Halstead PF-76 - Sejarah

Halstead PF-76 - Sejarah


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Halstead PF-76

Halstead

(PF-76- dp. 1430; 1. 303'11 "; b. 37'e"; dr. 13'8 "; s. 20 k .;
cpl. 190; a. 8 3 "; cl. Tacoma; T. S-S2-AQ1)

Halstead (PF-76). awalnya ditetapkan PG-184, dibina di bawah kontrak Suruhanjaya Maritim oleh Walsh Raiser Co., Inc., Providence, RI Dimaksudkan untuk digunakan oleh Inggeris, dia diklasifikasikan semula PF-76 15 April 1943, dinamakan semula Barbados, dan dilancarkan pada 27 Ogos 1943 , ditaja oleh Miss Anna M. Pacheco. Barbados kemudian diselesaikan dan dipindahkan ke United Kingdom dengan pinjaman sewa 18 Disember 1943 sebagai sebahagian daripada kapal 21

Kelas "Koloni". Dia bertugas sebagai kapal peronda dan pengawal sehingga dikembalikan ke Amerika Syarikat 15 April 1946. Frigat itu dijual kepada Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Cu., Chester, Pa., 30 Oktober 1947, dan kemudiannya dibuang.


Halaman Salasilah Halstead dan Keluarga

Selamat datang ke Keluarga Halstead halaman di Surname Finder, perkhidmatan Genealogi Hari Ini. Penyunting kami telah menyusun senarai semak sumber salasilah ini, menggabungkan pautan ke pangkalan data komersial bersama dengan maklumat dan laman web yang disumbangkan oleh pengguna untuk nama keluarga Halstead. Sebagai sumber tambahan untuk catatan penting, dokumen asli, gambar vintaj dan projek DNA berdasarkan nama keluarga ditemui, halaman ini dikemas kini untuk menawarkan senarai terbaik untuk meneliti keturunan Halstead. Kongsi halaman ini di Twitter!


Sejarah Tempatan

Kota yang giat ini, dengan nama salah satu wartawan paling terkenal di Negara-negara timur, terletak di tebing selatan Sungai Little Arkansas, sepuluh batu di sebelah barat Newton, tempat duduk daerah.

Pada musim bunga tahun 1872, penyelesaian dibuat di sekitar tempat yang sekarang dikenal sebagai Halstead, oleh Samuel Leeper, James Popkins, Frank Brown, David Patrick dan John Corgan, yang berada sebelumnya.

Pada musim panas tahun yang sama percubaan pertama dilakukan untuk mendirikan kota oleh Kapten Sebastian, pemegang saham besar di A.T. & amp S.F. Railroad, yang membentangkan sebuah kota 1 km sebelah timur dari lokasi sekarang.

Pada musim gugur tahun 1872 Syarikat Perbandaran Halstead dianjurkan dengan H.D. Allbright sebagai presiden. Sebidang seluas 480 ekar dibeli dan pada musim bunga tahun 1873 tapak bandar sekarang dibentangkan.

Asas bangunan pertama yang didirikan di lokasi bandar telah diletakkan pada bulan Mac, 1873, oleh G.W. Sayang. Bangunan ini, setelah siap, adalah bangunan kerangka dua tingkat yang berukuran 32 x 42 kaki dan digunakan sebagai hotel, yang dikenali sebagai Sweesy House. Ia terletak di sudut 1 dan Jalan Utama.

Bangunan seterusnya di Halstead dipindahkan ke Halstead dari Sedgwick oleh O.Y. Hart dan digunakan sebagai bangunan kedai. Fred Eckert memindahkan kedai ubatnya dari Sedgwick dan membuka stok ubat pertama. Dia diikuti oleh Hall & amp Wiley dan Fred Brewer, yang mengendalikan sebuah kedai umum. Lokasi kedai-kedai ini tidak diketahui.

Pada musim bunga o 1874, John Lehman, Jacob Diedieter, B. Warkentin, Peter Wiebe, M.S. Ingalls dan lain-lain bergerak dan menubuhkan perniagaan. Dari masa ini di bandar mempunyai pertumbuhan yang stabil.

Kebaktian keagamaan pertama diadakan di Sweesy House pada musim bunga tahun 1873, oleh Pendeta John Harris, seorang Methodist.

Kebakaran bencana pertama berlaku pada 8 Mac 1879, di mana tiga bangunan diduduki oleh saudara Lehman, M.S. Ingalls dan pejabat percetakan "Zurheimath" hancur, dengan kerugian $ 7,000.00.

Sebuah rumah sekolah 26 x 36 dibina pada musim sejuk tahun 1873-74. Puan Laura Bell Walker adalah guru pertama. Bangunan ini digunakan hingga tahun 1882, ketika bangunan bata dibina dengan biaya $ 6,000, terletak di blok di mana Pusat Pembelajaran Kansas untuk Kesihatan baru kini berada.

Pejabat Pos Halstead ditubuhkan pada musim bunga tahun 1873 dan G.W. Sweesy dilantik sebagai Postmaster.

Bank of Halstead diperbadankan pada 3 Februari 1882, dengan modal dibenarkan $ 100,000. Penubuhannya adalah M.S. Ingalls, B. Warkentin, J.H. McNair, Jacob Linn, dan R.M. Spivey. Bank dibuka untuk perniagaan pada 10 Mac 1882, dan pernyataan pertama mereka dikeluarkan pada 12 Julai 1882, menunjukkan sumber dan liabiliti untuk baki pada $ 48,922.52.

Pada 12 Mac 1877, Halstead digabungkan sebagai Bandar Kelas Ketiga dengan H.H. Adams sebagai Datuk Bandar, O.Y. Hart, J.E. Ruth, M.S. Ingalls, C.S. Brown dan John Lehman sebagai Ahli Majlis dan George E. Terry sebagai Kerani Bandar. The Halstead Record yang diterbitkan oleh W.F. Walker adalah surat khabar rasmi. Pada masa ini Halstead mempunyai populasi 400 dengan satu kilang tepung, dua lif, empat kedai barang kering, dua kedai ubat, tiga kedai perkakasan, dua kedai pandai besi, dua kedai pembaikan gerabak, satu kedai penjahit, dua kedai daging, dua hotel, tiga surat khabar dan tidak ada kedai gunting rambut. Sebilangan besar warganegara adalah Mennonites dan tidak memerlukan kedai gunting rambut. Lesen untuk membuka kedai dram dikeluarkan pada 17 April 1887, pemiliknya tidak dikenali. Terdapat juga enam kedai runcit.

Rancangan untuk bangunan bandar diserahkan dan diterima. Kontrak tersebut dibiarkan pada bulan Februari kepada O.Y. Hart. Harganya $ 220.00. Dan bangunan itu siap pada bulan Mac 1879.

Pada bulan Mac tahun 1881, suatu peraturan dikeluarkan untuk mencegah anak-anak di bawah umur berkeliaran di sekitar kawasan depot atau depot dan memanjat atau mendorong kereta ke lorong-lorong.

Peraturan lain disahkan pada bulan September yang melarang buka pada hari Ahad semua tempat perniagaan kecuali hotel dan restoran untuk makanan biasa dan melarang penjualan semua jenis barang dagangan dan barang, kecuali ubat-ubatan dan ubat-ubatan dan peruntukan.

Majlis Bandaraya memilih untuk membeli satu dozen lampu jalan pembakar gas wap pada 23 Disember 1886, dengan harga $ 5.00 setiap satu, dan pada 4 Jun 1887 bon telah dipilih untuk sistem air perbandaran dengan harga $ 25,987.00.

Pada tahun 1890, Halstead mempunyai dua surat khabar: The Halstead Independent, disunting oleh J.F. White dan Halstead Tribune, disunting oleh J.C. Gaiser. Juga, di kota itu diberikan izin dari Santa Fe Railroad untuk menggunakan air dari tangki mereka jika terjadi kebakaran. Sebuah gudang juga dibina berdekatan dengan landasan kereta api.

Pada 10 Mei 1893, kota ini mengadakan hari pembersihan pertamanya, mengumpulkan sampah dan tin dari lorong-lorong. Dan penjaga malam pertama Halstead dilantik oleh J.F. Jewett pada November 1895. Pada tahun itu penilaian bandar adalah $ 113,945.00.

Dengan Dr. E.M. Hoover sebagai Walikota pada tahun 1896, diputuskan untuk mempersiapkan Riverside Park untuk mengakomodasi perhimpunan dan perkelahan awam dengan membina tempat yang baik untuk pembesar suara, menyediakan tempat duduk, air dan jalan kaki. Sebuah jawatankuasa yang terdiri daripada lima orang dilantik untuk mengumpulkan dana untuk membina sebuah empangan di seberang sungai di tepi taman, dan pada tahun 1887 dewan memutuskan untuk membina jambatan kaki di seberang sungai di atas jambatan wagon Main Street.

