untuk menambah siluet struktur di atas kanvas langit Paris.

2. Ia dibina untuk meraikan seratus tahun Revolusi Perancis.
Penganjur 1889 Exposition Universelle, yang memperingati ulang tahun 100 tahun kejatuhan Bastille dan pelancaran Revolusi Perancis, mengadakan pertandingan terbuka untuk merancang inti spektakuler untuk pameran dunia mereka. Dari 107 cadangan, mereka memilih reka bentuk yang dikemukakan oleh Eiffel bersama dengan arkitek Stephen Sauvestre dan jurutera Maurice Koechlin dan Emile Nouguier.

3. Selama empat dekad, ia adalah struktur tertinggi di dunia.
Dengan ketinggian 986 kaki, Menara Eiffel hampir dua kali lipat dari ketinggian struktur tertinggi di dunia sebelumnya - Monumen Washington 555 kaki - ketika dibuka pada tahun 1889. Ia tidak akan dapat dilewati sehingga selesainya Bangunan Chrysler 1.046 kaki di New York pada tahun 1930. Walaupun Menara Eiffel menutup Bangunan Chrysler pada ketinggian dengan penambahan antena pada tahun 1957, ia masih mengekori gedung pencakar langit Gotham yang lain, Empire State Building.

4. Menara Eiffel pernah menjadi papan iklan terbesar di dunia.
Ketika senja jatuh di seluruh Paris antara tahun 1925 dan 1936, seperempat juta lampu berwarna yang melekat pada tiga sisi menara menara diterangi untuk mengeja huruf menegak 100 kaki dari syarikat automotif Perancis Citroën. Iklan itu menyala begitu terang sehingga dapat dilihat dari jarak hampir 20 batu, dan Charles Lindbergh menggunakannya sebagai mercusuar ketika dia mendarat di Paris dengan penerbangan solo Atlantik 1927.

5. Eiffel merancang sebahagian daripada mercu tanda terkenal yang lain.
Ketika pereka awal elemen dalaman Patung Liberty mati secara tiba-tiba pada tahun 1879, pemahat Perancis Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi mengupah Eiffel sebagai penggantinya. Sudah terkenal sebagai jurutera struktur dan perancang jambatan keretapi, Eiffel merancang sistem sokongan rangka di mana kulit tembaga patung dilekatkan. (Hari ini, model skala Patung Liberty berdiri di sebuah pulau di Sungai Seine dalam bayangan Menara Eiffel.)

6. Seniman Paris mengemukakan petisyen terhadap struktur "mengerikan".
Walaupun kini menjadi simbol romantik di seluruh dunia, reka bentuk radikal Menara Eiffel mengilhami apa-apa tetapi cinta di hati 300 artis dan intelektual Paris yang menandatangani manifesto berikut yang disiarkan di akhbar Le Temps pada Hari Valentine pada tahun 1887: "Kami, penulis, pelukis, pemahat, arkitek, pencinta keindahan yang penuh minat, hingga kini, di Paris, dengan ini memprotes dengan sekuat tenaga, dengan segala kemarahan kami, atas nama rasa Perancis tidak lagi dikenali, atas nama seni dan sejarah Perancis terancam, menentang pembinaan, di tengah-tengah ibu kota kita, Menara Eiffel yang tidak berguna dan mengerikan. " Screed itu bahkan mengatakan bahawa "cerobong kilang hitam raksasa" begitu dibenci sehingga "bahkan Amerika yang berfikiran komersial tidak menginginkannya".

7. Radio menyelamatkan Menara Eiffel dari kehancuran.
Oleh kerana Eiffel menanggung 80 peratus dari kos pembinaan menara, dia diizinkan untuk memiliki struktur selama 20 tahun untuk mendapatkan kembali pelaburannya sebelum diserahkan ke tangan pemerintah Paris, yang merencanakan untuk membongkarnya untuk besi buruk. Mencari cara untuk membuktikan utiliti strategik struktur dalam usaha menyelamatkannya, Eiffel memasang antena di atas menara dan membiayai percubaan dengan telegraf tanpa wayar yang bermula pada tahun 1898. Nilai menara dalam mengirim dan menerima mesej tanpa wayar, terutama untuk orang Perancis ketenteraan, menyebabkan bandar itu memperbaharui konsesi Eiffel ketika tamat pada tahun 1909. Hari ini, lebih daripada 100 antena di radio pancaran menara dan siaran televisyen di seluruh dunia.

8. Menara Eiffel menyumbang kepada penangkapan Mata Hari.
Semasa Perang Dunia I, tentera Perancis menggunakan stesen wayarles menara untuk memintas mesej musuh dari Berlin. Pada tahun 1914, Perancis dapat mengatur serangan balas semasa Pertempuran Marne setelah secara diam-diam mengetahui bahawa Tentera Jerman menghentikan kemaraannya. Tiga tahun kemudian, stesen di atas Menara Eiffel memintas pesan berkod antara Jerman dan Sepanyol yang menawarkan perincian mengenai "Operative H-21." Berdasarkan sebahagian dari mesej ini, orang Perancis menangkap, menghukum dan mengeksekusi Mata Hari kerana mengintip atas nama Jerman.

