Pembasmi Boeing B-17F Alabama II

Pembasmi Boeing B-17F Alabama II

Pembasmi Boeing B-17F Alabama II

B-17F Alabama Exterminator II berkhidmat dengan Kumpulan Bombardment ke-97, Kumpulan Bombardment ke-92 dan sebagai pesawat navigasi feri dengan Kumpulan Bombardment ke-384.

Terima kasih banyak kepada Pen & Sword kerana memberikan gambar ini kepada kami.

Tentera Udara Kelapan AS di Eropah: Eager Eagles 1941-Summer 1943, Martin W. Bowman. Sejarah lisan yang baik dari dua tahun pertama Tentera Udara Kelapan, dari serangan ke Pearl Harbor dan pembentukan Kelapan hingga Julai 1943 dan Blitz Week. Ini adalah tempoh serangan awal yang dikawal dan serangan pertama ke Jerman, berakhir sebelum serangan mahal yang terkenal yang membuktikan perlunya pejuang jarak jauh. [baca ulasan penuh]


41-9022

B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 92th Bomb Group terbang dalam formasi semasa latihan dijalankan. Pesawat terbang, dari kiri ke kanan: B-17E (nombor siri 41-9022) dijuluki "Alabama Exterminator", B-17E (nombor siri 41-9023) dijuluki "Yankee Doodle", B-17E (UX- ?, nombor siri 41-9017) dijuluki "Heidi Ho", B-17E (UX-V, nombor siri 41-9013), B-17E (UX-S, nombor siri 41-9154) dijuluki "The Bat out of Hell", B- 17E (nombor siri 41-9132). Kapsyen bercetak di belakang: 'B-26340 AC - Boeing B-17 "Flying Fortresses" Angkatan Udara ke-8, England dalam perjalanan untuk mengebom sasaran di Jerman. FOTO UDARA A.S. Kapsyen tulisan tangan di sebaliknya: '92BG B17 digunakan untuk latihan di Bovingdon Oktober 1942.'

Sarjan John Pysarchuk dari Kumpulan Bomba ke-92 memberikan ceramah mengenai B-17 Flying Fortress (nombor siri 41-9022) yang dijuluki "Alabama Exterminator II" kepada Kadet Latihan Udara yang sedang dalam lawatan ke pangkalan Tentera Udara Kelapan Amerika Syarikat di Bovingdon . Gambar dicetak di belakang: 'Lulus untuk penerbitan 2 DEC 1942.' [setem] 'Diluluskan untuk Isu 2 Dis 1942.' [setem], 'Hak Cipta Urusan Semasa LTD.' [setem] dan '236338' [Sensor no]. Kapsyen bercetak di belakang: 'Penerbangan A.T.C. kanak-kanak lelaki dalam lawatan ke stesen Tentera Udara Amerika di Britain dimulakan menjadi rahsia Flying Fortress oleh juruterbang dan anak kapal. O.P.S. (3) Sergt. John Pysarahuk [sic], dari Cleveland, Ohio, memberitahu anak-anak lelaki sejarah tentang beberapa "nama haiwan peliharaan" yang dilukis di pesawat. '

A B-17 Flying Fortress (PY-O, nombor siri 41-9022) dijuluki "Alabama Exterminator" dari Kumpulan Bomba ke-92 di Mount Farm. Gambar oleh Robert Astrella, Kumpulan Pengintipan Fotografi ke-7. Tertulis pada selongsong slaid: '92 BG 19022 Mount Farm PY: O.'

A B-17 Flying Fortress (nombor siri 41-9022) yang dijuluki "Alabama Exterminator II" dari Kumpulan Bomb ke-92. Kapsyen tulisan tangan di belakang: '414 Squadron, 97th Bomb Group.'


17 Mei 1943

Krew Memphis Belle setelah misi ke-25 mereka: (kiri ke kanan) Sarjan Teknikal Harold Loch, Sarjan Turret Gunner / Jurutera Kanan, Cecil Scott, Sarjan Teknikal Ball Turret Gunner Robert Hanson, Kapten Operator Radio James Verinis, Kapten juruterbang Kapten Robert Morgan, Komander Pesawat / Juruterbang Kapten Charles Leighton, Sarjan Kakitangan Navigator John Quinlan, Sarjan Kakitangan Tail Gunner, Casimer Nastal, Kapten Gunner Pinggang, Vincent Evans, Staf Bombardier, Sarjan Clarence Winchell Waist Gunner. (Gambar Tentera Udara A.S.)

17 Mei 1943: Krew penerbangan B-17 Memphis Belle menyelesaikan lawatan tempur mereka dengan 25 misi pengeboman ke atas Eropah Barat dengan serangan ke Pangkalan Kapal Selam Kéroman yang besar di Lorient, Perancis. ¹ Pengebom itu adalah Boeing B-17F-10-BO Angkatan Udara Tentera Darat AS, nombor siri 41-24485, yang ditugaskan ke Skuadron Pengeboman ke-324 (Berat), Kumpulan Pengebom ke-91 (Berat), Komando Bomber VIII, yang berpusat di Udara Force Station 121 (RAF Bassingbourne, Cambridgeshire, England). Komander pesawat itu adalah Kapten Robert Knight Morgan, Air Corps, Tentera Amerika Syarikat.

Kempen pengeboman siang hari di Eropah yang diduduki Nazi sangat berbahaya dengan kerugian yang tinggi dalam pesawat udara dan pesawat terbang. Bagi kru pengebom Amereican, 25 misi tempur adalah lawatan lengkap, dan kemudian mereka dihantar kembali ke Amerika Syarikat untuk berehat dan latihan semula sebelum meneruskan tugas lain. Memphis Belle hanya B-17 kedua yang bertahan dalam 25 misi, sehingga ditarik dari pertempuran dan dihantar kembali ke Amerika Syarikat untuk lawatan publisiti.

Nama B-17 merujuk kepada teman wanita Kapten Morgan, Miss Margaret Polk, yang tinggal di Memphis, Tennessee. Karya seni yang dilukis di hidung pesawat adalah "Petty Girl," berdasarkan karya artis pin-up George Petty dari Dapatkan majalah. ²

(Morgan menamakan pesawatnya yang seterusnya - B-29 Superfortress—Tidak berani Dotty, setelah isterinya, Dorothy Grace Johnson Morgan. Dengan itu, dia memimpin misi pengeboman B-29 pertama ke Tokyo, Jepun, pada tahun 1944. Ia juga dihiasi dengan Gadis Kecil.)

Memphis Belle dan anak buahnya menjadi subjek dokumentari 45 minit, "Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress," yang disutradarai oleh William Wyler dan dibebaskan pada bulan April 1944. Ia difilemkan dalam pertempuran di atas kapal. Memphis Belle dan beberapa B-17 yang lain. Perpustakaan Kongres Amerika Syarikat menamakannya untuk pemeliharaan sebagai filem yang penting secara budaya.

B-17F-10-BO Flying Fortress 41-24485 (c / n 3190) dibina oleh Syarikat Pesawat Boeing di Pabrik 2 di Seattle, Washington, pada musim panas 1942. Ia adalah pesawat 195 di B-17F siri, dan salah satu blok pengeluaran ketiga. Diterbangkan oleh juruterbang Boeing bernama Johnston, pengebom baru melakukan penerbangan pertama, 1 jam, 40 minit, pada 13 Ogos 1942. Rekod penyelenggaraan menunjukkan, & # 82201 penerbangan OK. & # 8221

B-17 diterbangkan ke Bangor, Maine dan pada 31 Ogos 1942 ditugaskan ke Skuadron Pengeboman ke-324 (Berat), Kumpulan Pengebom ke-91 (Berat), kemudian bersiap untuk mengerahkan ke luar negeri.

Leftenan ke-2 Morgan pertama terbang 41-24485 pada 3 September, dan mencatat masa hampir 50 jam selama tiga minggu berikutnya. Skuadron terbang di seberang Laut Atlantik Utara, dan 41-24485 tiba di stesen tetapnya, Bassingbourne, pada 26 Oktober 1942.

Mengikuti misi tempurnya yang kedua puluh lima, Memphis Belle diterbangkan kembali ke Amerika Syarikat pada 9 Jun 1943.

Selepas perang, Memphis Belle dipamerkan di kota Memphis. Selama beberapa dekad ia mengalami masa, cuaca dan pengabaian. Tentera Udara akhirnya membawa pengebom itu kembali dan meletakkannya di koleksi tetap Muzium Nasional Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat di Pangkalan Tentera Udara Wright-Patterson, Dayton, Ohio, di mana ia mengalami pemulihan total.

Orang yang selamat. Anak kapal dari Memphis Belle selepas misi tempur ke-25 mereka, 17 Mei 1943. (Tentera Udara A.S.)

Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress adalah pengebom berat empat enjin yang dikendalikan oleh kru penerbangan seramai sepuluh orang. Panjangnya 74 kaki, 8.90 inci (22.781 meter) dengan lebar sayap 103 kaki, 9.375 inci (31.633 meter) dan ketinggian keseluruhan 19 kaki, 1.00 inci (5.187 meter). Sayap mempunyai sudut kejadian 3½ ° dan 4edral ° dihedral. Tepi hadapan disapu ke belakang 8¾ °. Luas sayap seluas 1,426 kaki persegi (132,48 meter persegi). Penstabil mendatar mempunyai rentang 43 kaki (13.106 meter) dengan kejadian 0 ° dan dihedral. Luas kawasannya, termasuk lif, adalah 331.1 kaki persegi (12.18 meter persegi).

B-17F mempunyai berat kosong sekitar 36,135 pound (16,391 kilogram), 40,437 pound (18,342 kilogram) asas, dan berat maksimum lepas landas adalah 65,000 pound (29,484 kilogram).

B-17F dikuasakan oleh empat mesin berpendingin udara, supercharged, 1.823.129-kubik-inci (29.876 liter) Wright Cyclone G666A (R-1820-65) engines mesin radial sembilan silinder dengan nisbah mampatan 6.70: 1. Enjinnya dilengkapi dengan pengecas turbo General Electric yang berkemampuan 24,000 r.p.m. R-1820-65 dinilai pada 1.000 kuasa kuda pada 2.300 r.p.m. di Aras Laut, dan 1.200 kuasa kuda pada 2.500 r.p.m. untuk berlepas. Mesin itu dapat menghasilkan 1.380 kuasa kuda di War Emergency Power. Petrol 100-oktan diperlukan. Baling-baling Cyclones berpusing dengan baling-baling, Hamilton-Standard Hydromatic Standard dengan kelajuan tetap dengan diameter 11 kaki, 7 inci (3.835 meter) walaupun pengurangan gear 0.5625: 1. Enjin R-1820-65 berukuran 3 kaki, 11.59 inci (1.209 meter) panjang dan 4 kaki, berdiameter 7.12 inci (1.400 meter). Beratnya 1.315 paun (596 kilogram).