Majlis Bandaraya mengeluarkan peraturan untuk menutup semua tempat perniagaan pada pukul 11:00 malam. pada tahun 1889, dan pada tahun 1890 mereka membeli alat penyiram jalanan.

Dengan W.C. Hinkle sebagai Walikota suatu peraturan dikeluarkan untuk memanggil pilihan raya khas yang akan diadakan pada 23 September 1902, untuk memutuskan untuk membina dewan bandar raya baru dan menerbitkan bon tidak melebihi $ 8.000.00.

Pada 7 Mac 1907, J.C. Girk membeli kerangka bangunan di mana terletaknya gedung Palace Drug dan merobek bangunan itu dan mendirikan sebuah bangunan yang terkini.

Semua jalan masuk di dalam bandar diperintahkan diganti dengan batu bata atau batu pada tahun 1906. Pada tahun 1914 Jalan Utama dari Pertama hingga Ketiga diperintahkan untuk dibendung dan dibendung. Dan pada tahun 1920, paving batu bata diletakkan pada 18 blok. Pada tahun 1930 dibendung dan selokan diletakkan di 31 ½ blok di sekitar kota. Mereka juga diampelas.

Sebilangan warga telah membeli kenderaan pada tahun 1908 dan Walikota JD Lange melantik sebuah jawatankuasa untuk menyusun peraturan yang mengatur kelajuan mereka di jalan-jalan di Halstead. Pada tahun berikutnya, diputuskan untuk mengatur jabatan bomba dan membayar gaji untuk perkhidmatan yang diberikan.

Di bawah Datuk Bandar J.S. Eyman, J.A. Hopkins yang mewakili Arkansas Valley Interurban Railroad menyampaikan peraturan untuk franchise untuk rel kereta api tersebut dan itu diberikan. Pada tahun yang sama francais diberikan kepada syarikat Gas dan Elektrik Kansas untuk membekalkan elektrik di bandar ini.

Pada 6 Mei 1913, 55 orang menandatangani petisi untuk pemasangan sistem pembetungan yang telah diberikan, dan A.C. Moore, City Engineer, akan mengawasi projek tersebut.

Frisco House Hotel yang lama diperintahkan untuk dirobohkan pada tahun 1917. A.V.I. yang baru Depot dibina pada tahun 1922 dan trek dipasang di tengah jalan sehingga trotoar dapat diletakkan di setiap sisi.

Harta tanah Peter Wiebe, tepat di sebelah selatan Little Arkansas River dan sebelah barat kilang, dibeli pada tahun 1924 dengan harga $ 2,500. Rumah itu dipindahkan dan tanah ditambahkan ke Riverside Park.

Pada tahun 1926, francais diberikan kepada Western Distribution Co. untuk menyediakan gas ke bandar. Pada tahun yang sama J.L. "Mike" Huffman dilantik sebagai City Clerk.

Urus niaga perniagaan dari tahun 1930 hingga 1938 adalah: The City memasukkan sistem gasnya sendiri menggunakan W.P.A. buruh jam elektrik dipasang di menara siren api dan siren dibunyikan pada pukul 12:00 tengah hari setiap hari dan sebuah trak bomba baru dibeli.


264 Jalan Utama
Halstead, KS 67056
PH: 316-835-2170
FAX: 316-835-2170
e-mel: [email protected]

Waktu Musim Gugur / Musim Sejuk Perpustakaan

Isnin 10: 00-5: 00
Selasa 10: 00-7: 00
Rabu 10: 00-5: 00
Khamis 10: 00-7: 00
Jumaat 10: 00-5: 00
Sabtu 10: 00-1: 00

E-book percuma


Penerangan

Ward Halstead dan Ralph Reitan adalah pembangun Halstead-Reitan Battery. Berdasarkan kajian pesakit dengan gangguan neurologi di University of Chicago, Halstead menyedari perlunya penilaian fungsi otak yang lebih luas daripada ujian kecerdasan. Dia mula bereksperimen dengan ujian psikologi yang dapat membantu mengenal pasti jenis dan keparahan kerosakan otak melalui pemerhatian tingkah laku seseorang dalam pelbagai tugas yang melibatkan kemampuan neuropsikologi. Pada mulanya dia memilih satu set sepuluh ujian semuanya kecuali tiga yang ada dalam Halstead-Reitan Battery semasa.

Ralph Reitan, salah seorang pelajar Halstead, menyumbang tenaga dengan meneliti kemampuan ujian untuk mengenal pasti masalah neurologi. Dalam kajian yang luar biasa, Reitan mendiagnosis 8,000 pesakit hanya menggunakan hasil ujian mereka — tanpa bertemu dengan pesakit atau mengetahui apa-apa mengenai latar belakang mereka. Ini memberikan sokongan yang kuat untuk keberkesanan bateri. Reitan menyesuaikan bateri asal dengan memasukkan ujian tambahan.

Halstead-Reitan telah diteliti lebih banyak daripada bateri ujian neuropsikologi lain. Penyelidikan terus menyokong keupayaannya untuk mengesan kerosakan secara tepat dalam pelbagai fungsi neuropsikologi.

Ujian Kategori

Satu siri 208 gambar yang terdiri daripada tokoh-tokoh geometri disajikan, disusun dalam kumpulan mengikut beberapa prinsip yang mendasari, yang diminta ditentukan oleh subjek ujian. Untuk setiap gambar, individu diminta untuk memutuskan mana dari empat prinsip yang mereka yakini diwakili dan menekan butang yang sesuai dengan jumlah pilihan. Sekiranya mereka memilih dengan betul, bunyi bunyi berbunyi. Sekiranya mereka memilih dengan tidak betul, bunyi bel berbunyi. Gambar disajikan dalam tujuh ujian.

Kunci ujian ini adalah bahawa satu prinsip, atau ciri umum, mendasari setiap subtest. Nombor 1, 2, 3, dan 4 mewakili prinsip yang mungkin. Sekiranya individu dapat mengenali prinsip yang betul dalam satu gambar, mereka akan bertindak balas dengan betul untuk gambar yang tinggal dalam subtest tersebut. Subtest seterusnya mungkin mempunyai prinsip asas yang sama atau berbeza, dan individu mesti sekali lagi berusaha menentukan prinsip itu menggunakan maklum balas lonceng dan buzzer. Subtest terakhir mengandungi dua prinsip asas. Ujian ini mengambil masa kira-kira satu jam untuk diselesaikan, tetapi individu yang mengalami kerosakan otak yang teruk mungkin memerlukan masa selama dua jam.

Ujian Kategori dianggap sebagai ujian bateri yang paling berkesan untuk mengesan kerosakan otak, tetapi tidak membantu menentukan di mana masalah itu berlaku di otak. Ujian ini menilai kemampuan abstraksi, atau kemampuan untuk membuat kesimpulan khusus dari maklumat umum. Kebolehan yang berkaitan adalah menyelesaikan masalah yang kompleks dan unik, dan belajar dari pengalaman. Versi kanak-kanak terdiri daripada 80 item dan lima ujian untuk kanak-kanak kecil, dan 168 item dan enam ujian untuk kanak-kanak yang lebih tua.

Pemarkahan melibatkan mencatat jumlah kesalahan. Berdasarkan skor tradisional menggunakan nilai cutoff (skor cutoff adalah skor yang menunjukkan garis batas antara fungsi normal dan terjejas), skor di atas 41 dianggap menunjukkan gangguan otak untuk usia 15 hingga 45. Untuk usia 46 tahun ke atas, skor di atas 46 menunjukkan penurunan nilai. Reitan telah mencadangkan pemotongan 50 atau 51 kesilapan. Potongan yang disyorkan juga berbeza-beza bergantung pada usia dan tahap pendidikan.

Ujian Prestasi Taktual

Papan borang yang mengandungi 10 bentuk potongan, dan 10 bongkah kayu yang sepadan dengan bentuk tersebut diletakkan di hadapan individu yang ditutup matanya. Individu kemudian diarahkan untuk menggunakan hanya tangan dominan mereka untuk meletakkan blok di tempat yang sesuai di papan borang. Prosedur yang sama diulang hanya menggunakan tangan yang tidak dominan, dan kemudian menggunakan kedua tangan. Akhirnya, papan borang dan blok dikeluarkan, diikuti dengan penutup mata. Dari ingatan, individu diminta untuk melukis papan bentuk dan bentuknya di lokasi yang betul. Ujian ini biasanya memerlukan masa 15 hingga 50 minit untuk diselesaikan. Terdapat had masa 15 minit untuk setiap percubaan, atau setiap segmen prestasi.