9. Menara ini menempatkan makmal saintifik.
Eiffel mengukir nama 72 saintis negara itu di galeri tingkat pertama menara, dan di atas strukturnya dia memasang makmal yang digunakan oleh dirinya dan saintis Perancis untuk mempelajari astronomi, meteorologi, aerodinamik dan fisiologi dan eksperimen ujian seperti Pendulum Foucault . Pada tahun 1909 Eiffel memasang terowong angin aerodinamik di dasar menara yang melakukan ribuan ujian, termasuk yang dilakukan di kapal terbang Wright Brothers dan kereta Porsche.

10. Daredevils telah mati kerana mencuba prestasi udara di menara.
Dengan menggunakan segala-galanya dari payung terjun hingga tali bungee, petualang selama beberapa dekad telah menggunakan menara ini untuk membuat aksi yang berani. Namun, tidak semua pencari sensasi menentang kematian. Pada tahun 1912, penjahit Perancis Franz Reichelt cuba terbang dari tingkat pertama menara dengan sut payung terjun musim bunga tetapi jatuh sejauh 187 kaki ke tanah. Empat belas tahun kemudian, aviator Leon Collot terbunuh ketika berusaha menerbangkan pesawatnya di bawah rentang menara ketika ia terjerat di udara dari stesen tanpa wayar dan terhempas dengan bola api.


10 perkara yang anda tidak tahu mengenai Menara Eiffel pada hari ulang tahunnya yang ke-125

Diperlukan banyak primping dan priming untuk kelihatan cantik pada usia 125 tahun. Tanya saja Menara Eiffel, boleh dibilang siluet paling dikenali di dunia, yang menandakan kejayaan 31 Mac.

Ketika Gustave Eiffel membina menara kisi untuk Pameran Dunia pada tahun 1889, bangunan itu seharusnya menjadi bangunan sementara, yang akan diruntuhkan dalam 20 tahun.

Hari ini, mercu tanda Perancis yang ikonik adalah monumen berbayar yang paling banyak dikunjungi di dunia, menarik lebih daripada 7 juta pelawat setahun, 75 peratus daripadanya adalah pelancong asing.

Berikut adalah beberapa fakta dan angka menarik mengenai Iron Lady:

1. Aneh tetapi benar: Dalam upacara komitmen pada tahun 2007, seorang wanita Amerika 'mengahwini' Menara Eiffel. Erika La Tour Eiffel (dia menukar namanya) menderita 'Objectum-Sexual' suatu keadaan di mana orang jatuh cinta dengan benda mati.

2. Penuaan tidak memerlukan sedikit sentuhan kosmetik: setiap tujuh tahun, Iron Lady menjalani pekerjaan cat yang memerlukan hingga 60 tan cat untuk melindunginya dari karat.

3. Menara Eiffel akan menyusut dan tumbuh hingga 15 cm (6 inci) dengan suhu turun naik.

4. Setiap tahun, jarak gabungan yang dilalui oleh lif boleh mencapai kira-kira 103,000 km setahun - atau 2.5 kali lilitan Bumi.

5. Tahukah anda: secara teknikal adalah haram untuk menerbitkan gambar menara yang diterangi pada waktu malam. Kebenaran dan hak mesti diperoleh dari & quotSociété d'Exploitation de la Tour Eiffel. "

6. Menara ini dibuka setiap hari. Di negara yang ditutup setiap hari Ahad, menara mungkin satu-satunya tempat yang dibuka 365 hari dalam setahun termasuk Krismas.

7. Selepas Perancis, Itali, Sepanyol dan Amerika menjadi pelawat terbesar ke Menara Eiffel.

9. Eiffel memberi penghormatan kepada ahli sains Perancis yang hebat dengan mengukir nama 72 saintis, jurutera dan ahli matematik di empat sisi menara.

10. Pertunjukan cahaya lima minit setiap malam, yang bermula setiap jam dari waktu malam hingga pukul 1 pagi, memerlukan 20,000 lampu.


Tingkat pertama Menara Eiffel telah lama menjadi daya tarikan bagi golongan berani. Pada tahun 1912, Franz Reichelt melonjak sampai mati dari pelantar ketika cuba menunjukkan payung terjun yang boleh dipakai, sementara pada tahun 1926 Léon Collot cuba menerbangkan pesawatnya di bawah lengkungan lantai pertama dan terhempas.

Menara Eiffel telah menghasilkan banyak replika, termasuk di Pakistan, Rusia dan AS tetapi bangunan paling awal yang mendapat inspirasi dari struktur tersebut adalah Menara Blackpool. Ia dibina lima tahun selepas sepupunya dari Perancis, setelah walikota kota itu menuntut sesuatu yang serupa di sebelah tepi pantai Lancashire.


1. Ia pada asalnya dirancang setinggi 130 meter.

Pada mulanya, menara TV seharusnya jauh lebih kecil dan terletak di tempat lain - Müggelberge. Bangunan luar pertama dibina, tetapi kemudian Kementerian Dalam Negeri menyedari bahawa menara itu akan berada di jalan penerbangan Lapangan Terbang Schönefeld yang dirancang. Pihak berkuasa terpaksa mencari lokasi lain. Mereka mempertimbangkan untuk membangunnya di lokasi Istana Berlin yang dirobohkan, tetapi mustahil kerana tanah berpasir, jadi lokasi menara masa depan bergerak berdekatan dengan rancangan baru untuk membina menara di Alexanderplatz.