Boeing B-17F-10-BO Flying Fortress 41-22485, Memphis Belle, dalam penerbangan ke atas England, 1943. (Tentera Udara A.S.)

B-17F mempunyai kelajuan pelayaran 200 batu per jam (322 kilometer per jam). Kelajuan maksimum adalah 299 batu per jam (481 kilometer per jam) pada 25.000 kaki (7,620 meter), walaupun dengan Kekuatan Darurat Perang, pengebom itu dapat mencapai 325 batu per jam (523 kilometer per jam) pada jarak 25.000 kaki untuk jangka pendek. Siling perkhidmatan adalah 37,500 kaki (11,430 meter).

Seni hidung & # 8220Petty Girl & # 8221 pin-up pengebom B-17, & # 8220Memphis Belle, & # 8221 semasa pemulihan.

Dengan muatan bahan bakar biasa 1,725 ​​gelen (6,530 liter) B-17F mempunyai jarak maksimum 3,070 batu (4,941 kilometer). Dua & # 8220 tangki Tokyo & # 8221 boleh dipasang di ruang bom, meningkatkan kapasiti sebanyak 820 gelen (3,104 liter). Dengan membawa bom seberat 6.000 pound (2.722 kilogram), jaraknya adalah 1.300 batu (2.092 kilometer).

The Memphis Belle dipersenjatai dengan 13 senapang kaliber Browning AN-M2 .50 untuk pertahanan terhadap pejuang musuh. Turet kuasa yang memasang dua senapang masing-masing terletak di kedudukan punggung dan ventral. Empat mesingan dipasang di hidung, 1 di ruang radio, 2 di pinggang dan 2 di ekor.

Beban maksimum bom B-17F ialah 20.800 paun (9434.7 kilogram) dalam jarak yang sangat pendek. Biasanya, bom letupan tinggi 4.000-6.000 pound (1.815-2.722 kilogram). Teluk bom dalaman dapat dimuat dengan maksimum lapan bom 1.600 paun (725.75 kilogram). Dua rak bom luaran yang dipasang di bawah sayap antara badan pesawat dan mesin dalam dapat membawa satu bom seberat 4.000 pound (1.814.4 kilogram), masing-masing, walaupun pilihan ini jarang digunakan.

B-17 Flying Fortress dalam pengeluaran dari tahun 1936 hingga 1945. 12.731 B-17 dibina oleh Boeing, Douglas Aircraft Company dan Lockheed-Vega. (Kod pengeluar -BO, -DL dan -VE mengikuti Nombor Blok dalam sebutan jenis setiap pesawat.) 3.405 dari jumlah itu adalah B-17F, dengan 2.000 dibina oleh Boeing, 605 oleh Douglas dan 500 oleh Lockheed-Vega.

Boeing B-17F-10-BO Flying Fortress 41-24485, Memphis Belle, terbang pulang dari England, 9 Jun 1943. (Tentera Udara A.S.)

Hanya tiga Benteng Terbang B-17F, termasuk Memphis Belle, tetap wujud. Pengebom yang dipulihkan sepenuhnya dipamerkan di Muzium Nasional Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat pada 17 Mei 2018.

Boeing B-17F-10-BO Flying Fortress 41-24485, & # 8220Memphis Belle, & # 8221 difoto 14 Mac 2018 di Muzium Nasional Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat, Pangkalan Tentera Udara Wright-Patterson, Ohio. (Tentera Udara A.S.)

Memphis Belle ® adalah Tanda Dagangan Berdaftar Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat.

¹ Misi Komando Pengebom VIII No. 58

² Seni hidung dilukis oleh Koperal Anthony L. Starcer.

³ Pengebom B-17F dan B-17G pengeluaran kemudian dilengkapi dengan enjin Wright Cyclone C9GC (R-1820-97).

Boeing B-17F-10-BO Flying Fortress 41-24485, & # 8220Memphis Belle, & # 8221 difoto 14 Mac 2018 di Muzium Nasional Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat, Pangkalan Tentera Udara Wright-Patterson, Ohio. (Tentera Udara A.S.)


Bomber melayari ketinggian: Kisah Flying Fortresses salah satu eksperimen panjang oleh pakar Boeing (1942)

Oleh William F. Boni, editor tentera Associated Press & ndash Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Washington) 11 November 1942

SEATTLE, 10 November & mdash Salah satu perkara yang menjadikan Flying Fortress menjadi sakit kepala bagi Jap dan Nazi adalah kemampuannya untuk mengebom dengan kesan mematikan dari ketinggian.

Ketepatan penglihatan bom ada hubungannya dengan itu, tentu saja, tetapi pertama, Flying Fortress harus sampai ke ketinggian itu. Jadi ini adalah kisah bagaimana ia sampai di sana.

Pelopor memecahkan rekod

Bahkan Boeing 299 yang asal, pendahulu Fortresses masa kini, adalah kapal ketinggian tinggi yang luar biasa. Ini dapat mencapai 27.000 kaki, dan itu dan penggantinya, B-17 awal dan B-17A, memungkinkan juruterbang tentera udara tentera untuk memecahkan satu rekod antarabangsa demi satu, untuk ketinggian dengan muatan, dan kecepatan dengan muatan.

B-17A adalah yang pertama menggunakan turbo-supercharger, yang, didorong oleh gas ekzos, memasukkan udara termampat ke motor di bahagian atas di mana udara tipis.

Ini adalah pemasangan yang menanggung sakit kepala Boeing dan Tentara, kerana sehingga saat itu turbos berjaya dipasang hanya dalam pesawat bermotor tunggal.

& ldquoSelain pesanannya untuk 13 dari B-17 pertama, & rdquo menerangkan Wellwood Beall, ketua jurutera Boeing & rsquos, & ldquothe Army memerintahkan satu pesawat tambahan sebagai apa yang dikenali sebagai artikel ujian & lsquostatic. '& rdquo

Ke-14 sebagai model ujian

Namun, akhirnya, Jeneral Echols (Jeneral Jeneral O P Echols), ketua pusat materiel di lapangan Wright, menyuruh kami terus maju dan menerbangkan pesawat itu, menggunakannya sebagai model ujian untuk pengecas turbo. & rdquo

Turbo pertama dipasang di bahagian atas nacelles enjin. Tetapi mereka menyebabkan banyak serangan pada penerbangan pertama sehingga dianggap tidak selamat bahkan untuk mencuba mereka di sana lagi. Turbo dialihkan ke bahagian bawah nacelles.

Tugas untuk mencari punca kegagalan turbos & rsquo di ketinggian yang melampau dilakukan kepada Eddie Allen, seorang ahli sihir keturunan yang membawa gelaran & ldquodirector bahagian penerbangan dan aerodinamik yang membebankan, & rdquo dan pegawainya.

Kira-kira setahun yang lalu, mereka menemui jawapannya, dan hari ini, di ketinggian puncak, keempat-empat motor masih memberikan kekuatan ketenteraan sepenuhnya.

Getah, minyak, kawalan membeku

Pada ketinggian yang melampau, di mana roda ekor getah hancur oleh tembakan senapang mesin kerana beku padat, minyak dan pelincir lain juga membeku, alat kawalan membeku, baling-baling berhenti atau melarikan diri.

(Hari ini, pada ketinggian 35,000 kaki, alat peraga dapat berbulu & mdash penting bukan hanya sekiranya masalah mesin muncul pada ketinggian itu, tetapi juga kerana ini bermaksud sekarang alat peraga boleh dileburkan pada suhu tanah 50 darjah di bawah sifar.)

Palam pencucuh, pada masa ini, & ldquobottleneck & rdquo substratosfer terbang, Allen menerangkan. Ini kerana, dalam jangkauan tinggi itu, terdapat begitu banyak manifestasi elektrik yang pelik.

Kemampuan manusia untuk mencapai standard adalah satu lagi kesukaran, yang mana juruterbang Boeing membantu menyelesaikan Tentara.

Menghalau nitrogen dari darah

Mereka memiliki ruang strato sendiri (seperti Lockheed untuk juruterbangnya yang terbang P-38 dengan pendakian tinggi).

Sebelum penerbangan sejauh 35,000 kaki atau lebih, kru kejuruteraan mesti memakai peralatan lengkap, termasuk pakaian bertekanan dan topeng oksigen, dan, semasa menghirup oksigen, mesti bersenam selama 45 minit.

Dengan cara itu, nitrogen diusir keluar dari aliran darah, kerana reaksi nitrogen dalam darah yang menimbulkan embolisme kawasan, kepada selebaran ketinggian apa & lengkungan & rdquo kepada penyelam laut dalam.

Jabatan Allen & rsquos juga telah membuat peta pelayaran dan prestasi terperinci, dari mana seorang juruterbang pengangkut komando pengangkutan udara tentera udara tentera dapat mengetahui jumlah bahan bakar yang diperlukan untuk menerbangkan Benteng dari San Francisco ke Hawaii di bawah keadaan cuaca, beban, kelajuan pelayaran, dan lain-lain & mdash dan bahkan dapat mengetahui sejauh mana dia dapat sekiranya satu atau dua enjin mesti keluar. Penerbangan ujian kejuruteraan berterusan sepanjang masa.

Pada masa ini, Eddie, Allen dan pegawainya memiliki tiga pesawat yang diarahkan oleh A A F untuk tujuan tersebut. Satu pesawat digunakan semata-mata untuk ujian pencucuhan pada ketinggian 35,000 kaki dan lebih tinggi, ujian yang boleh mengakibatkan pemasangan standard di semua pesawat ketinggian tinggi A A F. Dua yang lain dikhaskan untuk ujian prestasi pada peralatan dan pemasangan yang diminta tentera.


Kandungan

Sekitar tahun 1938, Jeneral Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, ketua Kor Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat, semakin bimbang akan kemungkinan perang di Eropah dan Pasifik. Berharap untuk bersiap sedia untuk keperluan jangka panjang Korps Udara, Arnold mewujudkan jawatankuasa khas yang dipengerusikan oleh Brigadier Jeneral Walter G. Kilner salah seorang anggotanya ialah Charles Lindbergh. Selepas lawatan ke Luftwaffe pangkalan, Lindbergh menjadi yakin bahawa Nazi Jerman jauh lebih maju daripada negara-negara Eropah yang lain.