Nama lain untuk ujian ini ialah Form Board Test dan Seguin-Goddard Formboard. Ia menilai kemampuan deria, memori untuk bentuk dan lokasi spasial, fungsi motor, dan kemampuan otak untuk memindahkan maklumat di antara kedua belahannya. Selain pengesanan kerosakan otak yang mudah, ujian ini juga membantu menentukan bahagian otak di mana kerosakan mungkin berlaku. Untuk kanak-kanak di bawah umur 15 tahun, hanya enam bentuk yang digunakan.

Pemarkahan melibatkan mencatat masa untuk menyelesaikan setiap tiga percubaan penutup mata dan jumlah masa untuk semua percubaan digabungkan (skor masa), jumlah bentuk yang diingat (skor memori), dan jumlah bentuk yang dilukis di lokasi yang betul (skor penyetempatan) . Secara amnya, percubaan untuk tangan yang dominan harus 20-30% lebih cepat daripada percubaan untuk tangan yang dominan, kerana manfaat latihan. Sekiranya tangan yang tidak dominan lebih lambat daripada tangan yang dominan - ia harus lebih perlahan, tetapi adalah persoalan berapa lambat - atau lebih dari 30% lebih cepat daripada tangan yang dominan, kerusakan otak adalah mungkin. Walau bagaimanapun, sebilangan orang yang tidak mengalami kerosakan otak tidak menunjukkan tahap peningkatan yang tipikal ini. Kecederaan pada lengan, bahu, atau tangan juga boleh mempengaruhi prestasi. Skor harus disesuaikan bergantung pada tahap pendidikan dan mungkin berbeza bergantung pada usia.

Ujian Pembuatan Jejak

Ujian ini terdiri daripada dua bahagian. Bahagian A adalah halaman dengan 25 bulatan bernombor disusun secara rawak. Individu diarahkan untuk melukis garis antara bulatan dengan meningkatkan urutan sehingga mereka mencapai bulatan berlabel "Tamat." Bahagian B adalah halaman dengan bulatan yang mengandungi huruf A hingga L dan 13 bulatan bernombor yang saling bercampur dan disusun secara rawak. Individu diarahkan untuk menghubungkan bulatan dengan melukis garis bergantian antara nombor dan huruf mengikut urutan, sehingga mereka mencapai bulatan berlabel "Tamat." Sekiranya individu melakukan kesalahan, kesalahan dengan cepat diingatkan, dan mereka terus dari yang terakhir bulatan. Ujian mengambil masa lebih kurang lima hingga 10 minit untuk diselesaikan.

Ujian ini pada mulanya dikenali sebagai Partingon's Pathways, atau Divided Attention Test, yang merupakan sebahagian daripada Battery Individual Test Battery. Ujian ini menilai kelajuan pemprosesan maklumat, kemampuan mengimbas visual, integrasi fungsi visual dan motor, pengenalan dan penjujukan huruf dan nombor, dan kemampuan untuk mengekalkan dua aliran pemikiran yang berbeza. Ujian tersebut dapat dijalankan secara lisan sekiranya seseorang individu itu tidak dapat menulis. Ujian Jejak Warna, yang direka untuk kanak-kanak dan individu dari pelbagai budaya, menggunakan warna dan bukan angka dan huruf.

Pemarkahan hanyalah masa untuk menyelesaikan setiap bahagian. Kesalahan secara semula jadi meningkatkan jumlah masa. Ada yang berpendapat bahawa masa yang diambil untuk memberi amaran kepada individu mengenai kesalahan mungkin berbeza-beza bergantung kepada orang yang memberikan ujian. Bagi orang dewasa, skor melebihi 40 saat untuk Bahagian A dan 91 saat untuk Bahagian B secara tradisional menunjukkan gangguan otak. Penyelidikan semasa tidak menggalakkan penggunaan potongan tradisional seperti itu, memilih julat bergantung pada usia, pendidikan, dan jantina. Sebagai contoh, satu kajian melaporkan bahawa untuk usia 15 hingga 19 tahun, waktu rata-rata untuk menyelesaikan Bahagian A adalah 25.7 saat dan masa untuk menyelesaikan Bahagian B adalah 49.8 saat. Namun, untuk usia 80 hingga 85 tahun, waktu rata-rata untuk menyelesaikan Bahagian A adalah 60.7 saat dan masa untuk menyelesaikan Bahagian B adalah 152.2 saat. Ini menunjukkan pentingnya mempertimbangkan pemboleh ubah lain ketika membuat skor.

Ujian Mengetuk Jari

Individu meletakkan telapak tangan dominannya ke bawah, jari dilanjutkan, dengan jari telunjuk terletak pada tuas yang dipasang pada alat penghitung. Individu diarahkan untuk mengetuk jari telunjuk secepat mungkin selama sepuluh saat, menjaga tangan dan lengan pegun. Percubaan ini diulang lima hingga 10 kali, sehingga pemeriksa mengumpulkan jumlah lima percubaan berturut-turut yang berada dalam jarak lima ketukan antara satu sama lain. Sebelum memulakan ujian, individu diberi sesi latihan. Mereka juga diberi rehat sebentar antara setiap percubaan 10 saat, dan rehat satu hingga dua minit setelah setiap percubaan ketiga. Keseluruhan prosedur ini diulangi dengan tangan yang tidak penting. Ujian mengambil masa lebih kurang 10 minit untuk diselesaikan.

Ujian ini juga dipanggil Ujian Osilasi Jari. Versi kanak-kanak menggunakan penoreh elektronik dan bukan manual, yang sukar untuk kanak-kanak beroperasi. Ujian ini mengukur kelajuan motor dan membantu menentukan kawasan otak tertentu yang mungkin rosak. Pemarkahan melibatkan penggunaan lima percubaan yang diterima untuk mengira jumlah rata-rata ketukan setiap percubaan untuk setiap tangan. Secara amnya, tangan yang dominan harus menunjukkan prestasi 10% lebih baik daripada tangan yang tidak dominan. Namun ini tidak selalu berlaku, terutama pada individu yang kidal. Lelaki dan orang muda cenderung berprestasi lebih baik daripada wanita dan orang tua. Tafsiran juga harus mempertimbangkan tahap pendidikan, kecerdasan, keletihan , kelemahan umum atau kekurangan koordinasi, kemurungan , dan kecederaan pada bahu, lengan, atau tangan. Ujian ini hanya boleh ditafsirkan bersama dengan ujian lain pada bateri.

Ujian Irama

Tiga puluh pasang suara non-verbal yang dirakam pita disajikan. Untuk setiap pasangan, individu memutuskan sama ada kedua-dua bunyi itu sama atau berbeza, masing-masing menandai "S" atau "D" pada kertas jawapan mereka. Pasangan dikumpulkan dalam tiga ujian. Ujian ini juga disebut sebagai Seashore Rhythm Test, dan berdasarkan Seashore Tests of Musical Ability. Ia menilai perhatian dan tumpuan pendengaran, dan kemampuan untuk membedakan antara bunyi nonverbal. Ujian ini membantu mengesan kerosakan otak, tetapi bukan lokasi kerosakan. Kebolehan pendengaran dan visual yang mencukupi diperlukan untuk mengikuti ujian ini. Pemarkahan berdasarkan jumlah item yang betul, dengan skor yang lebih tinggi menunjukkan kurang kerosakan atau pemulihan yang baik. Skor harus ditafsirkan bersama dengan maklumat dari ujian lain. Sebilangan penyelidik menganggap ujian ini tidak boleh dipercayai dan sederhana. Versi kanak-kanak tidak termasuk ujian ini.

Ujian Persepsi Bunyi Ucapan

Enam puluh suku kata karut yang dirakam pita yang mengandungi bunyi "ee" (misalnya, "meer" dan "weem") disajikan. Selepas setiap suku kata, individu menggarisbawahi, dari satu set empat suku kata bertulis, ejaan yang mewakili suku kata yang mereka dengar. Ujian ini menilai perhatian dan tumpuan pendengaran dan keupayaan untuk membezakan antara bunyi verbal. Ini memberikan beberapa maklumat mengenai kawasan tertentu kerosakan otak, dan mungkin juga menunjukkan kekurangan perhatian atau kehilangan pendengaran. Pemarkahan dan interpretasi serupa dengan yang digunakan untuk Ujian Irama. Versi kanak-kanak mengandungi lebih sedikit pilihan suku kata.