Perkara yang boleh dilakukan di sekitar Menara Eiffel

Semasa orang-orang berkunjung ke Paris, perkara paling penting untuk dilakukan semasa berada di Paris adalah dengan melihatnya Menara Eiffel, mercu tanda terhebat di City of Lights. Secara kebetulan monumen ini sangat luar biasa. 250 juta orang telah mengunjungi struktur besi sejak dibuka dan lebih dari 7 juta orang mengunjunginya setiap tahun menjadikannya monumen yang paling banyak dikunjungi di Eropah. Mari berjumpa dengan kami Wanita besi.

The Menara Eiffel dibina pada tahun 1888 oleh arkitek Gustave Eiffel dan berdiri sejak Pameran Dunia Paris pada tahun 1889. Apabila anda berhadapan dengan monumen Paris yang paling ikonik, anda akan kagum dengan ukuran dan kehebatannya, malah mungkin akan menitiskan air mata anda.

Menara Eiffel setinggi 324 meter, lebar 125 meter dan berat lebih dari sepuluh ribu tan! Ia mempunyai 1665 tangga. Mendaki mereka jika anda cukup berani. Tetapi anda boleh melakukan apa yang dilakukan oleh kebanyakan orang dan hanya menaiki lif.

Oleh kerana anda akan mengunjungi mercu tanda Paris yang mengagumkan ini (Ketahui mengenai Lawatan Tanda Tempat percuma kami di sini), anda harus mengetahui beberapa perkara yang boleh anda lakukan di dalamnya dan di sekitarnya. Itulah sebabnya saya berkongsi dengan anda perkara yang perlu dilakukan di sekitar Menara Eiffel!

Di manakah Menara Eiffel?

The Menara Eiffel terletak di Champs de Mars di Avenue Anatole, 5 pada ketujuh arrondissement di Paris. Tidak mungkin anda akan terlepas melihat tugu raksasa ini semasa anda melawat Paris. Semasa anda akan mendarat di Paris, anda akan melihatnya Wanita besi dari kapal terbang walaupun pada hari mendung.

Terdapat banyak cara untuk pergi ke Menara Eiffel, tetapi saya akan memberitahu anda yang terbaik!

Cara paling mudah untuk ke Menara Eiffel jelas dengan menaiki kereta api RER C ke Champ de Mars / Lawatan Eiffel tetapi sekiranya saya adalah saya, saya akan mengambil salah satu pilihan lain yang akan saya kongsi dengan anda.

Walaupun stesen metro paling dekat dengan menara, biasanya sangat sesak dan kerana anda mungkin tidak biasa dengan pengangkutan awam Paris, anda mungkin tersesat dan keliru.

Cara alternatif adalah menaiki laluan metro 8 dan mengambil jalan keluar di Ecole Militaire atau laluan metro 6 dan ambil jalan keluar di Bir-Hakeim. Dengan mengambil jalan ini, anda tidak akan menghadapi masalah untuk menunggu metro terus ke Champ de Mars / Lawatan Eiffel dan anda juga akan lebih dekat dengan Champs de Mars kebun. Anda akan dapat berjalan-jalan sehingga anda sampai di Menara Eiffel, yang menurut saya adalah salah satu cara paling indah untuk mengunjungi semua kawasan di sekitar Menara Eiffel.

Pilihan yang saya lebih suka ialah mengambil Trocadero metro exit on metro line 9 or 6 and from there visit the Trocadéro first and then head to the Eiffel Tower. By doing this, you will also have the best view possible from afar of the Eiffel Tower, because the Trocadéro is on higher ground than the Champs de Mars. This way you will also have the possibility to visit a lot more things around the Eiffel Tower, while still being near it.

Avoid taking a taxi! This area is so frequented by tourists that it will nearly be impossible to get there by car. But if you really must do so, be prepared for long queues in traffic, taking about forty minutes or more to get to the Eiffel Tower, depending on where you are located in Paris.

Climb the stairs and learn its history

Climb the stairs and reach the second floor! Wander around the center of the tower’s metallic structure at your own pace and contemplate the fantastic iron piece of art and its history.

Another thing to do in the Eiffel Tower would be of course a guided tour to learn everything about the most famous monument of Paris.

Otherwise, you can stay a little while on the first floor to enjoy an overview of its history through different illustrations of the Eiffel Tower evolution, photographs, engravings, drawings, films and interactive activities.

You don’t want to miss the panoramic view from the second floor, with Paris at your feet. Daripada right bank kepada left bank (Learn more about right bank vs left bank), the Eiffel Tower offers you the most unique view over the major landmarks of the city of lights.

However, be prepared to queue (read tips for your visit here) : it can take up to 4 hours to access to the Eiffel Tower. Even if you arrive early in the morning or at the end of the day, you won’t be alone ! Our advice would be to visit the Eiffel Tower with a local guide (more informaton and tickets here). These tickets are more expensive than normal tickets, but the Eiffel Tower is a must-see in Paris and you don’t want to spend the whole day waiting in a line.

Di dalam Eiffel Tower, there are actually many things to see and experience. As you go up the tower, you will find out everything you want to know about the Eiffel Tower: from its origins and history to the construction evolution and all the renovations it went through all these years.

Enjoy the Eiffel Tower at night

Some say the best time to visit the Eiffel Tower is at night when you can appreciate a calmer atmosphere as well as the incredible illuminations. After sunset, the Eiffel Tower sparkles with thousands of lights and it’s open til midnight!