Dalam laporan tahun 1939, panitia membuat sejumlah cadangan, termasuk pengembangan pengebom jarak jauh baru. Ketika perang meletus di Eropah, Arnold meminta kajian reka bentuk dari beberapa syarikat pesawat pengebom jarak jauh yang mampu menempuh jarak sejauh 5.000 batu (8.000 km). Kelulusan diberikan pada 2 Disember 1939.

Berdasarkan reka bentuk Lockheed L-049 (kemudian diadopsi oleh Angkatan Udara Angkatan Darat Amerika Syarikat sebagai C-69), L-249 tidak pernah maju melepasi tahap reka bentuk, terutama kerana Boeing memiliki awal yang sangat baik dengan Boeing B-nya -29 Superfortress, menggunakan radial Wright R-3350 Duplex-Cyclone yang sama dengan XB-30 yang dimaksudkan untuk digunakan. Hanya model skala yang dibina. Dengan mempertahankan sayap dan permukaan ekor Model 49, Model 249-58-01 memiliki badan pesawat baru dengan hingga enam menara pistol (satu di hidung, dua di atas dan dua di bawah badan pesawat, dan satu di ekor ) menempatkan sepuluh senapang berkaliber .50 — dikembar di setiap menara untuk penempatan hidung, punggung, dan ventral dan satu meriam 20 mm untuk posisi pertahanan ekor. Teluk bom ventral untuk menampung lapan bom 2.000 lb (910 kg).


Boeing B-17F Alabama Exterminator II - Sejarah


Surat pegawai yang disensor sendiri dari Kapten Harry L. Strong - Pegawai Penyelamat di Bluie West 1 (22.8.1943).
Kapten Harry L. Strong adalah sebahagian daripada pasukan Kolonel Balchen yang menyelamatkan anak kapal terakhir & quotPN9E & quot.

Tarikh Lokasi Kapal terbang Catatan 9.5.1942 65.40 N - 37.40 W Lockheed B-34 Ventura

Penerbangan feri Tentera Udara Diraja dari BW1 ke Iceland, kembali ke Greenland dan terhempas mendarat di Angmagsalik. Galeri 26.6.1942 68.42 N - 52.50 W Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress
(41-9108)
& quotAlabama Pembasmi & quot

BOLERO: Salah satu daripada tiga pesawat B-17 dari 342 Kumpulan Pengebom Skuadron ke-97 yang terbang dari Teluk Goose ke BW8, pendaratan kecemasan berhampiran Egedesminde kerana cuaca buruk di BW8. Galeri 27.6.1942 65.47 N - 49.48 W Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress
(41-9032)
& quotMy Gal Sal & quot

BOLERO: Salah satu daripada tiga pesawat B-17 dari 342 Kumpulan Bombardment Squadron ke-97 yang terbang dari Goose Bay ke BW8, mendarat darurat pada aplikasi icecap. 125 km. selatan pangkalan. Galeri

BOLERO: Salah satu daripada tiga pesawat B-17 dari 342 Kumpulan Pengebom Skuadron ke-97 yang terbang dari Teluk Goose ke BW8, pendaratan kecemasan di perairan berhampiran Narssaq.

Pesawat dari Greenland Base Command di BW1, aplikasi pendaratan kecemasan. 40 timur laut dari pangkalan.

15.7.1942 65.20 N - 40.20 W Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress
(41-9101)
& quotBerat Besar & quot

Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress
(41-9105)
& quotDo-Do & quot

Petir Lockheed P-38F (41-7560)

Petir Lockheed P-38F (41-7583)

Petir Lockheed P-38F (41-7616)
& quotPuteri & quot

Petir Lockheed P-38F (41-7623)

Petir Lockheed P-38F (41-7626)
& quotSusie-Q & quot

Petir Lockheed P-38F (41-7630)

BOLERO: Pada 14 Julai dua penerbangan pergerakan BOLERO kedua: & quot; Tomcat Yellow & quot dan & quot & Tomcat Green & quot masing-masing terdiri daripada satu B-17E dari 97th Bomber Group dan tiga P-38F Skuadron Fighter ke-94 meninggalkan BW8 untuk Meeks Field di Iceland. Kerana kesalahan navigasi penerbangan sesat dan setelah 8 jam dalam cuaca buruk, penerbangan cuba kembali ke pangkalan Greenland. P-38F kehabisan bahan bakar dan ketua bahagian Letnan Brad McManus memutuskan untuk mendarat di icecap sementara mereka masih berkuasa. Semua 8 kapal terbang membuat aplikasi pendaratan kecemasan. 28 batu dari pantai di Kj ge Bugt. Galeri


Petir di BW1

5.11.1942 61.57 N - 42.10 W Douglas C-53 Skytrooper
(42-1569) Crash mendarat di icecap dalam penerbangan dari Iceland ke BW1 9.11.1942 65.15 N - 41.25 W Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress
(42-5088)
& quotPN9E & quot

Tentera A.S. B-17, dengan kru sembilan, sedang mencari C-53 yang hilang di atas topi ais Greenland. Hampir dua jam ke dalam misi, ketika melewati beberapa cuaca mendung, B-17F membelok ke kiri dan sementara di giliran sayap kiri menyerang bahagian atas glasier menyebabkannya terhempas. Galeri

Penerbangan feri RCAF RAF Boston dari Goose Bay ke Brittan melalui BW1. Pendaratan darurat di penutup ais kerana cuaca buruk di BW1. Galeri

LT Pritchard dan ahli radio, RM1 Bottoms, meninggalkan CGC Northland di amfibi Duck mereka untuk mencari dan membantu anak kapal B-17F yang jatuh. Mereka berjaya menempatkan anak kapal, mendarat dan menerbangkan dua orang yang selamat kembali ke pemotong. Keesokan harinya mereka kembali ke lokasi nahas B-17 dan memulihkan salah seorang anak kapal sebelum cuaca yang semakin buruk memaksa mereka untuk pergi. Dalam kabut lebat, pesawat itu menyerang glasier, menewaskan ketiga-tiganya di atas kapal. Galeri

2 pesawat dari 437 Sqdn ke-319 Bombardment Group kedua-duanya hilang semasa penerbangan dari BW1 ke Iceland. Di topi ais atau di Selat Denmark?

Pesawat dari Maritime Central Airways, Kanada. Mengambil bahagian dalam menyelamatkan krew & quotPN9E & quot. Mendarat di atas es laut berhampiran Angmagsalik semasa penerbangan dari BW1 ke BE2. Galeri

Catalina dari VPB 126 - nahas mendarat di penutup ais semasa penerbangan dari Ivigtut ke BW1. Galeri

2 pengebom peronda Tentera Udara Diraja hilang di selatan Cape Farwell setelah berhenti semalam di BW1. Lokasi tidak diketahui - mungkin hilang di penutup ais.

Catalina dari VPB 126 dalam perjalanan Argentia ke BW1. Hit gunung timur laut Julianeh b. Galeri

Terhempas di pulau Igdlutalik di Skovfjord semasa penerbangan dari BW1 ke Goose Bay.

Pengebom peronda Mitchell B-25 dalam penerbangan feri dari BW1 ke Iceland. Tembakan mendarat di pinggir Lindenows Fjord setelah dipaksa oleh kekurangan gas dan jarak pandang sifar


Kandungan

Suntingan Tentera Udara Kelima

Sebelum Serangan Jepun di Pearl Harbor pada hari Ahad, 7 Disember 1941, Kumpulan Bombardment ke-19 mempunyai 35 B-17 di Filipina. Menjelang 14 Disember, hanya 14 yang tinggal. Bermula pada 17 Disember, B-17 yang masih hidup yang berpusat di sana mula dievakuasi ke selatan ke Australia, dan kemudian dihantar ke Singosari Airfield, Jawa di Hindia Belanda (Indonesia moden) pada 30 Disember 1941.

Kumpulan Bomba ke-7 pada awalnya dijadwalkan untuk memperkuat Filipina pada bulan Disember 1941 dari Fort Douglas, Utah, dan eselon darat telah ditinggalkan dengan kapal dari San Francisco. Pearl Harbour Attack yang tidak dijangka menyebabkan eselon darat dikembalikan ke Amerika Syarikat dan eselon udara tetap berada di Hamilton Field, California, terbang rondaan antisubinari di Pantai Barat di sepanjang Lautan Pasifik. Skuadron Bom ke-9 dikerahkan ke Pasifik Barat Daya pada pertengahan Disember, melakukan perjalanan jauh dengan terbang ke timur melalui Florida, Brazil, melintasi Lautan Atlantik Selatan ke Afrika tengah kemudian ke Timur Tengah. Unit ini berlanjutan di sekitar pantai utara Lautan Hindi melalui Arabia ke Karachi, India melalui Singapura ke Singosari Airfield di Jawa, bergabung dengan BG ke-19 pada 14 Januari.

Kedua-dua unit tersebut akan tetap berada di Jawa hingga Mac 1942, mengambil bahagian dalam usaha berani, tetapi akhirnya sia-sia, untuk mempertahankan Filipina di semenanjung Bataan dan kubu pulau Corregidor, bersama dengan jajahan Belanda di Asia Tenggara Hindia Belanda. B-17 tidak pernah hadir dalam jumlah yang cukup banyak untuk membuat perbezaan nyata, bagaimanapun, dalam perjalanan kempen ini. BG ke-19 mengundurkan diri ke Australia bersama B-17 yang terselamat dari Skuadron Bom ke-9, yang dilengkapkan semula dengan Liberator B-24 di India sebagai sebahagian daripada Tentera Udara Kesepuluh. Sembilan dari mereka yang selamat akhirnya dihantar ke Timur Tengah pada bulan Julai untuk mempertahankan Mesir dari Kor Afrika Jerman yang maju di Afrika Utara.

BG ke-19 menerima beberapa pesawat pengganti dan disertai oleh Kumpulan Bom 43d di Australia pada bulan Mac. Kedua-dua unit mengambil bahagian dalam kempen di Papua New Guinea, sebelum BG ke-19 dipindahkan kembali ke Amerika Syarikat pada akhir 1942, memindahkan asetnya ke 43d. BG 43d terbang misi tempur dengan B-17 hingga Ogos 1943, ketika mereka digantikan oleh B-24.