Ujian Saringan Reitan-Indiana Aphasia

Aphasia adalah kehilangan kemampuan untuk memahami atau menggunakan bahasa tulisan atau lisan, kerana kerosakan otak atau kemerosotan. Dalam ujian ini, individu diberi pelbagai soalan dan tugas yang mudah bagi seseorang tanpa masalah. Contoh item ujian termasuk menamakan gambar secara lisan, menulis nama gambar tanpa menyebut namanya dengan kuat, membaca bahan bercetak yang bertambah panjang, mengulang perkataan yang dinyatakan oleh pemeriksa, masalah aritmetik sederhana, melukis bentuk tanpa mengangkat pensil, dan meletakkan sebelah tangan ke kawasan di seberang badan.

Ujian ini adalah pengubahsuaian dari Ujian Saringan Halstead-Wepman Aphasia. Ia menilai kesukaran yang berkaitan dengan bahasa, kekeliruan kanan / kiri, dan tugas nonverbal. Prosedur pemarkahan khas tidak digunakan kerana ini adalah ujian saringan tujuannya untuk mengesan kemungkinan tanda-tanda afasia yang mungkin memerlukan penilaian lebih lanjut. Kekurangan bahasa yang halus mungkin tidak dapat dikesan.

Pemeriksaan Reitan-Klove Sensory-Perceptual

Ujian ini mengesan sama ada individu tidak dapat merasakan rangsangan pada satu sisi badan apabila kedua-dua belah pihak dirangsang secara serentak. Ia mempunyai komponen taktil, pendengaran, dan visual yang melibatkan kemampuan untuk (a) menentukan sama ada sentuhan, suara, atau pergerakan yang terlihat berlaku di sebelah kanan, kiri, atau kedua-dua sisi badan (b) mengingat nombor yang diberikan pada jari tertentu ( pemeriksa memberikan nombor dengan menyentuh setiap jari dan menyatakan nombor tersebut dengan mata individu tertutup) (c) mengenal pasti nombor “tertulis” di hujung jari sementara mata ditutup dan (d) mengenal pasti bentuk bongkah kayu yang diletakkan di satu tangan dengan menunjuk ke arahnya bentuk pada papan bentuk dengan tangan yang bertentangan.

Ujian tambahan

Sebagai tambahan kepada ujian teras, pemeriksa boleh memilih untuk menjalankan ujian lain berdasarkan kesukaran yang dialami oleh individu. Ujian yang biasa digunakan dalam kombinasi dengan Bateri Halstead-Reitan termasuk Ujian Kekuatan Grip, Ujian Papan Grooved, Pemeriksaan Dominasi Lateral Reitan-Klove, Skala Memori Wechsler, Ujian Pembelajaran Verbal California, Ujian Pengingat Selektif Buschke, Reory Auditori Ujian Memori Verbal, Uji Rajah Rey Complex, Ujian Memori dan Pembelajaran, Ujian Pencapaian Pelbagai , Inventori Keperibadian Multifasa Minnesota , dan juga Skala Kecerdasan Dewasa Wechsler atau Skala Kecerdasan Wechsler untuk Kanak-kanak. Sebilangan ujian ini memperluas langkah-langkah berfungsi dalam semakan terakhir bateri.


Halstead, Essex

Laporan parlimen tahun 1777 menyenaraikan sebuah rumah kerja paroki yang beroperasi di Halstead (kadang-kadang dieja Halsted) dengan tempat tinggal sehingga 80 tahanan. Terdapat juga pertubuhan di Hedingham Castle (65 tahanan), Great Earls Colne (42), Engain Colne [Colne Engaine] (30), Gosfield (20), Great Yeldham (20), Pebmarsh (12), Ridgewell (24), Hedingham Sible (30), dan Toppesfield (30).

Rumah kerja Halstead terletak di timur laut bandar di tempat yang sekarang bernama Mill Chase, yang sebelumnya dikenal sebagai School Lane, dan sebelum itu sebagai Workhouse Lane. Menjelang tahun 1830-an, bangunan-bangunan tersebut meliputi dapur, ruang makan, kilang, asrama lelaki dan wanita, rumah pembuatan bir, dan babi.

Colne Engaine mempunyai sebuah rumah kerja yang beroperasi pada tahun 1750-an. Pada tahun 1756, William Andrews dilantik sebagai tuan rumah kerja dengan gaji 14 s. sebulan. Rumah kerja nampaknya telah berhenti beroperasi untuk satu tempoh selama 1760-an tetapi dibuka semula pada tahun 1775. Pada tahun 1786, John Spurgeon dan isterinya mengambil alih pengurusan penubuhan dengan gaji & pound12 setahun. Sebuah rumah di sebelah barat The Green di Colne Engaine berfungsi sebagai rumah kerja paroki pada tahun-tahun terakhirnya.

Colne Engaine bekas rumah kerja paroki, 2006.
& salin Peter Higginbotham.

Castle Hedingham mendirikan sebuah rumah kerja paroki pada awal tahun 1760-an yang dianggap sebagai rumah di sebelah utara Nunnery Street .. Pada tahun 1763, tuan rumah pekerja tersebut menerima gaji & £ 18.10s setahun, dengan paroki itu juga membayar penyelenggaraan banduan.

Castle Hedingham bekas rumah kerja paroki, 2006.
& salin Peter Higginbotham.

Sible Hedingham memiliki sebuah rumah kerja pada tahun 1745, terletak di dua pondok yang disewa di Church Street. Apa yang sekarang menjadi rumah awam White Lion di Church Street terkenal sebelumnya digunakan sebagai rumah kerja.

Sible Hedingham bekas rumah pekerja paroki, 2006.
& salin Peter Higginbotham.

Selepas tahun 1834

Halstead Poor Law Union ditubuhkan pada 6 November 1835. Operasinya diawasi oleh Lembaga Penjaga yang terpilih, 23 jumlahnya, mewakili 16 paroki penyusunnya seperti yang disenaraikan di bawah (angka dalam tanda kurung menunjukkan bilangan Penjaga jika lebih dari satu):

Daerah Essex: Castle Hedingham (2), Colne Engaine, Earls Colne (2), Gosfield, Great Maplestead, Great Yeldham, Halstead (4), Little Maplestead, Little Yeldham, Pebmarsh, Ridgewell, Sible Hedingham (2), Stambourne, Tilbury-juxta-Clare, Toppesfield (2), White Colne.

Penduduk yang tergolong dalam Union pada banci 1831 adalah 15,901 dengan paroki yang berukuran dari Tilbury-juxta-Clare (populasi 236) hingga Halstead (4,637). Perbelanjaan tahunan rendah kadar purata untuk tempoh 1833-35 adalah & pound16,821 atau & pound1.1s.2d. setiap ketua penduduk.

Pada masa penubuhan kesatuan, hanya tiga paroki anggotanya yang masih beroperasi di rumah kerja tempatan & mdash Halstead, Earls Colne, dan Sible Hedingham. Ini kemudian digunakan untuk menampung kelas tahanan rumah kerja yang berbeza, dengan Earls Colne digunakan untuk orang tua dan lemah.

Sebuah rumah kerja Halstead Union baru dibina pada tahun 1838 di sebuah laman di North Street (sekarang Hedingham Lane). Ia dirancang oleh William T Nash, yang juga arkitek rumah pekerja Union di Royston, St Ives, Halstead, dan Caxton dan Arrington. Reka bentuknya untuk Halstead didasarkan pada variasi rancangan "persegi" model Sampson Kempthorne yang diterbitkan oleh Pesuruhjaya Undang-Undang Miskin pada tahun 1835. Pembinaannya berharga lebih kurang & £ 7,500 dan dirancang untuk menampung 300 tahanan. Lokasi dan susun atur rumah kerja ditunjukkan pada peta OS 1898 di bawah.

Tapak rumah kerja Halstead, 1898.

Pada tahun 1870, bangsal berjangkit ditambahkan di bahagian belakang, membentuk dasar rumah sakit yang diperpanjang pada tahun 1893 dan 1901.

Blok masuk rumah kerja Halstead dari selatan c.1920.
& salin Peter Higginbotham.

Menjelang tahun 1922, rumah kerja tersebut sudah tidak berfungsi dan dirobohkan. Pada tahun 1925, "rumah rehat" yang dikurniakan oleh perindustrian Courtauld didirikan di lokasi tersebut.

Tapak bekas rumah kerja Halstead, 2000.
& salin Peter Higginbotham.