>> Skip the line to the top of the Eiffel Tower with a tour guide

>> Enjoy a very special experience from the summit daripada Paris #1 landmark

Have a fancy night on the Eiffel Tower

If you’re looking for a chic experience, you can enjoy a glass of champagne at the very top of the Eiffel Tower! Nestling into the very structure of the tower, the bar offers you a choice of a glass of either rosé or white champagne, served as chilled as you like. The bar is open until 10 pm and serves drinks for a cost between €12 and €21.

And finally, for the gourmet among you, on the first floor, there’s a restaurant called Restaurant 58 that serves lunches and dinners high in the sky! Its meals start at 39 euros and children’s menu at 15 euros. The food and atmosphere are extremely pleasant!

Enjoy wine and cheese at the foot of the Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower is surrounded by big lawns where Parisians love to sit during spring and summer. One of the best things to do around the Eiffel Tower is to have a French picnic with cheese, wine and a baguette. Just next to the Eiffel Tower is one of the best streets in Paris to buy food. Ia dipanggil rue Cler (read more about food shops in Rue Cler). In this street, you will find the best products Paris has to offer. Then just bring all your purchases to those lawns of le Champs de Mars and you’ll have the most Parisian evening ever.

Enjoy the Rodin Museum

The Rodin museum is one of the most celebrated sculpture museum of Europe. Rodin was one of the last masters of classical sculpture of its time. He revolutionized art. He made some of the most famous sculptures ever. We all know his most famous piece of art: the Thinker. His work is full of feelings and I can assure you it is a quite moving experience to discover Rodin’s art for the first time.

The Rodin museum is in a walking distance of the Eiffel Tower, only about 15 minutes. The museum also has one of the most beautiful gardens in Paris. It is definitely a must-do around the Eiffel Tower.

Have a boat cruise

The Eiffel Tower is located just by the river. So one of the things to do around the Eiffel Tower is to get into a boat cruise. Boat cruises are not a tourist trap. They are a touristic activity but it’s definitely worth your money. It’s an amazing way to look at Paris. To see Notre Dame, the Islands, the bridges and hundreds of other details that will make you love Paris even more is one of the best experiences you’ll enjoy while in Paris.

Plus you get to be seated during the whole trip, enjoying the Seine River, the landmarks and taking the best photos of your stay in Paris!

You should also know that at the end of each of our free Paris walking tours, you’ll be handed a Perks Package. Inside the package, you’ll find many discounts that will make your visit to Paris even more special and unique, including discounts for the Vedettes du Pont-Neuf boat cruises.

Now you know some of the things to do around the Eiffel Tower. Seeing and visiting the gigantic iron structure will bring many different kinds of feelings and emotions to you. The Eiffel Tower will remind you how little you actually are in this world. You will understand how important it is to live for the moment.

Terdapat banyak things to do around the Eiffel Tower. Once you’ve fully enjoyed the iron structure, you should relax and have lunch at the Champs de Mars, just beneath the Eiffel Tower. Then walk around the area surrounding the tower. If you want a bonus tip: You should also know that if you come to Paris during Christmas, because during Christmas time, there’s a Christmas market just in front of the Eiffel Tower. It has many stands and a nice ice rink. Parisians love to go there with their kids during the holidays!

A bonus fun fact about the Eiffel Tower

During cold weather, the tower shrinks about six inches due to the type of metal it is made of. During summer, it grows again but never more than those six inches!

I hope you’ve enjoyed reading this article! If you want to know a little more about our Iron Lady, read this article which is about some of the best fun facts about this iconic Parisian monument! I hope to see you soon in one of our tours! Do not hesitate to contact us if you need further information about anything!

  1. The best travel book : Rick Steves – Paris 2020– Learn more here
  2. Lonely Planet Paris 2020 – Learn more here

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Clémence

Clémence grew up in the south of Paris. She studies politics and history at Sciences Po, in Saint-Germain. From long visits at the Louvre to carefree afternoons on the banks, she has childhood memories in every corner of Paris. Theater, cinema, photography, macarons, cheese, wine, exhibits, museums, parties. Paris is everything to her!


10 things you may not know about Cocoa and Rockledge

Think you know everything about Cocoa and Rockledge? Test that knowledge. Here are 10 things you may not know, smarty pants. Video by Jessica Saggio

Think you know everything there is to know about Cocoa and Rockledge? Let's put that knowledge to the test. (Photo: MALCOLM DENEMARK/FLORIDA TODAY)

This is the fifth part of a series dedicated to highlighting the many interesting facts found in cities across the Space Coast. Part 1: 10 things you probably don't know about the Space Coast can be found here. Part 2: Titusville, can be found here. Part 3: Merritt Island can be found here. Part 4: Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral can be found here.

In the early days of Brevard County, it was Cocoa and Rockledge that really got things rolling here on the Space Coast.

In fact, Rockledge was technically the first incorporated city in the county. But everyone knows that, right?

And Cocoa, which wasn't incorporated much later, wasn't really supposed to be called Cocoa and (allegedly) got its name from a shipment of cocoa powder after the postmaster rejected its request to be "Indian River City."

Everybody knows that, too, right?

The area, known for its great hunting and beautiful waterway, attracted pioneers and visitors who braved the mosquitoes, the terrain and the infamous Florida heat, and thus, the Space Coast was born.

But what isn't widely known about this historically rich areas of Brevard County?

Here are 10 things you may not know about Cocoa and Rockledge

1. Florida armadillos originated in Cocoa

We can thank Cocoa for these little creatures in our local ecosystem. (Photo: Kevin Robertson)

Next time your car finds itself playing chicken with an armadillo in the middle of the night, raise a fist and let out a curse to. Cocoa.