Menerima B-17Bs di Langley Field, Virginia, Jan 1941 (USAAC) rondaan Pantai Flew, Jan 1941 - Februari 1942 di bawah Tentera Udara Pertama (USAAC) Diterapkan ke Australia, Mar 1942 dengan B-17Es Dikendalikan dari Australia, New Guinea, Mar 1942 - Ogos 1943 63d Skuadron Bombardment Squadron 64th Squadron 65th Bombardment Squadron 403d Squadron Bombardment Ditukar kepada B-24 Liberators, Ogos 1943

Catatan * Kakitangan skuadron tidak diperlukan untuk operasi penerbangan yang dipindahkan ke Komando V Interceptor, 24 Disember 1941. Berjuang sebagai infanteri semasa Pertempuran Bataan.

Catatan ** Dibentuk dengan pesawat dan personel BG B-17E ke-7 yang tiba di Australia, Mar 1942 dan 10 Kumpulan B-17E Sierra Bombardment, tiba di Australia pada 20 Januari.

Edit Tentera Udara Keenam

Kira-kira tiga puluh B-17 (B / D / E / F) berkhidmat di Komando Udara Caribbean dan Antillen semasa Perang Dunia II, yang pertama (B-17D 40-3058) tiba di Zon Terusan Panama pada bulan Mac 1941. Namun, biasanya kurang sepuluh beroperasi pada satu-satu masa. Mereka kebanyakannya R- (Terhad dari pertempuran) RB-17B dan D yang ditempatkan di Río Hato Field, tetapi ada di Albrook Field. Kemudian model E dan F yang tidak lagi sesuai untuk latihan diperoleh sebagai pesawat pengganti. Ada yang berpusat di Waller Field, Trinidad. B-17 digunakan untuk rondaan antisubin kapal jarak jauh di atas pendekatan Caribbean, Atlantik Selatan dan Pasifik Timur ke Terusan Panama, dan untuk penerbangan pengangkutan jarak jauh ke Ekuador, Peru, Guyana Britain dan Brazil. Sebagai tambahan kepada Angkatan Udara Keenam B-17, Benteng pemetaan foto F-9 dari Kumpulan Fotografi Pertama sering berada di AOR komando, serta di Amerika Selatan dalam misi tinjauan udara dan pemetaan.

Padang Albrook, Zon Terusan, 1941 - Jul 1943 Skuadron Bombardment ke-44 ditugaskan untuk Latihan Peralihan B-29, Jul 1943

Edit Tentera Udara Ketujuh / Ketiga Belas

B-17 adalah untuk mencapai rasa pertarungan pertamanya semasa Pearl Harbor Attack, ketika Kumpulan Bombardment ke-5 yang berpusat di Hickam Field, Hawaii mempunyai 12 B-17D yang diparkir di tanjakan. Lima dari B-17 ini musnah, dan lapan yang rosak dalam serangan itu. Pada 7 Disember, Skuadron Pengintai ke-38 (Berat), Kumpulan Pengebom ke-11, dengan empat B-17C dan dua B-17E baru masuk dari Hamilton Field, California ke Hickam dalam perjalanan ke Filipina untuk memperkuat pasukan Amerika di sana. Mereka tiba di Hickam di puncak serangan. Satu musnah, tiga yang lain rosak teruk. Tinggal di Hawaii selepas serangan itu, pada bulan Jun 1942, B-17 dari Kumpulan Bom ke-5 dan ke-11 digunakan dalam Pertempuran Midway, tetapi dengan sedikit keberkesanan.

Kedua-dua Kumpulan Bombardment ke-5 dan ke-11 bergabung dengan Tentera Udara Ketiga Belas pada tahun 1942 dan mengambil bahagian dalam kempen Amerika di Pasifik barat daya, bertempur semasa berkempen di Kepulauan Solomon (termasuk pertempuran untuk Guadalcanal) dan kempen kembali ke Filipina. Pada pertengahan tahun 1943 kedua-dua unit telah menggantikan B-17 mereka dengan B-24 Liberators

Edit Tentera Udara Kelapan

Merupakan pengendali utama B-17 Flying Fortresss di teater tempur luar negara semasa Perang Dunia II. B-17 mungkin pertama kali melihat pertempuran di tanda Amerika di Filipina, tetapi ia akan mendapat ketenaran yang bertahan lama dengan Angkatan Udara Kelapan, yang berpusat di England dan bertempur melawan Eropah yang Diduduki. Kisah B-17 akan menjadi kisah Komando Pengebom VIII (kemudian Angkatan Udara Kelapan) kempen pengeboman berat Teater Operasi Eropah (ETO) semasa Perang Dunia II

Pada mulanya dilengkapi dengan B-17E pada tahun 1942, Angkatan Udara Kelapan menerima B-17F pada Jan 1943 dan B-17G pada bulan November 1943. Benteng Terbang digunakan dalam operasi pengeboman strategik jarak jauh di Eropah yang Diduduki dan Jerman Nazi, Ogos 1942 - Mei 1945 menyerang sasaran tentera, pengangkutan dan perindustrian musuh sebagai sebahagian dari serangan udara Amerika Syarikat terhadap Nazi Jerman.

Suntingan Tentera Udara Kedua Belas / Kelima Belas

Walaupun kurang penting daripada B-24 Liberator di Teater Operasi Mediterranean (MTO), enam Kumpulan B-17 bertugas di Afrika Utara dan Itali, dua daripadanya berkhidmat dari tahun 1942 hingga akhir perang. Dua kumpulan B-17E (ke-97 dan ke-301) dikerahkan ke Maghribi dan Algeria dari Komando Pengebom VIII di England pada bulan November 1942. Ini adalah dua unit B-17 yang paling berpengalaman, dan keberangkatan mereka dari England memperlambat pengembangan Air Kelapan Force ofensif. Kemudian, dua kumpulan Komando Bomber II yang baru dilatih (2d, 99th) dikerahkan dari Amerika Syarikat. Keempat kumpulan B-17E membentuk komponen pengebom berat Komando Bomber XII (dan Tentera Udara Strategik Afrika Barat Laut).

Di Afrika Utara Flying Fortresses digunakan untuk menentang sasaran ketenteraan Jerman dan Itali di Algeria dan Tunisia, dan untuk menyerang perkapalan Jerman di Mediterranean. Flying Fortresses mengambil bahagian dalam pengeboman kubu kuat Pantelleria Itali, pencerobohan Sicily dan pencerobohan Itali.

Setelah Sekutu ditubuhkan dengan kuat di daratan Itali, skuadron B-17 berpindah Itali, bergabung dengan Tentera Udara Kelima Belas pada bulan November 1943 dan ditingkatkan menjadi B-17G. Mereka bergabung dengan dua kumpulan lagi (463d, 483d) pada musim bunga 1944, menjadikan jumlah keseluruhan menjadi enam. Di puncak mereka terdapat 669 kru B-17 yang ditempatkan di teater Mediterranean. Dari pangkalan di sekitar Foggia, Benteng-benteng tersebut melakukan pengeboman strategik jarak jauh terhadap sasaran ketenteraan, pengangkutan dan perindustrian musuh di Balkan, Itali, Austria, Perancis dan Jerman selatan sebagai bagian dari serangan udara Amerika Syarikat terhadap Nazi Jerman. B-17 juga digunakan dalam misi taktikal, menyokong kempen Tentera Kelima di Itali sendiri, yang paling terkenal mengebom biara di Monte Cassino, dan juga mengambil bahagian dalam pencerobohan di selatan Perancis.

Tentera Darat AS, Tentera Udara Timur Tengah (USAMEAF) / Tentera Udara Kesembilan Sunting

USAMEAF adalah sebuah organisasi sementara yang dibentuk di RAF Lydda, BritishPalestine pada 1 Julai 1942. Ia terdiri daripada sembilan B-17E dan sembilan belas B-24 Liberator yang sebelumnya terdiri dari Skuadron Pengebom ke-9 dan Pengintai ke-88, Kumpulan Pengebom ke-7 yang tiba dari Lapangan Terbang Allahabad, India ke menolong Angkatan Inggeris di Mesir setelah Jeneral Erwin Rommel memajukan Afrika Corps menuju Terusan Suez. Pesawat B-17 yang dipindahkan ke Timur Tengah adalah pesawat yang lebih tua yang melarikan diri dari Filipina atau dihantar dari Amerika Syarikat pada bulan Januari 1942 yang telah bertempur di Hindia Belanda dengan Tentera Udara Kelima. Mereka akan diatur ke dalam Kumpulan Pengeboman Sementara 1 pada 20 Julai. Itu adalah inti dari apa yang akhirnya menjadi Kumpulan Pengebom ke-376, Angkatan Udara Kesembilan, yang dipindahkan ke RAF Abu Sueir, Mesir pada 12 November.

B-17 akan diterbangkan dalam misi tempur dari RAF Lyddia dan RAF El Fayid, Mesir, menyerang pelabuhan di Tobruk, Libya tujuh kali dengan serangan siang dan malam sepanjang bulan Julai, terus menyerang kapal pelabuhan dan mengganggu kawasan simpanan Axis. Dipercayai bahawa Benteng-benteng itu dihantar ke Pangkalan Udara Tentera Gura rahsia, Eritrea (Projek 19) 15 ° 1′13.764 ″ N 39 ° 02′7.62 ″ E / 15.02049000 ° N 39.0354500 ° E / 15.02049000 39.0354500 pada bulan Ogos untuk penyelenggaraan peringkat depot, yang tidak mungkin dilakukan di pangkalan Britain dan yang ditangguhkan sejak awal perang pada bulan Disember.

B-17E tidak akan terlibat dalam pertempuran lagi hingga pertengahan Oktober, ketika serangan di Tobruk bermula lagi pada 12 Oktober, dan menyerang jalan pesisir dekat Bardia, Libya pada 20 Oktober setelah misi menentang Tobruk dibatalkan kerana ditutupi awan. Mereka juga terlibat dalam menyerang kemudahan pelabuhan dan sasaran angkatan laut Axis di Crete dan Benghazi, Libya yang melaluinya bekalan Afrika Korps. B-17 membuat serangan terakhir terhadap pemasangan di Sousse, Tunisia sebelum dikeluarkan dari perkhidmatan barisan hadapan dengan kedatangan unit B-24 dan B-25 yang lebih baru dari Amerika Syarikat.