Sekolah Perindustrian Halstead

Pada tahun 1869, sebuah sekolah perindustrian untuk kanak-kanak perempuan di bawah umur 14 tahun dibuka di sebelah timur Bois Field. Ia dibuka pada tahun 1869 dan diperakui di bawah Akta Sekolah Industri tahun 1866 untuk penerimaan enam puluh gadis, di bawah pengawasan Miss Lucy Greenwood. Walaupun tidak berhubung secara langsung dengan rumah pekerja kesatuan, premis tersebut mungkin merupakan lokasi bekas rumah pekerja paroki Halstead. Miss Greenwood juga memiliki harta tanah yang dikenal sebagai Chase, di sebelah selatan Bois Field, yang digunakan sebagai institut untuk melatih gadis-gadis yang telah menghabiskan masa mereka di Sekolah Industri.

Sekolah Perindustrian Halstead, 2000.
& salin Peter Higginbotham.

Rekod

Catatan: banyak repositori mengenakan tempoh penutupan sehingga 100 tahun untuk rekod yang mengenal pasti individu. Sebelum menempuh jarak jauh, selalu periksa bahawa rekod yang ingin anda rujuk akan tersedia.

  • Pejabat Rekod Essex, Wharf Road Chelmsford CM2 6YT. Pegangan merangkumi: minit penjaga (1835-1930) lejar (1835-1930) dll.


Kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya, halaman ini () adalah hak cipta Peter Higginbotham. Kandungan tidak boleh dibuat semula tanpa kebenaran.


Kedudukan 76 pemain teratas dalam sejarah Philadelphia 76ers

TUTUP

SportsPulse: Kami kini melepasi NBA All-Star Game dan fokus beralih ke jangka larian. USA HARI INI Sukan & # 39; Mackenzie Salmon, Jeff Zillgitt dan Mark Medina menguraikan apa yang diharapkan menuju ke playoff. USA HARI INI

The Sixers kembali dari rehat All-Star malam ini, dengan harapan dapat mengejar kedudukan di Persidangan Timur dan masuk ke posisi untuk bertanding untuk NBA Finals.

Tetapi minggu bola keranjang yang perlahan membuatkan kita berfikir. Siapakah pemain terbaik dalam sejarah Philadelphia 76ers?

Francais ini berasal dari tahun 1946, ketika Sixers adalah Warganegara Syracuse. The Nationals berpindah ke Philadelphia dan menjadi 76ers pada tahun 1963.

Selama bertahun-tahun, segelintir pemain Hall of Fame menjadikan Philadelphia sebagai rumah mereka. Tetapi dalam hampir 80 tahun, hanya ada tiga kejuaraan. Oleh itu, mencari 76 pemain teratas bermaksud mencari yang baik, yang buruk dan yang jelek.

Kami meletakkan pemain dengan mempertimbangkan beberapa faktor. Semakin lama pemain bermain dengan organisasi, semakin penting mereka menyertai pasukan. Kami mengambil kira statistik seperti win win dan Value Over Replacement Player (VORP), serta garis statistik asas. Pemain yang tidak bermain musim penuh dengan organisasi tidak termasuk.

Berikut adalah pilihan kami, dari No. 76 hingga No. 1.

76. Michael Carter-Williams

Sixers memilih penjaga dari Syracuse di No. 11 dalam Draf NBA 2013, dan walaupun dia memenangi Rookie of the Year sebelum diperdagangkan pada Tahun 2, MCW akan selalu dikenang sebagai pemain yang diambil oleh Sixers ketika meneruskan Giannis Antetokounmpo.

Nilai penuh perdagangan 2015 itu masih ditentukan.

Michael Carter-Williams. (Foto: Sukan Troy Taormina / USA HARI INI)

75. Jim Washington

& quot; Jumpin & # 39 Jimmy & quot Washington adalah lulusan Sekolah Tinggi Villanova dan West Catholic (Philadelphia) dan pilihan keseluruhan keenam oleh St. Louis dalam Draf NBA 1966 sebelum Sixers berdagang dengan Chicago untuk memperoleh Washington sebelum musim 1969-70. Washington memperoleh 12.9 mata dan 9.3 lantunan setiap permainan selama tiga musim bersama Philadelphia.

74. Ed Conlin

Conlin adalah pemain tinju Syracuse Nationals kami dalam hitungan mundur ke No. 1. Organisasi memilihnya No. 5 dalam draf 1955 setelah memenangi kejuaraan, dan Conlin akan memperoleh purata 12.1 mata, 5.9 rebound dan 2.4 assist selama tiga- ditambah musim dengan Syracuse.

73. Shawn Bradley

Trolling? Mungkin. Tetapi Bradley mungkin dianggap tidak adil sebagai bust setelah Sixers memilihnya kedua secara keseluruhan dalam Draf NBA 1993. Dia akan meneruskan kerjaya yang cukup mantap, yang merangkumi 143 permainan di Philadelphia. Musim keduanya paling mengagumkan, ketika dia memperoleh 9.5 mata, 8 rebound dan 3.3 blok setiap perlawanan, walaupun pada kelab 1994-95 yang sangat buruk.

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72. Spencer Hawes

Hawes dibawa ke Philadelphia dari Sacramento dalam kesepakatan yang menghantar Samuel Dalembert (lebih lanjut mengenai dia kemudian) kepada Raja. Hawes, pilihan ke-10 dalam draf 2007, berkembang menjadi pemain yang cukup dipercayai selama tiga tahun ditambah dengan Sixers. Garis stat per permainan terakhirnya dalam 253 permainan: 10 mata, 7 rebound, 2.3 assist, 1.2 blok.

71. Kenny Thomas

Sixers membawa Thomas dua tahun selepas mereka melangkah ke Final untuk mencuba dan kembali. Kekuatan maju kukuh selama tiga musim di Philly (12 mata, 8,7 rebound per permainan lebih dari 167 permainan), tetapi Sixers menghantarnya ke Raja dalam kesepakatan yang membawa Chris Webber ke Philadelphia.

70. Cliff Robinson

No, the other Cliff Robinson. Robinson joined the 1986-87 Sixers on a team that featured Charles Barkley, Julius Erving, Maurice Cheeks and Andrew Toney. Somehow, that club, with Robinson chipping in nearly 15 points and more than 5 rebounds per game, didn't make it out of the first round. With Dr. J out of the picture, Robinson (19 points per game) took over a larger scoring role the following year.

69. Evan Turner

It took a few years, but the Ohio State product the Sixers selected second overall in 2010 became a do-it-all point guard before Philadelphia traded him to Indiana for Danny Granger, who never played a game for the Sixers. Turner's 2013-14 season that helped raise his value featured 17.4 points, 6 rebounds and 3.7 assists per game over 54 games before the deal.

68. Tom Van Arsdale

Van Arsdale defines what it is to be a compiler. On Sixers teams that won 9, 25 and 34 games during his three seasons, Van Arsdale averaged 18.6 points and 5.2 rebounds per game.

67. Darrall Imhoff

Imhoff played just two seasons for the Sixers between 1968 and 1970, but he's among the more valuable players in franchise history. In 161 regular-season games, he averaged 11.3 points, 9.6 rebounds and 2.7 assists per game.

66. Dario Saric

Did anyone represent the end of The Process in a better way than Saric? During parts of three seasons on Sixers teams ready to turn the corner, Saric (13.5 points, 6.5 rebounds per game) became a fan favorite and reliable forward that helped bring Jimmy Butler to the Sixers for a playoff run in 2018-19.

Sixers' Dario Saric (9) celebrates a successful shot in the fourth quarter with teammate T.J. McConnell during a playoff game. (Photo: Jerry Habraken, The News Journal)

65. Willie Green

Green played seven seasons with the Sixers from 2003-04 to 2010, a stretch that included zero playoff series wins. But Green, a second-round pick by Seattle who was immediately traded to the Sixers, played 422 games with the club and averaged 9.4. points per game.

64. Jeff Hornacek

They weren't very pretty seasons, but the 1992-93 and 1993-94 Sixers paired Hornacek's sharp shooting with Clarence Weatherspoon. Hornacek played 132 games with the 76ers and averaged a career-best 18.1 points per game.

63. Robert Covington

Similar to Saric, "RoCo" became a fan favorite in Philly after the Sixers took a chance on a D-League player in the Houston organization. They built him into one of the game's more reliable Three-and-D perimeter players during five seasons. Covington was shooting 39% from deep before the Sixers traded him with Saric for Butler.

62. Chris Webber

Sure, Webber is one of the better players to don a Sixers uniform, but he was 31 and had 11-plus seasons under his belt before the Sixers acquired him in 2005. Though Webber posted numbers of 17.9 points and 9.3 rebounds per game over parts of three seasons here, his pairing with Allen Iverson didn't result in much winning. The team lost in the first round in 2005 and failed to make the playoffs the next two years.

61. JJ Redick

Redick's value to the Sixers became a little clearer after he was gone. This year's Sixers very clearly miss the spacing that Redick's 40.7% 3-point shooting provided during his two seasons with the team. The 17.6 points per game Redick had with the Sixers is the highest average in his five-team career.