The nocturnal, somewhat destructive and roadkill-prone armadillo is not native to the Sunshine State and we can thank Cocoa for its existence here in Florida.

According to the book "Images of America: Cocoa and Rocklege" we can blame Gus Edwards, a prominent lawyer who is credited for developing Cocoa Beach. Edwards also developed the Cocoa Zoo in the 1920s, which was not among his greatest accomplishments. Edwards, who had lived in Texas prior to his time in Cocoa, brought the Longhorn State's iconic armadillo to serve as the star of the Cocoa zoo. That was, until the zoo went broke and they released all the armadillos into the wild. Bada-bing bada-boom, now we have armadillos.

It turns out, though, they fit in just fine around these parts.

"They seem to be pretty well immersed in Florida ecosystem. They didn’t displace a lot of other species, they are a food source for a lot of things and they keep other things under control," said Keith Winsten, executive director of the Brevard Zoo. "They are incredibly charming articles, they don’t bite."

However, "when faced with an automobile, their escape technique is to jump up which is a really bad idea."

Oh, and if you see one tearing up your yard, there's a good chance you've got grubs in your grass, said Winsten, so lay off the fertilizer.

2. We have a reason to root for the Vegas Golden Knights in the Stanley Cup Final

Ryan Carpenter, center, started his career here in Rockledge as part of the Space Coast Hurricanes junior hockey team. He now plays center for the Vegas Golden Knights. (Photo: Courtesy Rick Ninko)

Get on your black and gold, Brevard, because we have a direct link to this year's Stanley Cup Final and he plays center for the Vegas Golden Knights.

Meet Ryan Carpenter, the superstar hockey player who trained right here in Rockledge at the Space Coast Iceplex. Carpenter was born in Oviedo, but played for the Space Coast Hurricanes junior team when he was 15. Generally players on that team are 17, 18 and 19 years old, said former Iceplex owner Rick Ninko, but Carpenter stood out as a top-notch player even back then. The Space Coast Hurricanes went on to win the national championship for the Junior C level, a huge milestone for Florida hockey.

"It was a big deal at the time because it changed the face of hockey in that all of sudden Florida was being recognized as a place that produced good hockey players, and Ryan was one of them," said Ninko.

Ryan Carpenter #40 of the Vegas Golden Knights takes a shot against the Washington Capitals during the first period in Game Four of the 2018 NHL Stanley Cup Final at Capital One Arena on June 4, 2018 in Washington, DC. (Photo: Gregory Shamus, Getty Images)

Carpenter left Florida to play USHL junior hockey in Iowa, followed by collegiate hockey at Bowling Green University, minor leagues in Massachusetts and eventually the Vegas Golden Knights, a brand new team in the National Hockey League this season. In true Cinderella story fashion, the team is currently competing for the 2018 Stanley Cup against the Washington Capitals.

3. Rockledge High School was once Cocoa High School (let me explain)

Before 1970 when Cocoa High School moved into its current location, it was actually in Rockledge. (Photo: Jessica Saggio, FLORIDA TODAY)

There's a reason Rockledge and Cocoa high schools have such fierce rivalry and it can all be traced back to turf. The current Rockledge High School building was actually Cocoa High School at one time. Yes, Cocoa High School was in Rockledge and then moved to where it currently sits off Range Road. Once Cocoa high moved, Rockledge high took its place.

Cocoa High School was at the Rockledge location until 1970 and moved into its new facility because of capacity issues, said Dane Theodore, assistant superintendent of facilities for Brevard Public Schools.

The two schools have since formed an intense rivalry and just last year Rockledge beat Cocoa in football for the first time in 11 years.

4. Clearlake isn't just a road

Students hang out in Clear Lake, the actual lake, before the college started to discourage it due to the alligators. This photo is from the school's annual raft races in the lake. (Photo: Courtesy Eastern Florida State College)

In the 1950s, 60s and 70s not everyone in the Cocoa and Rockledge areas had a pool, but they did have Clear Lake. As in, Clear Lake, the actual lake, not the road that runs through town.

Those who grew up in the Cocoa area recall a time when Clear Lake, the lake currently that sits on the Eastern Florida State College campus, was a place for swimming and parties. It was perhaps the most popular local watering hole. It was also once a source of drinking water for the city of Cocoa, but that was (fortunately) before it became a community swimming pool.

FLORIDA TODAY asked about Clear Lake in a popular Cocoa Facebook group and within minutes, hundreds of comments poured in sharing good times experienced at the lake. Some noted they learned how to swim in the lake, others camped there and some had picnics. And yes, it was actually clear at one point. There was even a slide, a dock, ropes and lifeguards who kept a look out for alligators. A sandy beach faded away and EFSC buildings were constructed over time. The student center now sits atop what used to be the sandy beach.

"Clearlake was a central point of recreation for families. We swam to the platform dock to dive, took swimming lessons, and I remember fondly, rode our horses across on hot summer days," said Lisa Gurri, among dozens of other reminiscent comments on the thread. "Clearlake was fed by several springs on the west side and an artesian well fountain near then BCC Student Center, it was very clear where the Spring head fed the lake and we all cohabited with the gators."

Many also went to watch the "submarine races," commenters joked.

Swimming at the popular hang out stopped in the 80s as then-Brevard Community College built up its campus around the lake and signs warned of alligators.