41-9023

Photo taken on or before August 16, 1942 showing the normal crew assigned to B-17E YANKEE DOODLE (41-9023) plus its Squadron Commander, Captain R. E. Flack. Top Row Left-to-Right: 2nd Lt. James W. Dunn (Navigator) 2nd Lt. Carl E. Schultz (Bombardier) Capt. Rudolph E. Flack (414th CO & Pilot) 2nd Lt. John R. Dowswell (Pilot) 2nd Lt. William A. Hadden (Copilot). Bottom Row Left-to-Right: S-Sgt. Edwin N. Breedlove (Radio & Waist Gunner) Sgt. Ernest B. Clark (Ball Turret Gunner) S-Sgt. Paul W. Haygreen (Engineer & Top Turret Gunner) Sgt. Raymond C. Lewis (Tail Gunner) Sgt. Frank Hayes (Waist Gunner) Sgt. Shiller Cohen (Photographer). Refer to https://www.facebook.com/Untold-Stories-of-Colonel-Rudy-Flack-302118180261150/ to follow the latest updates, which includes lots of details about the 414th Bomb Squadron primarily from February 1942 thru February 1943.

Ground personnel of the 97th Bomb Group reservice a B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 41-9023) nicknamed "Yankee Doodle", following the raid on Rouen. Gambar dicetak pada bahagian belakang: 'Associated Press.' [stamp], 'Passed for Publication 18 Aug 1942.' [stamp], 'Air=SER (Boeing).' [written annotation] and '216112.' [Censor no.] Printed caption on reverse: 'U.S FLYING FORTRESSES RAID ROUEN IN DAYLIGHT. Associated Press Photo Shows: No sooner had one of the huge Fortresses landed after the raid than ground crew immediately began reservicing it ready for the next job.'

Yankee Doodle 41-9023 LG-X with Engine Mechanics 2nd Mission

Scanned copy of original Loading List (operational FLIGHT REPORT) for the B-17E YANKEE DOODLE (41-9023) for the August 17, 1942 97th Bombardment Group Mission #1. Capt. Rudolph E. Flack (414th Bomb Squadron CO and Grafton Underwood Base Commander) served as the mission commander on this flight. The following link plays a historical August 17, 1942 film clip with sound taken by the British media where Capt. Flack is introduced as the ''Commanding Officer'' for this mission by Colonel Armstrong (97th Bomb Group CO) at the 1min 15sec mark whereby, Capt. Flack stands in front of the entire bomb group to present his pre-mission briefing statement, which completes at the 1min 34sec mark: https://www.britishpathe.com/video/flying-fortresses-bomb-france/query/b17).

ENGLAND - M/Sgt Joseph M Giambrone, [ Norristown, Pa.], former crew chief of the "Memphis Belle." Sgt Giambrone is standing in front of the first Boeing B-17 Flying fortress, "Yankee Doodle," to fly over enemy territory, in August 1942. It was then piloted by Lt General Ira C Eaker. NARA ref 342-FH-3A12466-55433AC. Crew chief M/Sgt Joseph Giambrone standing in front of his charge 'Yankee Doodle' 324BS hack, formerly a war wagon for 97BG. Joe was the crew chief for 41-24485 'Memphis Belle' up until her departure for the ZI.

Two ground crew of the 92nd Bomb Group work on the tail of a B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 41-9023). Passed for publication 29 Sep 1942. Printed caption on reverse: 'United States Air Force In Britain: Riggers at work on the fin of a Flying Fortress bomber.' Print No: 223652.

A B-17 Flying Fortress nicknamed "Yankee Doodle" of the 91st Bomb Group at Bodney. Written on slide casing: 'Yankee Doodle 91 BG at Bodney, ex film.'

The nose artof a B-17 Flying Fortress nicknamed "Yankee Doodle" of the 91st Bomb Group at Bodney. Written on slide casing: 'Yankee Doodle B-17F at Bodney.'

Sergeant G.F. Murray of the 92nd Bomb Group works on the tail of a B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 41-9023) with another ground crewman. Passed for publication 5 Sep 1942. Printed caption on reverse of print: 'Training American Bomber Crews In England, Sept. 1942. Preparing for the day when the might of the American and British Air Forces will strike together against the heart of Germany are many U.S. Army Air Corps bomber crews with their giant Flying Fortresses. They are completing their training over here at airfields which the American authorities have taken over from the R.A.F. and will soon be ready to go into action alongside their comrades who are already bombing the Germans in occupied territory. This picture, taken at an American Bomber Training School somewhere in England, shows – Sergt. G.F. Murray of South Boston, Mass., at work on a huge tail fin of a Flying Fortress.' On reverse: Central Press Photos Ltd. [Stamp].

The nose art of a B-17 Flying Fortress nicknamed "Yankee Doodle" of the 91st Bomb Group.


M00-10 – JOHN P. CHOPELAS / WORLD WAR II COLLECTION

John Chopelas was born on October 10, 1923 in Dallas, Texas to Pete and Olga (Vastures) Chopelas. Both of his parents were Greek immigrants with his father coming from Megalopolis, Greece and his mother from Yeraki, Greece. John was one of six children, and he lost a nineteen-year-old brother who was killed in World War II in Bougainville while serving with the 182nd Infantry of the American Division.

He was educated in Dallas and Lubbock, Texas before moving to Waco, Texas where he graduated from high school in 1941. He was living in Levelland, Texas with his mother when Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japan.

John enlisted in the Army Air Force at age 18 on January 1, 1942. He took basic training at Sheppard Field, Wichita Falls, TX. He attended six months of radio-operator school at Scott Field, Illinois. His Preflight Pilot Cadet training was at Maxwell Field, Alabama, and Primary Flight training at Union City, Tennessee. He soloed in a PT-17 Stearman “Kaydet” before “washing out.” He was then assigned to gunnery school in Las Vegas, Nevada, and to a crew at Salt Lake City, Utah. He received combat phase training at Rattlesnake Field, Pyote, Texas.

John and his fellow crew members flew the northern route to England via Kearney, Nebraska Grenier field, Manchester, New Hampshire Presque Isle, Maine Goose Bay, Labrador Keflavik, Iceland and Prestwick, Scotland. Their plane became lost over northern Scotland during stormy weather and they were rescued by a Spitfire piloted by a Polish refugee who guided their B-17 to a Royal Air Force Base at Peterhead. John’s duty station was the 452nd Bomb Group (H), 728th Squadron at Deopham Green near Norwich, Norfolk, England.

Five of the ten-member crew of John’s B-17 completed their missions over enemy occupied Europe with John flying 33. Two of John’s crew were killed in action, one became a prisoner-of-war when shot down flying with another crew (Easter Sunday, 1944). One was grounded due to flak wounds and one because of an emotional breakdown after a crash-landing.

John returned to the United States in September, 1944, aboard the Queen Mary. The VIP passenger on the Queen Mary during this voyage was Winston Churchill. Prime Minister Churchill was on his way to meet with President Roosevelt. John disembarked the Queen Mary in New Jersey and served at several bases including Scott Field Langley Field, Virginia Sioux Falls, South Dakota and back to Scott Field before going to Boca Raton, Florida, his final assignment. He was discharged from the Army Air Force on September 30, 1945 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas.

While in the service of his country John was awarded the Air Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the Purple Heart, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Campaign Medal with three Bronze Stars, and the Russian Medal for participating in one of the shuttle missions to that country and a certificate of “thanks” from France for contributing to the liberation of that country.

In the spring of 1946 John shipped out to Greece as an “animal tender” on the Park Victory, with a load of Mexican Mules to replace the depleted livestock of that country. He entered Baylor University in the fall of 1946 and later worked briefly in Sequoia National Park in 1949. John graduated from Baylor in 1950, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism.

After working for five Texas newspapers, he grew tired of the night hours and wanted to spend some time traveling by bus and train in Central America.

After he returned from his travels, he worked a year in a law office and obtained a job with the Texas Employment Commission as an unemployment insurance claims examiner. John retired in 1982 and survived a bout with prostate cancer in 1990. His wife of 37 years passed away in 1999. John keeps busy by collecting World War II Army Air Forces history and baking Greek pastries.

The John Chopelas Collection is arguably one of the best collections of World War II Army Air Forces History in existence. His collection contains primary records of hundreds of Army Air Forces personnel complete with diaries and photographs.

File 1A – 9 CD Set of John Chopelas’ W.W.II memories, original recording 1980s

File 1B – John Chopelas – Radio Operator

File 2 – John Chopelas, Radio Operator WWII – Personal File

File 3 – Letters to his Sister, Mary, 1942-1943

File 4 – Letters to his Sister, Mary by John Chopelas, 1944-1945

File 5 – Returned Letters to my Brother

File 6 – Letters from an English WAC

File 8 – Basic Flying School

File 9 – Famous Flying Jackets

File 10- Map and History of the 452 nd Bombarment Group Based at Deopham, England

File 11- Flak Report and Battle Casualty Report

File 13- Leaflets dropped by American Planes over Germany during WWII Orders Specific Missions

File 14- Officers and Cadets of the 67 th AAFFTD Leaflets dropped by Americans

File 15- Information on Bomb Runs

File 16- Miscellaneous Items

File 18- The American Battle Monuments Commission – Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial and Cambridge American Cemetery

File 1 – Frederick S. Barkalow, Master Sergeant – Twenty Seventh Troop Carrier Sqdn.

File 2 – Nicholas J. Bouras – Bombardier Navigator

File 3 – David Brown (Grandfather, Bombardier)

File 4 – Quentin Brown – Bombardier

File 5 – William George Elden – Bombardier

File 6 – Richard Gossard – Bombardier, B-24 Crew

File 7 – Robert Graves – Bombardier

File 8 – Charles H. Keutman, Bombardier 460 th Bomb Group and POW – Wartime Biography

File 9 – Bud Lembke – Bombardier

File 10- Correspondence concerning Hebert Martin – Bombardier

File 11- Correspondence concerning August L. Weiss – Bombardier

File 12- James Zographos – Bombardier

File 13- Correspondence from Bombardiers – 1986-2002

File 14- Robert “Bob” Admire, Crew Chief, C-47 Serial # 43-38792 – k-k-k-katy WWII

File 15- Geroge Glawe – Flight Engineer

File 16- Ray T. Matheny – Flight Engineer

File 17- Clyde Mueller – Flight Engineer/Top Turret Gunner

File 18- Kirby H. Woehst – Flight Engineer – 1943

File 19- Top Turret/Flight Engineers Correspondence

File 20- Lawrence (Larry) O. Briggs – 452 nd Bomber Group

File 21- Ground Crew – Correspondence

File 22- Ball Turret – Correspondence

File 23- Nelson Liddle – Ball Turret

File 24- Articles concerning Top Turret Gunner/Flight Engineer

File 25- Nose Turret – Correspondence

File 26- Jim Burleson – B17 Gunner and Staff Sergeant

File 27- Michael Arooth – Tail Gunner

File 28- Chris Brassfield – Tail Gunner

File 29- David Dagles – Tailgunner WWII

File 30- Charles Hickman – Tail Gunner

File 31- William C. Kosel, Tail Gunner – 728 Squad

File 32- Coots Matthews – Tail Gunner

File 33- Tail Gunners – Correspondence

File 34- Waist Gunners – Correspondence and Media Attention

File 35- Donald C. Barcliff – Waist Gunner – B-17 WW II Story by his Wife

File 36- Carl Camp – Engineer Waist Gunner on a B-24

File 37- S. J. Maloukis Jr. – Waist Gunner WWII

File 38- Paschal H. Powell – Armor Waist Gunner (1 of 2 Survivors on “Inside Curve, B-17F 452 nd Group WWII – Oct. 12 1944