Sixer JJ Redick reacts after a three-pointer late in the second half of the Sixers' 104-91 win in game five of an opening round playoff series at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia Tuesday. (Photo: William Bretzger, The News Journal)

60. Tobias Harris

Harris just reached 82 games played with the Sixers last week, and if this list is done three years from now, the hope for Sixers fans is that he'd be much higher. Philly committed $180 million over five years to Harris, who comes out of the All-Star break averaging 19 points, 6.7 rebounds and 3 assists per game.

59. Al Cervi

Cervi was inducted to the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1985. He leads the Sixers in win shares per 48 minutes. Cervi played four seasons with the Syracuse Nationals from 1949 to 1953 and later coached the team to a league championship in 1955.

58. Johnny Dawkins

Dawkins played the bulk of his career &ndash five seasons &ndash with the Sixers from 1989 to 1994. The point guard from Duke helped lead the Sixers to the second round of the playoffs in his first season and got hurt in Year 2. Dawkins averaged 10.7 points and 5.7 assists per game in 313 games with Philadelphia.

57. Jrue Holiday

Boy, would Jrue Holiday look good on this current Sixers. Philadelphia drafted the guard 17th overall in 2009, arguably one of the best draft picks of the 2000s, as he has outperformed all but three players picked ahead of him that year, according to the Value Over Replacement Player stat. The rebuilding Sixers shipped Holiday in a draft-night trade in 2013 to New Orleans after four seasons (13.4 points, 5.8 assists, 3.6 rebounds per game). They acquired Nerlens Noel and a pick that would later turn into Dario Saric and other assets.

Jrue Holiday, 76ers point guard (Photo: Sam Sharpe, USA TODAY Sports)

56. Tyrone Hill

There was never anything overly impressive about Tyrone Hill's game, but he was an important part of a Sixers team that made a run to the NBA Finals in 2001, during which his best performance came in the deciding Game 5. Hill posted 18 points and 13 rebounds in 32 minutes in the 108-96 loss. In four seasons in Philly, Hill averaged 9.7 points and 8.4 rebounds per game.

55. Ron Anderson

Anderson started in just 39 of his 393 games as a Sixer, but he was a scorer and volume shooter off the bench, averaging 13 points per game on almost 12 shots a night. Anderson played five seasons in Philadelphia, from 1988 to 1993. He missed just 17 games during that stretch.

54. Paul Neumann

Another player who was a member of both the Syracuse Nationals and Philadelphia 76ers, Neumann averaged 9 points, 3 assists and nearly 3 rebounds per game in 271 games with the organization. The point guard is probably most remembered for being part of the trade package that brought Wilt Chamberlain to the 76ers.

53. Dana Barros

Barros only played two seasons for the Sixers, and on two pretty bad teams, but his 1994-95 season remains one of the more impressive seasons in franchise history. The 5-11 point guard came to the 76ers via trade from Seattle at age 26. In Year 2, he started and played in all 82 games, averaging 40.5 minutes per game, just behind Vin Baker for the league lead. Barros averaged 20.6 points and 7.5 assists per game that year while shooting 46.4% from 3-point range.

52. Armen Gilliam

Gilliam and Barros just missed each other by a season. Gilliam, like Barros, joined the Sixers at age 26 during the 1990-91 season. The Charles Barkley-led Sixers made the second round of the playoffs that year, and Gilliam, who would play in three seasons for the club, averaged 17 points and 6.5 rebounds per game in that postseason.

51. Elton Brand

The current general manager joined the 76ers as a player in 2007 and played five of his 17 seasons with the club. He was the power forward on under-performing teams that included Holiday, Andre Iguodala, Lou Williams and Thaddeus Young. Brand averaged 12.7 points and 7.2 rebounds per game during his stint in Philadelphia. Now, he's in charge of trying to turn another team that has arguably under-performed expectations into a championship winner.

50. Wali Jones

Jones played his high school ball at Overbrook (Wilt Chamberlain's school) and went to Villanova, so it was only fitting he ended up with the 76ers via trade before his second year in the NBA. Jones, a 6-2 point guard, played for the Sixers from 1965 to 1971 and averaged 11.5 points and 3.4 assists per game over 454 games.

49. Earl Lloyd

Over six seasons with the Syracuse Nationals, Lloyd, who at 6-5 played center and forward, played in 413 games and averaged 8.3 points and 6.6 rebounds. Lloyd would go on to become the third African-American coach in the NBA when he coached the Detroit Pistons for a little more than one season. He was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor in 2003.

48. George Lynch

The three years Lynch spent with the Sixers during his 12-year career were his best years, likely a product of playing alongside Allen Iverson. Lynch was a starter in 198 of the 200 games he played with the Sixers and averaged 8.8 points and 7.3 rebounds per game as a 6-8 forward. He missed a month during the 2001 playoff run, including the first three NBA Finals games vs. the Lakers. He is now the coach at Clark Atlanta University.

No. 48: George Lynch (Photo: RUSTY KENNEDY, ASSOCIATED PRESS)

47. Mike Gminski

While not in the Basketball Hall of Fame, Gminski would likely have a shot at the Athlete Hair Hall of Fame. The 6-11 big man out of Duke played in four seasons with the Sixers from 1988 to 1991. "G-Man" averaged nearly 15 points and 9 rebounds over 240 games with Philadelphia.

46. Kyle Korver

It seemed at points this past offseason that a reunion between Korver and the Sixers was a possibility as the team looked to upgrade its shooting. What better player to do that than with the No. 2 player in franchise history in 3-point shooting percentage? Korver, who averaged 10.5 points per game while in Philadelphia, played in five seasons with the Sixers and shot 41% from beyond the arc on 1,618 attempts.

45. Lou Williams

It feels like Williams' game still hasn't aged, as he's a lightning rod of a scorer off the bench to this day for the Los Angeles Clippers. Williams was selected by the Sixers out of high school in the second round of the 2005 NBA Draft. He played his first seven years in Philadelphia, starting in just 38 of his 455 games while averaging 11.3 points and 3 assists per game. He led the Sixers in scoring in 2011-12, a season that ended in the second round of the playoffs, despite not starting a game. He'd go on to win Sixth Man of the Year in 2015, ཎ and ཏ.

44. Jerry Stackhouse

Stackhouse played the bulk of his years away from the organization so, like Webber earlier, he'd be a lot higher on the list if he were here longer. The Sixers drafted Stackhouse third overall in 1995, the year before they selected Allen Iverson. The back-court combination didn't work out, and the Sixers opted to keep Iverson and sent Stackhouse to Detroit in December 1997. In parts of three seasons (he played 18 in the NBA) with the Sixers, Stackhouse averaged 19.5 points 3.9 rebounds and 3.4 assists per game.

43. Dikembe Mutombo

His stint in Philadelphia was short (just 106 of his 1,196 career games), but Mutombo's impact was huge. The Sixers don't sniff the 2001 NBA Finals without him. Mutombo was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2015. He's one of the best shot blockers in league history.

Philadelphia 76ers' Dikembe Mutombo celebrates his team's 89-88 win over the Milwaukee Bucks' in Game 5 of the Eastern Conference finals May 30, 2001 in Philadelphia. (Photo: BETH A. KEISER/ASSOCIATED PRESS)

42. Al Bianchi

Bianchi played his entire career, 10 seasons and 687 games, with the Syracuse Nationals and Philadelphia 76ers. Those 687 games are seventh in franchise history. A point guard, Bianchi averaged 8.1 points, 2.5 rebounds and 2.2 assists per game.

41. Henry Bibby

Bibby was part of a core group of players who had a lot of success in the late 70s and early 80s. Unfortunately for Bibby, though, he didn't get to reap the benefits of the 1983 championship. Instead, Bibby was one of a few players on those teams to lose in both the 1977 and 1980 NBA Finals. Bibby, a point guard, played four seasons and 327 regular-season games plus 56 more in the playoffs with the Sixers. Bibby was a three-time NCAA champion at UCLA.

40. Derrick Coleman

"D.C." had two stints in Philadelphia, first in his late 20s and later in his mid-to-late 30s. Coleman averaged 13.9 and 8.4 rebounds over 283 games with the Sixers. Coleman was the top pick in the 1990 draft by New Jersey after winning Big East Player of the Year at Syracuse. Coleman is regarded by many basketball experts as a player who never reached his full potential.

39 Thaddeus Young

Young, now a 31-year-old veteran on a rebuilding Chicago Bulls team, played the first six-plus seasons of his career with the 76ers and averaged 13.7 points and 5.5 rebounds per game. His 516 games played rank 19th in franchise history. The Sixers traded Young to Minnesota in a three-team deal in August 2014 as they prepared to continue to lose games and acquire assets.