Swimmers in Clear Lake. (Photo: Courtesy David Rollins)

5. There's a castle in Rockledge

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Rockledge is the only city in Brevard that can boast it has a castle. Yes, a castle. And a pink one at that.

Nestled along Valencia Road in Rockledge sits a 3,561-square-foot castle. It features four bedrooms and three-and-a-half baths, which is quite small for castle stands, but hey, it's Brevard not the Irish countryside.

But there are perks to having a Florida castle. This one comes with a pool, ornate fountain, private courtyard, mangoes and other fruit trees and a large screened-in back porch, according to a past FLORIDA TODAY report.

The 1920s-era home was completely remodeled and recently was sold. It was listed for $400,000. There were multiple offers and the house sold over asking price, said Shane Burgman of the Carpenter/Kessel Homeselling team, which listed the property.

The Rockledge castle. (Photo: Courtesy DeWayne Carpenter)

6. The Cocoa water tower's patriotic design has a tie to . Greece?

The Cocoa water tower's stars and stripes were originally painted as a gift to the city from a Greek immigrant. (Photo: Rik Jesse/FLORIDA TODAY, Rik Jesse, FLORIDA TODAY)

Perhaps the most iconic landmark in Cocoa, the patriotic water tower that sits near the corner of Peachtree Street and US 1 doesn't just look the part. It's history is intertwined with, well, love of country. Surely, the giant American flags give that away.

Although the water tower was repainted in 2015, the prominent American flag design dates back to 1976 during the country's bicentennial celebration. The flags are there thanks to Demetrios Dourakos, a Greek immigrant who wanted to show his gratitude to the country by painting the flags free of charge in honor of the bicentennial. Dourakos owned the Royal Painting Company on Merritt Island and the job was estimated to cost about $10,000 at the time.

Of course, over time, the tower has needed refurbishments, including the latest upgrades in 2015. The water tower's latest renovation earned the tower bragging rights. It was crowned the 2015 Tank of the Year and appeared as Miss January in a calendar published by Tnemec Co. Inc.

Dourakos also painted the giant flag on the Vehicle Assembly Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, according to FLORIDA TODAY archives.

Fun fact, said Cocoa Mayor Henry Parrish III, no matter which direction you are traveling, you can see a flag.

"The tower needed an enormous amount of work, but we didn’t want to lose the flags. We refurbished the tower to kind of represent how we refurbished the water system," said Parrish. "We made the flags smaller, added another flag and redialed it so when you come over the bridge from Merritt Island you see a flag, north you see a flag and south you see a flag and so on."

7. "River Road" was originally a Native American trail

Indian River Drive, Riverside Drive or Rockledge Drive, depending on how far south you go, was one of the first main thoroughfares on land in Brevard County. Primary transportation during the early days of Cocoa and Rockledge was by boat, but thanks to Native Americans and animals who resided before the area's pioneers, the riverside path was pretty much already formed.

"The River Road connecting Cocoa and Rockledge was originally a dirt Native American trail. Because it followed the Indian River shoreline, it was convenient for the early settles who homesteaded there," according to "Images of America: Cocoa and Rockledge."

8. Cocoa has a link to the Beverly Hillbillies

Buddy Ebsen starred as Jed Clampett in "The Beverly Hillbillies." Ebsen taught dance with his sisters in Cocoa, prepping young boys and girls for the Orange Jubilee. The Orange Jubilee Ball was a big celebration hosted in the Cocoa area. Ebsen eventually opened the Ebsen School of Dance in Orlando. (Photo: NBC, NBC via Getty Images)

Save the jokes about Mims and Scottsmoor, because it's actually Cocoa that can be most associated with the Beverly Hillbillies.

Star of the show Buddy Ebsen, who played the role of Jed Clampett, taught dance with his sisters in Cocoa, prepping young boys and girls for the Orange Jubilee. The Orange Jubilee Ball was a big celebration hosted in the Cocoa area.

"The school is known to have been active in the late 1930s and early 1950s," according to "Images of America: Cocoa and Rockledge."

Ebsen eventually opened the Ebsen School of Dance in Orlando.

9. Rockledge's glass coffin legend is . dun dun dun . false

A FLORIDA TODAY report from 1968 that features Pluckebaum's side of this fable. (Photo: Florida Today archives)

For decades, long timers on the Space Coast have passed down the tale of the legendary "glass coffin" on Rockledge Drive. The story goes that a young girl died because she drowned in the Indian River. Or was it because she got hit by a car? Or because she died of a sleeping sickness? Pilihlah pilihan anda. Either way, she died and her father didn't bury her. Instead, he put her in a glass coffin that rested inside a mausoleum facing the water so she could always look out upon her beloved Indian River. A super weird story if you go with the "drowning" angle. Pretty morbid. "Hey, look at where you died . for eternity."

The story was the basis for likely hundreds of "truth or dare" escapades, as many have considered it a thrill to search for the glass coffin.

Well, if you have a bubble, go ahead and pop it because the truth is that the story is completely fabricated. There was no young girl who died, and no, she doesn't haunt the river in a Victorian dress. Sorry, Brevard, the spook is a spoof.

In a FLORIDA TODAY report from December 1969, the tale was investigated. It turns out that the owner of the mausoleum, Jerome Pluckebaum, was interviewed about the local legend before his death. The only thing true about the story is that the mausoleum existed. Inside, rests Pluckebaum's wife, whose final wishes were that she "stay forever" at their winter home in Rockledge.