File 39- Bob St. John – Waist Gunner

File 40- Willard L. Ward – Waist Gunner Wins three Awards during Single Missions to Nantes

File 41- WWII Photo – Copied Photos of Link Trainer and Operator Instructor – 1942

File 42- Seagoing Shops Keep the B-29’s Pounding by T/Sgt. Amos Landman, 1945

File 43A- Henry Bloch (Block) – Navigator (co- founder of H & R Block)

File 43B- Bruce Clago, 2 nd Lieutenant Navigator/Bombardier and POW

File 44- Warren Franklin – Navigator

File 45- JamesW. Hill – Navigator

File 46- Robert Graves – Navigator

File 47- Harry G. Ladanye – Navigator

File 48- Alfred Lea – Navigator

File 49- Arthur Leedy – Navigator

File 50- “A golden monument to bravery” by Mary Grauer Holz, Navigator, 1996 (Lucky Lady–B17) Story of my Father Larry Grauer Holz, Navigator WWII

File 51- Father Benedict Sellers – Navigator

File 52- Squadron Navigator’s Correspondence

File 1 – Pilot’s Flight and Handbook

File 2 – The White Bean Express by Leland B. Apperson Jr. (Pilot) WWII Memoirs

1942-1946 United States Army Airforce – 1999

File 3 – Robert T. Blake – 461th Bomb Group – Pilot WWII – (6) 8” x 11” Photos

File 4 – Harry Bremner – Pilot

File 5 – Pappy Boyington’s Black Sheep – Marine Fighting Squadron 214

File 6 – Manuel Cervantes – Pilot

File 7 – Nicolas Chacos – Pilot

File 8 – 1 st Lt. James Costley, Pilot 7 th Fighter Squadron P-38 Pilot WWII

File 9 – Col. William Cox, Pilot Biography

File 10- Captain Jennings Dawson, Pilot WWII and Korean War

File 11- Diary of Joseph A. DeRidder – Pilot

File 12- Robert Dilworth – Pilot WWII

File 13- William T. Emmet – Pilot

File 14- Wayne Eveland – Pilot

File 15- Santiago Flores – from Mexico

File 16- List of Hispanic American Names of Bomb Groups

File 17- Don Franklin – Pilot

File 18- George Grau – Pilot

File 19- Robert Gray was one of General Doolittle’s Pilot on the Historic Tokyo Raid

File 20- Roy Lee Grover – Pilot

File 21- Ralph J. Hallenbeck – Pilot

File 22- Frank Hanzalik – Pilot

File 23A- Fred Hargesheimer – WWII P-38 Pilot

File 23B- Robert Harrington – “Trouble Maker” Pilot passes away – Oct. 9, 2009 – See Series III, Box 1, File 10 for Video

File 24- Col. William H. Hendricks – Co-Pilot

File 25- Robert F. Kerr – Pilot

File 26- E. Robert Kelly – Pilot WWII

File 27- Courage is the Honor – Capt. Harl Pease Story by John H. Mitchell

File 28- Eddie Rickenbacker, Pilot – WWI and II Flying Ace

File 29- Clark Rollin – Pilot

File 30- Charles R. Rountree – Pilot

File 32- Reggie Thayer – Pilot

File 33- Col. Paul W. Tibbets – Pilot “Enola Gay” WWII

File 34- 2 nd Lt. Vahl Vladyka – WW II Bomber Pilot

File 35- Robert Wilcox – Pilot

File 36- Billy Wisner – Pilot WWII – Funeral, 11/21/01

File 37- Kirby H. Woehst – Flight Engineer

File 1 – Correspondence from Pilots, 1994-1999

File 2A- Correspondence from Pilots, 2000-2005

File 2B- Correspondence form Pilots, 2007-later

File 3 – Undated Correspondence Letters from Pilots

File 4 – The Toughest Flying in the World unarmed cargo planes over the Hump – the High and treacherous Himalayas by Richard Rhodes

File 5 – “The Saga of the Rankless Wreck” by J. Ivan Potts, Jr. – 2 nd Lt. Army Air Corps B-29 Pilot (8 “Hump” trips)

File 6 – “The Hump (the high and treacherous Himalaya Mountains) by Arthur W. Sutton, Jr., Pilot

File 7 – Pilots from The All-Black 332 nd Fighter Group

File 8 – Correspondence from Pilots from 1985-1993

File 9 – Newspaper Articles concerning Pilots

File 11- P.O.W. Story Stalag Luft IV by Merle Warner

File 12- John H, Anderson – Radio Operator – “Mission #177, Berlin, Aug. 6, 1944

File 13- M. L. Ferguson – Radio Operator

File 14- Robert Mazzacane – Radio Operator

File 15- Al Winant – Radio Operator – WWII

File 16- Correspondence from Radio Operators, 1989-2003 and undated

File 1 – Correspondence to John Chopelas, 1986-1989

File 2 – Correspondence to John Chopelas, 1990’s

File 3 – Correspondence to John Chopelas, 2003-2004

File 4 – Correspondence to John Chopelas, 2005-2006

File 5 – Correspondence to John Chopelas, 2007-2008

File 6 – “Back In The Wild Blue Yonder” by Don Bedwell (B-17’s Restored) copied from Americana, Feb. 1992

File 7 – “Bushy Park, England” Article by Ewing F. Brown, June 5, 1944

File 8 – “Broken Wings: The Swiss Internees of World War II” by Hunter W. Davis, April 22, 2002

File 9 – Ernest M. Demarry (Johanna M. Krueger)

File 10- “Pyote Perspectives” by Bob Doherty – Pyote, Texas Airbase

File 11- Articles by Jim French “Queen of the Skies” and the General – Do You RememberWWII

File 12- Correspondence by Ralph Kaplan

File 13- “The Legend of Lady Moe” (Mascot of 96 th BG) by Valda Kester

File 14- American Airmen in Buchenwald narrated by Frank Lewis –P-47 Pilot 9 th Air Force 406 th Fighter Group 514 th Fighter Squadron

File 15- Letter – “An Account of things that happened in my Wartime days in combat in Europe and Korea” by Frank Lewis, Lt. Col. USAF (Ret.) Jan. 4, 2005

File 16- Frank Lewis, 406 th Fighter Bomber Group – Occupation Duty in Germany, 1945

File 17- Women Military Pilots of WWII by Frank Lewis

File 18- Wilbur W. (Bill) Mayhew – 2 Articles

File 19- From the Diary of 1 st Lt. F. Bradley Peyton III

File 20- Article – “It Was The Heavies” by Ernie Pyle – Pulitzer Prize Journalist of WWII – Normandy, June 1944

File 21- Items donated by Warren Reynolds

File 22- William A. Robertson – A Story of my Experiences in World War II

File 23- This from Col. D. G. Swinford, USMC, Ret. And History buff. You would really have to dig to get this kind of ring side seat to history

File 24A- Article – Paris to the border… The devious French Underground 2 nd Lt. Bertram R.Theiss, 92 nd BG Bombardier

File 24B- Bertram R. Theiss, Bombardier, U.S. Army Air Force, Eighth Air Force, 92 nd Bomb group, 407 th Squadron (My Story)

File 25- Brig. General James Vande Hey – Air Force WWII

File 26- Diary of Bill Weaver’s P-47 Mission

File 27- Tribute To The 8 th Air Force 50 th Anniversary by Eric Hawkinson

File 28- U.S. 8 th Air Force Articles

File 29- 9 th Air Force Article

File 30- Brief History of 316 th Troop Carrier Group

File 31- Information on 338 th Bomb Group and Aircraft “Girl of My Dreams” 44-6123 June – Aug 16, 1944

File 32- Pictoral History of 452 nd Bombardment Group

File 33- 12 O’ Clock High, Comic Book No. 1 – B-17 The Flying Fortres

File 34- Information Photos of the Flying Fortress B-17

File 35- “Lil Jo’ Toddy” B24 Bomber by Lt. John M. Wylder

File 36- B-25 Crash on Sharp Top Mountain – 5 Airmen killed – Feb. 2, 1943

File 37- Maxwell Field, Alabama, Headquarters S.E.A.A.F Training Center

File 38- “MEMPHIS BELL” Historic American WWII Aircraft Boeing B-17F – 124485

File 39- Shoo Shoo Baby – WELCOME HOME – USAF Museum Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio – 15 October 1988

File 40- Herbert Rollwage – Oberleutnant/Germany

File 41- Japanese Diary belonged to Tarea Kawauchi

File 1 – Pearl Harbor “Remembered,” Dec. 7, 1941

File 2 – Lieut. Gen. Ira C. Eaker – 97 th Bombardment Group, 400 Missions

File 3 – Article, “Retracing Their Path” over Pyrenees Mtns. – from Retired Officer Magazine, June 2001

File 4 – Glenn Miller – Army Air Force Band, 1943-1944

File 5 – Clips of “Nose Art” their Designers and Crew

File 6 – Book – Liberator Lore – Air Museum Journal – Vol. 2 Nose Art

File 7 – Information on Plane Names

File 8 – Photos of Bombardment Planes w/Nose Art – Jack Botts

File 9 – Reprint of “The Philadelphia Inquirer” President Truman Announces Japanese Surrender, Aug. 15, 1945

File 10- Newspaper Articles

File 11- Night Fighter News Letter

File 12- Miscellaneous Unrelated Items

Item 4 – 13” x 19” Airforce Cartoons by Nancy (5)

File 1 – National WASP WWII Museum

File 2 – (Copy) Lite – Magazine Article – “Girls Pilots” – Pages 73-81, July 19, 1943

File 3 – Copy) The Retired Office Magazine – (Wings of Excellence (Women Military Aviators), Aug. 1995

File 4 – (copy) – Newsletter – Flight I – Vol. VII, No. 3 – Women’s Airforce Service Pilots WWII – Reunion, Sept. 29- Oct. 3, 2004 – July 2004