38. Andre Miller

Miller played in three seasons with the Sixers from 2006-07 to 2008-09 during a stretch that featured two playoff appearances and first-round exits. Most famously, he was in the deal that sent Iverson to Denver. As the point guard on teams that were led by Andre Iguodala, Miller had a few really productive seasons with the club. In 221 games (220 starts), Miller averaged 15.9 points 6.9 assists and 4.3 rebounds per game.

37. Lee Shaffer

Shaffer played just three seasons for the franchise, from 1961 to 1964, when the team moved to Philadelphia, but the 6-7 forward was their best player. During the 1963 playoffs, Shaffer averaged 27.2 points per game over a five-game series that featured outbursts of 32, 34 and 45 points, the last of which coming in a decisive Game 5 defeat. Shaffer's worth to the franchise would come when they used him as a trade chip to acquire Wilt Chamberlain from San Francisco, where Shaffer refused to report, opting to quit altogether.

36. Theo Ratliff

Like Mutombo, Ratliff is most remembered for his ability to protect the rim and block shots for nine different NBA franchises. A first round pick by the Pistons out of Wyoming in the 1995 draft, Ratliff would play the bulk of his career, parts of five seasons over two stints, with the Sixers. In 261 games, Ratliff averaged 10 points, 7 rebounds and 3 blocks per game. His injury in 2001 prompted the Sixers to trade for Mutombo.

No. 36: Theo Ratliff (Photo: Morry Gash, ASSOCIATED PRESS)

35. Dave Gambee

If we were going solely off win shares alone, Gambee would probably be 10 spots higher. The 6-7 forward out of Oregon State played in seven seasons with the Nationals and 76ers during the 60s and was very valuable, averaging 11.5 points and 5.5 rebounds over 475 games. The bulk of his production came in the pre-Wilt era. Reduced to a bench role thanks in part to Wilt's presence, Gambee was on the 1967 championship team.

34. Aaron McKie

McKie is about as Philly as it gets as far as basketball goes. Out of Simon Gratz High and Temple University, McKie played eight seasons with the Sixers and now coaches at Temple. The 2001 Sixth Man of the Year was instrumental in helping the Sixers reach the NBA Finals. That award-winning season featured 11.6 points, 5 assists and 4.1 rebounds in 31.5 minutes per game.

33. George King

King hit one of the biggest free throws in franchise history. As the story goes, time was running out on the 1955 championship's Game 7 and Fort Wayne decided to foul Syracuse's King, a mediocre free throw shooter. He made the go-ahead shot and then stole the ball away down the other end to seal the first of three franchise championships. King, a 6-foot point guard, averaged 10.4 points and 4.7 assists in 348 games with the Nationals.

32. Eric Snow

Known for his assists and steals, Snow was a prototypical glue guy for the Sixers for seven seasons. He started in 403 of his 452 games with the club from 1997 to 2004. Playing with Iverson in the backcourt, Snow averaged 9.7 points, 6.6 assists, 3.2 rebounds and 1.6 steals per game during his time with the Sixers.

31. World B. Free

Born as Lloyd Free, World changed his name a day before his 28th birthday and a few years after the first of his two stints with the Sixers. Free, a point guard, was selected by the 76ers 23rd overall in the 1976 draft. He played his first three seasons with the Sixers, averaging 13.6 points. He was a key bench player on the 1976 team that lost in the NBA Finals. Free returned to the Sixers at age 33 in 1986, but was waived after just 20 games.

30. Clarence Weatherspoon

The Sixers traded Charles Barkley in the days leading up to the 1992 NBA Draft and they decided to replace him with Weatherspoon, selecting him ninth overall after a stellar career at Southern Miss. Weatherspoon played the bulk of his 13-year career with the Sixers, playing in 448 games. He averaged 15.3 points and 8.3 rebounds per game during his time with Philadelphia, which did not make the playoffs during Weatherspoon's six seasons.

29. Caldwell Jones

After the Sixers selected Jones in the 1973 draft, the big man known as "Pops" played three ABA seasons before joining them in 1976. Over the next six years, Jones averaged 7.2 points, 9.2 rebounds and 1.9 blocks per game with the Sixers. He was named to the All-NBA Defensive Team in 1981 and ྎ.

No. 29: Caldwell Jones (11) (Photo: Steve Pyle, Associated Press)

28. Archie Clark

Clark, a big-time scoring point guard, joined the Sixers in 1968 after playing his first two years with the Lakers. The best of his three-plus seasons with Philadelphia was 1970-71, when he averaged 21.3 points, 5.4 assists and 4.8 rebounds over 82 games while playing nearly 40 minutes per game. The Sixers reached the playoffs in each of Clark's three seasons.

27. Red Rocha

Rocha joined the Syracuse Nationals in 1951 and was a big (literally and figuratively, at 6-foot-9) part of the 1955 championship team. He was twice named to the All-Star team and averaged 11.3 points and 7 rebounds over 279 career games with Syracuse.

26. Luke Jackson

The Sixers selected Jackson with the fourth overall pick in the 1964 draft and he immediately became an NBA All-Star, averaging 14.8 points and 12.9 rebounds his rookie season. Jackson played the entirety of his eight-year career and 522 regular-season games with the Sixers. He also playe din 56 playoff games and helped win the 1967 title next to Chamberlain.

25. Samuel Dalembert

You may have read through this whole list and not thought once of Samuel Dalembert, which is fair. You may think him being in the Top 25 is crazy, which is fair. But it's not crazy. Dalembert, who the Sixers took 26th overall in 2001, played in 582 games (15th all-time in franchise history) and, after missing all of the 2002-03 season with a knee injury, was super durable. His win share total mirrors Hersey Hawkins (more on him to come). He was a skilled rebounder and shot blocker, averaging 8.3 and 1.9, respectively, during eight seasons with the Sixers. He ranks eighth all-time in franchise history in field goal percentage (.527) and second all-time in defensive rebound percentage (25.4).

24. Paul Seymour

Part player, part coach, Seymour did both for the Syracuse Nationals from 1956 to 1960. During his 11-year playing career, from 1949 to 1960, Seymour averaged 9.6 points, 3.9 assists and 3.1 rebounds. He once scored 67 points in a playoff game. Seymour's 600 games played are 14th in Sixers history.

23. Steve Mix

Mix's win share number is huge, at 58.3, a testament to his longevity as a 76er. Mix played in 688 games, eighth all-time in team history. Mix, nicknamed "The Mayor," joined the Sixers in 1973 as a 26-year-old. He'd stay nine seasons, averaging 11.3 points, 5.6 rebounds and 1.9 assists per game. Mix was a 1975 NBA All-Star.

22. Hersey Hawkins

Hawkins was selected sixth overall in 1988 by the Clippers after leading the NCAA in scoring at Bradley. The Clippers traded Hawkins to the Sixers, who he played the first five of his 13 seasons for. Hawkins, a 6-3 shooting guard, was All-Rookie his first season and an All-Star in 1991. He averaged 19 points per game with the Sixers.

21. George McGinnis

McGinnis made the jump from the ABA to the 76ers in 1975 and played just three seasons with Philadelphia, where he was one of the best players on the championship-losing 1977 team. Twice an All-Star, McGinnis averaged 21.6 points, 11.5 rebounds, 4.1 assists and 2.1 steals over 234 regular-season games with the Sixers.

No. 20: Fred Carter (Photo: PRS, ASSOCIATED PRESS)

20. Fred Carter

Carter was known as "Mad Dog" during his playing days, which spanned eight seasons, six of which being in Philadelphia, his hometown. Carter once called himself the best player on the worst team in NBA history. The 1972-73 Sixers won just nine games, but Carter averaged 20 points, six rebounds and 4.3 assists that season. He was known for being versatile, capable of guarding multiple positions even at just 6-3.

19. Darryl Dawkins

Dawkins has one of the largest nickname lines in Basketball Reference's database. Of course, the most known is Choclate Thunder. Dawkins was the fifth pick in 1975. The Sixers took the 6-11 center in a historical selection. Dawkins was the first player to go right from high school to the NBA. He wanted to help his family financially. In seven seasons with the Sixers, Dawkins averaged 11.2 points and 6.7 rebounds per game. He broke two backboards in 1979, which led to the NBA changing its rims.

18. Doug Collins

Collins, who would later coach the Sixers, spent the entirety of his eight-year NBA career in Philadelphia. The Sixers drafted him first overall in 1973. A four-time All-Star, Collins averaged nearly 18 points, 3 rebounds and 3 assists per game. He played in 32 playoff games with the club and was on the 1977 Finals team. His career was cut short by injuries.