"She was later joined by his parents, a sister and in time, Plukebaum himself," the article reads.

"This is my home," said Pluckebaum. "I don't know how the stories got started. The only guess I have is when I built the mausoleum, a lot of people around here had never heard of a mausoleum."

The mausoleum has since been moved.

10. Cocoa "The trout capital of the world"

Cocoa once touted it was the "trout capitol of the world." Their spelling, not ours. (Photo: Courtesy Henry Parrish III)

Titusville may claim to be the redfish capital of the world, but apparently all the trout live in Cocoa.

In the 1950s, then-Mayor S. Gary Bennett Jr. was working to generate tourism and interest in Cocoa. His plan? Market it as the trout capital of the world with a giant parade float, said current Mayor Henry Parrish III.

"He would take that float and put it in the parades as far as Atlanta, Georgia," said Parrish. "He took it to Orlando, everywhere he could."

But was it accurate? Well, not technically, said Parrish, there was no real science to back up the claim.

Still, the Indian River Lagoon was a hotbed for catching trout, he said, so few fisherman left disappointed.


Brennan McPherson

When I first heard the story of the Tower of Babel as a kid, it took everything in me to not burst out laughing. I mean, come on. Some guy named Nimrod builds a tower that he thinks is going to reach to the heavens (what a nimrod) and God punishes him? That’s funny.

But is that really the story? Ho-ho! Upon closer look, we see that’s not quite what happened! And neither is the story any laughing matter. So, let’s dive through 10 facts you might not know about the story of the Tower of Babel in the book of Genesis:

1. The entire account of the Tower of Babel is in Genesis 11:1-9, but additional details and references are found from Genesis 9 through Genesis 11:26. There’s WAY too much here for just one point, so suffice it to say that to get a true understanding of the events in Genesis 11:1-9, you have to dig deep and cross-reference the surrounding Scripture text heavily. Because Genesis is written as what seems to be a poetic historical account, the events of the flood in Genesis 6-9 directly impact the events of the Tower of Babel. As do the troubles between Noah and his children, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. In addition, the text of Genesis 9 through Genesis 11 is not perfectly chronological. Noah’s death is talked about in Genesis 9, and yet Noah was alive during the events of the tower of Babel in Genesis 11. This is part of the reason why we have to read carefully, and cross-reference often, to make sense of the nuanced details in the story.

2. The story of the Tower of Babel wouldn’t have happened without Noah getting drunk in Genesis 9. In Genesis 9:18-29, we are given a general overview of the breakdown of Noah’s family, and the end of Noah’s life. Noah plants a vineyard, gets drunk, then gets naked (that’s weird), and his son Ham sees him naked and ridicules him to the family. Noah wakes up, hears what happened, and curses Ham’s lineage instead of directly cursing Ham, because as a prophet of God, Noah doesn’t presume to curse whom God has blessed (Genesis 9:1). This curse splits the family, and Noah’s failure to be a spiritual leader in his family is part of what allows the events of the tower of Babel to happen, because the Tower was most likely a religious structure made to aid in the worship of the celestial bodies (i.e. sun, stars, moon, and stuff). If Noah had not allowed a schism in his family, he would have been more capable of speaking against occurrences of idolatry. Seeing this connection, along with the next point, was what gave rise to the plot for my full-length novelization of the story titled, BABEL: The Story of the Tower and the Rebellion of Man.

3. Noah was almost certainly alive during the events of the tower of Babel. This blew my mind. In Genesis 9:28-29, we’re told that Noah lived 350 years after the flood, and died when he was 950 years old (his bunions must have been downright epic). If we flip ahead to Genesis 11:10, we find several VERY interesting clues that help us piece together a reasonably accurate timeline. Shem’s son Arpachshad (what a mouthful) was born two years after the flood. If we assume that every descendant afterward is a father-son relationship (meaning that there’s no skipping generations—which we see evidence of in other genealogies in Scripture), we end up finding out that a guy named Peleg was born 101 years after the flood. We’re also told Peleg lived 239 years, so he died 340 years after the flood (ten years before Noah died). We’re also told in the mirrored genealogy in Genesis 10 that the earth was “divided” in Peleg’s lifetime. We know that this doesn’t refer to a continental divide, or the flood, because the flood happened 101 years before Peleg was born, and a continental divide would have caused worldwide flooding again (which God promised to never do). The only other divide we’re told about in Scripture is the divide in languages and countries from the events at the Tower of Babel. Thus, we can safely assume Noah was alive during the events of the tower of Babel.

4. Abram could have been alive during the events of the tower of Babel, and was definitely alive during Noah’s lifetime. Following the timeline given in Genesis 11 (along with the assumption we already talked about in point 3 above), we see that Abram was born 292 years after the flood. This is 58 years before Noah died, and 48 years before Peleg died. It’s therefore reasonable to assume that Abram could have both known about (or been present at) the Tower of Babel event, and that he could have been directly discipled by Noah himself, learning about the beginning of the universe and the world’s greatest cataclysm from someone who had experienced the violent baptism of the world first-hand. In addition, Noah’s father, Lamech, could have known Seth (Adam’s son), and gotten a second-hand account of the garden of Eden. Not hard to see how an accurate oral tradition about the beginnings of the universe could have been passed down to Abram’s lineage and written in some form in his day (because they definitely had Semitic cuneiform writing back during the Tower of Babel days).