File 5 – (copy) Friends – Journal – Vol. 28, No. 1 – Flight Commemorates 38 Women Pilots who were killed in training on Active Duty, 2005

File 6 – Article – Pioneering WWII (Women’s) Pilots by Iuliana Petre Homefront Magazine, 2009

File 7 – Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony to the Air Force Service Pilots (WASP) Senate Bill 614 signed by President Obama, 7/1/2009

File 8 – Paper – “Women Military Pilot of WWII by Frank Lewis

File 9 – “Star-Spangled Girls” (Stories of Women who Served in WWII)

File 10- Women’s Air Force Service Pilots of WWII

File 11- Women Air Force Service Pilots of WWII – Susie Bain

File 12- Women Air Force Service Pilots of WWII – Deanie Bishop (Parrish)

File 13- Magazine Article – “Up Up and Away” by Shelby Jersig (Stepdaughter) of Bobbye Grain – WWII Aviator

File 14- Women Air Force Service Pilots of WWII – Jane Doyle

File 15- Women Air Force Pilots of WWII – Millie Davidson Dalrymle

File 16- Women Air Force Service Pilots of WWII – Mary Helen Fostor

File 17- Women Air Force Service Pilots of WWII – Catherine “Kay” McBride D’Rezzo

File 18- Copy – “The Wasp of World II – by Doris Brinker Tanner

File 19- DVD – “Fly Girls” The Women’s Air Force Pilots

File 20- Women Air Force Pilots of WWII – Betty Turner

File 21- Women Air Force Service Pilots WWII – Susie Marie Winston

File 1 – Book – Air Combat with the Mighty 8 th by William L. Cramer, Jr., 1993

File 2 – Book – Aircraft History Roll Call of Chanute Air Force Base Illinois 1917-1990 by Donald O. Weckhorst, Chief Historian

File 3 – Book – Air Force Colors Vol. I, 1926-1942 by Dana Bell,1979

File 4 – Book – An Airman’s Odyssey by C. Alan Foreman, 2005

File 5 – Book – 50 th Anniversary Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 1935-1985 by Peter M. Bowers, 1985

File 6A- Book – Around the World with LBJ – by Brigadier James U. Cross, 2008

File 6B- Book – The Aviation Art of Keith Ferris by Ian Ballantine, 1978

File 7 – Book – Backwards into Battle by Andy Doty – Tail Gunner, 1995

File 8 – Book – Barbed Wire Interlude by Robert W. Ludden, 1945

File 9 – Book – B-17 Flying Fortress by Jeffery Ethell, 1986

File 10- Book – B-17 Flying Fortress by William N. Hess, 1994

File 11- Book – B-17 Flying Fortress – by H. P. Willmott, 1983

File 12- Book – B-17 Flying Fortress in Color by Steve Birdsall, 1986

File 13- Book – B-17 Flying Fortress Unites of Eighth Air Force (part 1) by Martin Bowman, 2000

File 14- Book – B-17 in Blue: The Flying Fortress in U. S. Navy and U. S. Coast Guard Service

File 15- Book – The Berlin Candy Bomber by Gail S. Halvorsen, 1997

File 16- Book – Big Friend, Little Friend, Memoirs of a WWII Fighter Pilot by Richard E.Turner, Lt. Col. USAF, Ret., 1969

File 17- Book – The Bluenosed Bastards of Bodney by Robert H. Powell and Thomas Ivie 2000

File 1 – Book – Boeing an Aircraft Album No. 4 by Kenneth Munson & Gordon Swanborough, 1971

File 2 – Book – Boeing BP17 – 50 TH Anniversary Flying Fortress 1935-1985 by Peter M. Bowers, 1985

File 3 – Book – Bombers of WWII by Jeffery L. Ethell, 1994

File 4 – Book – Bombers: the Aircrew Experience by Philip Kaplan, 2000

File 5 – Book – Booster McKeester and Other Expendables by Willie Chapman, Pilot 415 th Sq., 1994

File 6 – Book – Boy at War Men at Peace – Former Enemy Air Combatants Meet to Remember and Reconcile by E. D. McKenzie, 1998

File 7 – Book – Brother Bob’s War by Ralph W. Ekwall, 2006

File 8 – Book – Burning Hitler’s Black Gold by Frank Way and Major Robert W. Sternfels, 2002

File 9 – Book – Cadences: The Jody Call Book, No. 1- Edited by Sandee Shaffer Johnson, 1983, 1986

File 10- Book – Carl Clark and The Unforgettable Takeoff by Navigator John W. Howland and Carl Clark, 1995

File 11- Book – Classy Chassy – Sleepy-Time Gal by Ian Logan and Henry Nield, 1977

File 12- Book – Combat Profile: B-17G Flying Fortress in World War 2 by Roger A. Freeman, 1990

File 13- Book – The Combat Tour by Preston P. Clark, 1991

File 1 – Book – Dear Mother and Daddy: World War II Letters from a WASP – An Autobiography by Marie Mountain Clark, 2005

File 2 – Book – Death of a B-17 by Jackson S. Wallace, 1995

File 3 – Book – Die Deutsche Luftwaffe – 1939-1945 by A. Galland , K.Ries & R. Ahnert

File 4 – Book – Donald’s Story by Sandra D. Merrill, 1996

File 5 – Book – Flying Fortress, 1985

File 6 – Book – Flying Fortress: The Boeing B-17 by Ernest R. McDowell , 1987

File 7 – Book – Flying Low by Former Lieutenant Joseph Furbee Gordon, 2001

File 8 – Book – Fubar-Soldier Slang of World War II by Gordon L. Rottman, 2007

File 9 – Book – Hell’s Angels by Steve Birdsall, 1969

File 10- Book – A History of The 452 nd Bombardment Group (H) 728 th , 729 th , 730 th and 731 st , Bombardment Squadrons, Third Edition by Marvin E. Barnes

File 11- Book – I’m Off To War, Mother, But I’ll Be Back by Wayne B. Whiting and Jerry Whiting, 2001

File 12- Book – In My Book You’re All Heroes by Robert E. O’Hearn, 1984

File 13- Book – Instructions for American Servicemen in Britain, 1942

File 14- Book – Instructions for British in France, 1944

File 15- Book – Kamikaze by Yasuo Kuwahara & Gordon T, Allres – 2007

File 1 – Book – The Last of the Combat B-17 Drivers by Col. Harold D. Weekley, USAF (Ret.) and James B. Zazas, 2007

File 2 – Book – Laughter and Tears by Captain George Rarey – Pilot of WWII 379 th Fighter Squadron 362 nd Fighter Group (Cartoon of WWII), 1996

File 3 – Book – The Life and Times af a WWII Pilot by Maj. Claud C. Haisley, 2000

File 4 – Book – My Lucky Dice by Paul Lincoln Nichols – 1995

File 5 – Book – Luftwaffe Gunnery Techniques – Valkyrie Publications – 1979

File 6 – Book – Memoirs of a Combat Airman by Ernie Neal

File 7 – Book – Missing in Action by Nick Moramarco – 1998

File 8 – Book – A Military Adventure by W. Hanes Lancaster, Jr. 1943, 1944, 1945

File 9 – Booklet – “Mission To Brux” – by Martin A. Smith, Tail Gunner – May 12, 1944

File 10- Book – More There I Was… by Bob Stevens – 1974

File 11- Book – My Thirty Missions Over Europe: The 1944 Diary of a World War II Pilot by 1 st Lt. Philip S. Jackson

File 12- Book – My Three Years by Edward Patterson – 1999

File 13- Book – On Wings We Conquer by John H. Mitchell – 1990

File 1 – Book – One Day at a Time by Joe G. Gunn, 1996

File 2 – Book – Patriots Will by Jack C. Hubbard, Major, USAF (RET)

File 3 – Book – Pedigree of Champions – Boeing Since 1916, Second Edition 1963

File 4 – Book – Letter and Book – Pilot from the Prairie by Edgar J. Allen, 2002

File 5 – Book – Pilot – Migrant Worker To Jet Pilot by Lt. Col. Henry Cervantes USAF, Ret., 2002

File 6 – (2) Book – The Planes Of The 449 th Bomb Group In World War II, 2001

File 7 – Book – Postcards from World War II: Sights & Sentiments from the Second World War by Robynn Clairday and Matt Clair, 2002

File 8 – Book – P. O. W. The Story of an American Prisoner of War During World War II by Edward A. Dobran, 1953

File 9 – Book – Pride of Seattle – The Story of the First 300 B-17F by Steve Birdsall, 1998

File 10- Book – Rattle Snake Bomber Base by Thomas E. Alexander, 2005

File 11- Book – RED TAIL Rising Above Adversity to Fly Again

File 12- Book – Remembrance of War by J. Ivan Potts, Jr., 1995

File 13- Book – Remembring the Last Ninety Years by John Wallace Etherede Sr., 2000

File 14- Book – The ROUTE as BRIEFED by John S. Sloan

File 15- Book – Scheherazade My Prince – Life and Death by Edward Patterson, 2004

File 16- Book – The School that Fell from the Sky (2) by Fred Hargesheimer, 2005

File 17- Book – Scott Field: Army Air Forces Technical Training Command

File 18- Book -The Second World War Airplane Coloring Book – Illustrated by Richard King, 1996

File 19- Book – The Secret of ANZIO BAY – A True story of an American Fighter Pilot in World War II Italy – by Lt. Michael Mauritz, 2002

File 20- Book – Secret Weapons of World War II by William B. Breuer

File 21- Book – Serenade to the Big Bird by Bert Stiles, 1947

File 22- Book – STORIES of the 452 nd BOMB GROUP by the men who lived them Complied by Edward Hinrichs

File 23- Book – Strangers in a Strange Land by Hans-Heiri Stapfer, 1988

File 24- Book – Strangers in a Strange Land: Vol. II Escape to Neutrality by Hans-Heiri Stapfer/Gino Kunzle, 1992

File 1 – Book – Straight And Level: Growing Up in the 40’s by Jack Bott, 1996

File 2 – Book – Survival – by Alexander Gorashko, 1988

File 3 – Book – Target For Tonite by Wayne McFadden – Dec. 1990

File 4 – Book – A Texan in the C. B. I. (China-Burma-India Theater of War by 1 st Lt. Monroe S. Withers – Pilot

File 5 – Book – That’s The Way It Was – 94 th Bomb Group by Harry E. Slater, 8 th Air Force

File 6 – Book – Through These Eyes – A World II Eighth Air Force Combat Diary by James Lee Hutchinson, Ed – 2005