5. The Tower of Babel story could have happened anywhere from 101 years after the flood, to 340 years after the flood. This is interesting for several reasons. The closer the events were to the timing of the flood, the more we question what in the world Noah was doing during the events of the Tower of Babel. Why wasn’t the prophet of God stopping the world from gathering in rebellion against God with blatant idolatry? This was the provocative “What-if” question that gave rise to my novel, BABEL: The Story of the Tower and the Rebellion of Man, which is (you guessed it) largely about Noah’s involvement (and failure) in the events at the Tower of Babel. But in addition to that, we can also see that the population size could have varied widely, from a thousand or so people, to tens of thousands of people.

6. Just like the hundreds of flood myths in myriad cultures around the world, there are countless myths about the confusion of the world’s languages. Many of these language myths arose through oral tradition in areas that were untouched by the biblical text, which strongly indicates that there was a real event that spawned the disparate accounts. Some of the accounts include an Australian myth that attributes the language split to cannibalism, an African tale where madness struck people during a famine and they all spoke different languages and scattered, and a Polynesian tale that talks of a God who, in his fury, scattered the builders of a tower, broke its foundation, and made the builders speak in many different languages. Pretty crazy, right?

7. It’s likely Nimrod didn’t build Babel OR the Tower. In fact, it’s almost certain that Nimrod didn’t build either, though he was likely involved in the process. We’re told in Genesis 10:9 that Nimrod was primarily a hunter (a man of violence), and that the “beginning of his kingdom” was Babel, among other cities, before he went and built Nineveh, among others. If he built Babel, it likely would’ve said so there. In addition, the actual account of the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11 cites that the people communally said to one another, “let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens.” There was no one person who was commanding the building, but rather a group deciding in unison. Again, Nimrod could have been involved in this process. Or, he could have come to power afterward.

8. The trinity was involved at the events of the Tower of Babel. Traditional interpretation of Genesis 11, and God’s words saying, “Let kita go down and see the tower” that mankind had built, is that Jesus, God (Yahweh), and the Holy Spirit were present and involved in the event. This makes sense with our New Testament understanding of the trinity for several reasons. First, Jesus is the Word, and his relation to God’s spoken revelation is inseparable throughout Scripture. Second, the world was created through Jesus (John 1:3), so he and the Holy Spirit are shown as involved in everything God has done from the beginning (“Spirit hovered over the face of the waters”). We also know the Holy Spirit’s involvement in human speech is profound from the account at Pentecost in the Book of Acts, which seems to be a sort of divine symbolic reversal of the confusion of languages at the Tower of Babel. Furthermore, if God was speaking in the plural to beings unified with him and who needed to be involved at the Tower, he would have been speaking to Jesus and the Holy Spirit. If God took a physical form in some way, traditional interpretation says that it would likely have been as a humanoid prefigurement of the Christ. Now we’re getting kinda “out there,” but this is important because we can then see Christ and the Holy Spirit at work in this ancient, Old Testament story, along with links to their work in the New Testament church and the covenant we have with God under Christ’s sacrifice and resurrection. Because Noah was a type of Adam. The world began anew with him through the baptism of the world. And we know that Christ is the last Adam, the undoing of Adam’s mistakes, and that his baptism is by the Spirit, not by water, which only pointed ahead to the baptism we experience through Christ’s blood. Baptism came to represent the death of the old world because of the literal destruction of the old world through water at the almighty hand of God. In this way, we see powerful symbolic connections and importance layered into the Tower of Babel story, and the lives of those involved.

9. The tower of Babel was likely finished when the languages were confused. In Genesis 11:5, it says God went down to see the city and the tower which the children of man “had built.” In addition, In Genesis 11:8, it claims God spread them out from there over the face of the earth, and that the people left off building the city (but not the tower, which implies the tower was already finished).

10. For the last time, the Tower of Babel story is NOT about technological advancement. Baked bricks were no new technology. In fact, though modern sociologists who don’t hold the Bible to be trustworthy often say that iron-working didn’t exist until much later, the Bible claims that in the first couple generations of humanity’s existence (long before the flood), humanity was building cities, creating pipe and stringed instruments, forging gangsa dan besi, and cultivating livestock (Genesis 4:19-22). So, we know that brick-making and using mortar were no great technological advancements. Especially after reminding ourselves that Noah (who was still alive) built the world’s largest wooden boat, waterproofed it with pitch, and survived the greatest cataclysm to ever strike the earth. The point of the story of the Tower of Babel is to illustrate man’s pride (wanting to make a name for themselves separate from their identity as children of God – i.e. “children of man”), along with man’s tendency toward idolatry, and God’s unlimited power coupled with his mercy and gentleness. The confusion of languages was a brilliant, non-violent way of disrupting their prideful plans. All in all, however, this story is a fascinating view into human nature, family dynamics, mankind’s purpose and ambition, and God’s personhood. If you want a more detailed historical study on the Tower of Babel, check out Bodie Hodge’s book, Tower of Babel, which is a careful study of the historical details, and which is endorsed by Answers in Genesis.

Before working on the full-length novelization of the story of the Tower of Babel (BABEL: The Story of the Tower and the Rebellion of Mankind), I didn’t know any of this. This is part of the reason why I love writing biblical fiction. It drives me back to the text of the Bible in a way nothing else does. I hope reading it does the same for you! Blessings, and thanks for reading. And if you want to pick up a copy of the book, you can do so here: GET BABEL NOW


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