File 7 – Book – Time Over Target – The Story of the 9 th Bombard Division

File 8 – Book – Top Stick by Harold Jacobs, 2002

File 9 – Book – Treetop Airmen – by George C. Shelton, 2001

File 10- Book – The Troop Carries D-Day Flights by Lew Johnston, a Troop Carrier Pilot, 2002

File 11- Book – United State Air Force History by Mary Ann Cresswell and Carl Berger, 1971

File 12- Book – Ups and Down in a Flying Fortress – Were those trips necessary? by Bud Lembke, 1998

File 13- Book- Warbird Tech Series Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress Vol. 7, 1997

File 14- Book- War Memories Are Forever by Millie Jean Coppedge – 2003

File 15- Book- We’re Poor Little Lambs (The Last Mission of Crew 22 and “Piccadilly Lilly”100 th Bombardment Group Oct. 8, 1943 –by Paul M. Andrews, 1995

File 16- Book- The Wild Blue Yonder: Songs of the Air Force by C. W. “Bill” Getz, 1981

File 17- Book- World War II B-24 “Snoopers” by Stephen M. Perrone – 2001

File 18- Booklet- World War II B-24 “Snoopers” by Stephen M. Perrone, Bombardier, 2001

File 19- Book- World War II Nose Art (in color) by Jeffery L. Ethell – 1993

File 20- Book- Yesterday’s Dragons – The B-17 Flying Fortress over Europe during WWII by Abel L. Dolin – Pilot, 2001

File 21- Books – (8) Various Magazines on Planes

File 22 – 3 “The Armed Forces Song Folio – Music Book” – Volume XXV – Numbers 1, 2, and 9.

File 23 – Sheet music – “Goodbye Broadway, Hello France” – words by C. Francis Reisner & Benny Davis, music by Billy Baskette

File 1 – Video – “Behind The Wire” – Allied Airmen in German Captivity in the Second World War

File 2 – Video – B17 Story Beyond The Line of Duty – The Memphis Bell

File 3 – VHS – “Deopham Green: The Green: The Saga of The 452 nd Bomb Group, (WWII)” – copyright 2004

File 4 – DVD – “EVADE!” Evasion Experiences of American Aircrews in WWII

File 5 – Video – “Flying The Bombers” – B17

File 6 – VHS – Interview Bill Huddleston

File 7 – VHS – “The Ninth Air Force in Color WWII by Victory Films

File 8 – VHS – “Poltava – Operation Frantic” A Report to The 388 th Bomb Group Dayton, Ohio, Sept. 9-11, 2004

File 9 – 2 CD’s on “452 nd Bomb Group WWII Loading Crew List for Missions Flown “(1-250)” and “452 nd Bomb Group Associations”

File 10- CD – “Trouble maker” Pilot passes Away – A Pilots’s Story of WWII, Oct. 9 – 2009

File 1 – 452 Bomb Group Reunion – Video Cassette, 2001

File 2 – The National D – Day Memorial – Bedford, Virginia USA and Video of Memorial Day, 2001 Lynchburg, Va.


Boeing B-17F Alabama Exterminator II - History

Former Assignment
5th BG
43rd BG
403rd BS

Juruterbang Captain Willis E. Jacobs, O-417147 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) AL
Juruterbang Bersama 2nd Lt Stanley H. Sommers, O-726839 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) IL
Krew 2nd Lt Clarence R. Johnson, O-726027 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) CO
Krew 2nd Lt William S. Jackimczyk, O-790138 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) MA
Krew SSgt Eino S. Hamalainen, 7071265 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) NY
Krew Sgt Delos J. Tuffey, 6974406 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) NY
Krew Cpl Clair W. Glover, 39307060 5th BG, 31st BS (MIA / KIA) Cheshire, OR
Krew Cpl Ray Lindamood, 15070408 5th BG, 31st BS (MIA / KIA) OH
Krew Pfc Arthur L. Lemar, 32222652 11th BG, 431st BS (MIA / KIA) NY
Krew Cpl Joseph E. Hartman, 14055854 (survived) Birmingham, AL
Crashed December 1, 1942
MACR 16444

Aircraft History
Built by Boeing at Seattle. On July 29, 1942 delivered to the U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) as B-17F-20-BO Flying Fortress 41-24534. Assigned to pilot Lt. Edwin C. McAnelly. Nicknamed "Omar Khayyam".

Sejarah Perang
On September 5, 1942 took off from Hamilton Field on a ferry flight via Hickam Field then across the Pacific bound for Australia. While in New Caledonia, this B-17 was assigned to the 11th Bombardment Group. Disobeying orders, McAnelly instead flew to Brisbane, and the next day to Torrens Creek Airfield. Instead, this B-17 was assigned to the 43rd Bombardment Group, 403rd Bombardment Squadron.

When officials caught up with this B-17 and it was removed from the squadron and reassigned to the 11th Bombardment Group, 98th Bombardment Squadron. Nicknamed "The Plastered Bastard".

On October 4, 1942 this B-17 flew its first combat mission in the Solomon Islands.

Mission History
On December 1, 1942 took off from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal at 05:30am piloted by Captain Willis E. Jacobs and a crew from the 431st BS with two crew from the 5th BG, 31st BS on a photo reconnaissance and search mission over over sector 3V40 the southern end of Bougainville. The weather was reported as fair.

Returning from the mission, while flying at 17,000', intercepted by six A6M Zeros at approximately 1:00pm over Cape Friendship. The crew claimed two shot down, and that the others departed. Another seven Zeros intercepted over the northern end of Choiseul. Six circled and maneuvered out of range of the bomber's guns.

Over New Georgia, a seventh unseen Zero dove at the nose and dropped four aerial bombs that were ineffective. The same Zero continued to dive and collided with the the B-17's behind the radio compartment and broke the bomber into two pieces. The front half caught fire and all aboard perished.

Nasib Krew
The rear half descended in almost perfect equilibrium, knocking Cpl Joseph E. Hartman briefly unconscious. When he awoke, he opened the escape hatch and bailed out around 2,000' and again blacked out. Awakening again, he slipped out of his parachute a few feet above the sea, landing 150 yards off an island. Two hours later, he met friendly locals. After 67 days he was returned to his unit.

Peringatan
The rest of the crew were officially declared dead the day of the mission. They are memorialized at Manila American Cemetery on the tablets of the missing.

Jacobs earned the Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster, Air Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster and Purple Heart, posthumously.

Sommers earned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Johnson earned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Jackimczyk earned the Purple Heart, posthumously. He also has a memorial marker at Massachusetts National Cemetery at plot MA grave 21.

Hamalainen earned Silver Star, Air Medal and Purple Heart, posthumously.

Tuffey earned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Glover earned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Lindamood earned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Lemarearned the Purple Heart, posthumously.

Hartman survived World War II and continued to serve in the U.S. Air Force (USAF) serving in the Korean War and Vietnam. He earned the Silver Star and retired with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He passed away January 6, 1999 and is buried at Floral Hills Memorial Gardens in Gulfport, MS.

References
NARA World War II Army Enlistment Records - Joseph E. Hartman
USAF Serial Number Search Results - B-17F-20-BO Flying Fortress 41-24534
"24534 delivered to Cheyenne Aug 2, 1942 assigned to 43rd BG, 403rd BS at Hickam, HI Aug 30, 1942 named ("Omar Khayyam") transferred to Mareeba, Australia Sep 5, 1942, re-assigned to 11thBG, 98thBS at New Caledonia Nov, 1942 MIA on Dec 1, 1942 after sustaining a mid-air collision with Japanese fighter which cut the aircraft in two, crashed, the tail gunner baled out and was the only survivor."
Missing Air Crew Report 16444 (MACR 16444)
News Oak Leaves "Posthumous Award of Purple Heart to Flier&rsquos Mother" January 13, 1944, page 26
"The order of the Purple Heart was recently posthumously awarded to Capt. Willis E. Jacobs who lost his life on December 1, 1942. Mrs. Henry Burg of 265 Washington, the captain’s mother, received the decoration with the declaration from Washington of the official death of the aviator, just one year later on December 1, 1943, stating that all reasonable doubt of his death had vanished. Capt. Jacobs was confined in a hospital in Pearl Harbor on the day of the fateful invasion. A bomb which struck the hospital sent debris crashing through his room, covering him with plaster. He was not injured however. The battle in which Capt. Jacobs lost his life took place over the Solomons when his heavy fortress encountered a number of Jap planes and shot down four of them. The remainder disappeared and it looked like all was clear when a “suicide Jap” plane came through the clouds and rammed into the fortress. The impact, which occurred 1700 feet in the air, completely severed the tail of the fortress and all the crew were killed but the tail gunner. He regained his consciousness in time to open his parachute and landed in enemy territory, about 150 yards from shore. For 68 days he wandered about the island until finally natives aided him to return to his base. The young gunner, a native of Alabama, has written a number of letters to his captain’s mother and upon his return to this country visited Mrs. Burg and gave her the above information with the assurance that her son had certainly perished. Mrs. Burg has another son, Lester [Jacobs], in the navy, who is on the airplane carrier “Belleau Woods” and has seen action in Tarawa, Marshall and Gilbert Islands. Since the death of her son has bee ascertained, Mrs. Burg has received numerous letters from heads of the various branches of the armed forces, among them General Simpson, General Marshall and General Ulio."
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Willis E. Jacobs
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Stanley H. Sommers
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Clarence R. Johnson
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - William S. Jackimczyk
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Eino S. Hamalainen
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Delos J. Tuffey
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Clair W. Glover
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Ray Lindamood
American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) - Arthur L. Lemar
FindAGrave - Capt Willis E Jacobs (obituary tablets of the missing photo)
FindAGrave - 2Lt Stanley H Sommers (tablets of the missing)
FindAGrave - 2Lt Clarence R Johnson (tablets of the missing photo)
FindAGrave - 2Lt William S Jackimczyk (tablets of the missing photo)
FindAGrave - William S Jackimczyk (memorial marker photo)
FindAGrave - SSgt Eino S Hamalainen (tablet foto yang hilang)
FindAGrave - Sgt Delos J Tuffey (tablet yang hilang)
FindAGrave - Corp Clair W Glover (obituari, foto, tablet foto yang hilang)
FindAGrave - Corp Ray Lindamood (tablet foto yang hilang)
FindAGrave - PFC Arthur L Lemar (tablet foto yang hilang)
FindAGrave - Joseph E. Hartman (gambar kubur)
Pride of Seattle halaman 13
Fortress Against The Sun halaman 302, 392

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Tonton videonya: Cobi Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress review Memphis Belle