17. John "Red" Kerr

Kerr played the first 11 of his 12-year professional career with Syracuse and Philadelphia. His 834 games rank fifth all-time in franchise history. Kerr, a 6-9 center, averaged 14 points and 11 rebounds per game. Kerr held a record at one point for consecutive games played (844). He was a rookie on the 1955 championship team and averaged 14 and 11 during the playoff run. Kerr was a three-time All-Star,

16. Andre Iguodala

These days, Iguodala is making headlines as a veteran during the NBA's Player Empowerment Era that wants to choose where he plays. But "Iggy," who hates that nickname, is one of the more underrated players in 76ers history. Consider that Iguodala ranks top 10 in franchise history in the following categories: win shares (9th) VOPR (4th) defensive rebounds (5th) steals (4th) assists (6th) and others. He was a defensive stopper who was always looked at wrong because he didn't have gaudy offensive numbers, though they were still very good, on some not-so-good Sixers teams.

No. 16: Andre Iguodala (Photo: Alex Brandon, AP)

15. Larry Costello

Costello played the first two of his 12-year career with the Philadelphia Warriors before joining the Syracuse Nationals in 1957. A six-time All-Star and 1967 NBA champion, Costello averaged 12.9 points and 4.7 rebounds per game during his 10 years with the franchise. Costello later led the Milwaukee Bucks (with Lew Alcindor) to the 1971 NBA championship as a coach. He is eighth all-time in Sixers history with 2,901 assists and 11th in games played (615).

14. Andrew Toney

The Sixers selected Toney in the first round, eighth overall, in the 1980 NBA Draft. He played in just eight seasons before injuries cut his career short. Toney, a 6-3 shooting guard, was a two-time All-Star who averaged 15.9 points and 4.2 assists over 468 regular-season games. In the 1983 playoffs, which resulted in a championship, Toney averaged 18.8 points, scoring at least 19 in all four games of the sweep vs. Los Angeles.

13. Chet Walker

Chet The Jet is a great nickname, but his consistency is what gets him this high on the list. Walker, who played one year with the Nationals before the move to Philadelphia, spent seven years with the organization and helped them reach the playoffs in every season. His best year as a 76er, Walker averaged 19.3 points per game during the 1966-67 championship year.

12. Ben Simmons

Too soon? Too low? Too high? It's tough to say, but the answer to the first question is a resounding no from this view. Simmons is one of the most gifted players to ever put a 76ers uniform on, even if he refuses to take jump shots. He's a walking triple-double. Simmons ranks in the top 10 all-time in more than a dozen categories for the Sixers, including field goal percentage (3rd) assists per game (1st) steals per game (7th) PER (9th) and box plus-minus (3rd). This is just his third season with the Sixers, and Simmons has the potential to climb toward the very top (bottom?) of this list.

11. Bobby Jones

Jones played his first four professional seasons in Denver before joining the Sixers in 1978. He'd spend his final eight years with the organization, and ranks 10th all-time with 617 games played. Jones, a 6-9 small forward, spent a portion of his time in Philadelphia as a bench player and earned the inaugural Sixth Man of the Year award in 1983. His worth was on the defensive end, which earned him six consecutive first-team All-NBA Defensive Team honors. Jones stuffed the stat sheet, averaging 10.7 points 4.8 rebounds, 2.2 assits, 1.2 steals and 1.1 blocks during his 76ers career.

10. Maurice Cheeks

Among the best point guards in NBA history, Cheeks ranks 13th all-time in league history in assists and first in Sixers history. He also ranks fifth all-time in steals in NBA history and first in Sixers history. The former Sixers coach and current NBA assistant helped guide the Sixers to the 1983 title. He was a four-time All-Star and four-time selection to the All-Defensive first-team. His No. 10 is retired by the 76ers, for whom he played 853 games (3rd in franchise history).

Maurice Cheeks during a 1983 game vs. Los Angeles. Copyright 1983 NBAE (Photo by Jim Cummins/NBAE via Getty Images) (Photo: NBAE/Getty Images)

9. Billy Cunningham

On a ranking of 76ers coaches, he'd be near the top, too. Cunningham won a championship as a player in 1967 and coached the Sixers to a title in 1983. In nine seasons and 654 games with the Sixers as a player over two stints, Cunningham, a 6-6 forward, averaged 20.8 points, 10.1 rebounds and 4 assists per game

8. Joel Embiid

Like Simmons, it's certainly not too early to have Embiid this high. Embiid is third all-time in franchise history in player-efficiency rating, behind only Wilt Chamberlain and Charles Barkley. The player who defines The Process so much that he made it his own nickname, Embiid is already one of the most talented players to play for the Sixers. He's already a three-time All-Star, two-time All-NBA Second Team and two-time second team All-NBA Defensive Team selection in just three-plus seasons with the Sixers.

7. Moses Malone

If Malone played in more than four seasons with the Sixers, his body of work would likely have him atop the whole list. The Finals MVP of 1983 averaged 21 points and 12 rebounds per game in five seasons with Philadelphia. Malone was a 12-time NBA All-Star and four-time All-NBA first team selection. He was MVP three times, including two in a row with the Sixers in 1982 and ྏ.

6. Charles Barkley

The Sixers drafted Sir Charles two picks after Michael Jordan, fifth overall in the 1984 NBA Draft. One of the best rebounders in NBA history, Barkley spent his first eight seasons with the 76ers, averaging 22.1 points and 11.7 rebounds per game over 610 games. Barkley was named to 11 consecutive All-Star games, the first six coming while on the Sixers. His No. 34 is retired by both the Sixers and Suns.

5. Dolph Schayes

Schayes played the first 14 of his 15-year professional career in Syracuse before moving to Philadelphia for his final season in 1963. A 12-time All-Star and 1955 NBA champion, Schayes ranks first all-time in Sixers history in rebounds (11,256), free throws (6,712) and win shares, where his 142.4 are far ahead of Julius Erving's 106.2. Hayes, whose No. 4 is retired by the Sixers, was inducted to the Hall of Fame in 1973.

4. Hal Greer

Greer has a record that's unlikely to be broken. His 1,122 games played in a 76ers uniform are far more than Schayes' 966. Greer, a point guard for the Nationals and Sixers, also played in 92 postseason games. Greer wasn't just Chamberlain's sidekick, either. He could score, as evidenced by his 20.4 career points per game average. A champion in 1967, Greer was a 10-time All-Star and was inducted to the Hall of Fame in 1982. His No. 15 is retired by the Sixers.

3. Wilt Chamberlain

Unfortunately, games played with the Philadelphia Warriors don't count. Chamberlain, a Philly native and Overbrook High grad, played just four seasons with the 76ers, from 1964 to 1968. His numbers, though, were simply bonkers. In a Sixers uniform, Chamberlain averaged 27.6 points, 23.9 rebounds and 6.8 assists per game. Chamberlain won the MVP award three straight years as a 76er. He was an 11-time rebounding leader, seven-time scoring leader and got bored in 1968 after winning a title here that he decided to lead the league in assists, too.

2. Allen Iverson

A championship is all that held Iverson back from being the best player in franchise history. There's no one you'd want on your team more in the fourth quarter of a big game. Iverson, first overall pick in 1996, ranks sixth in games played, second in minutes, third in made baskets, first in 3-pointers, second in free throw attempts, second in steals (and first in turnovers) and second in total points. The 2001 NBA MVP played in 11 seasons with the Sixers on the front end of his career and then finished his career with the club during a 25-game stint in 2009-10. In 12 total seasons in Philly, Iverson averaged 27.6 points and 6.1 assists per game.

PHILADELPHIA - MAY 16: Allen Iverson #3 of the Philadelphia 76ers receives the league MVP trophy from NBA Commissioner David Stern prior to the game against the Toronto Raptors during the Eastern Conference Finals at the First Union Center on May 17, 2001. Copyright 2001 NBAE (Photo by Jesse D. Garrabrant/NBAE via Getty Images) (Photo: NBAE via Getty Images)

1. Julius Erving

Dr. J did what Iverson couldn't: He won an NBA championship in 1983. That, combined with his sustained excellence over 11 seasons with the organization is more than enough to give him the top spot. Erving made the All-Star team in all 11 seasons with the 76ers. He won the MVP award in 1981 and was first team All-NBA five times. Erving's No. 6 is retired by the Sixers. He averaged 22 points, 6.7 rebounds, 3.9 assists, 1.8 steals and 1.5 blocks per game during his time in Philadelphia, where he ranks fourth all-time in games played.


What did your Halstead ancestors do for a living?

In 1939, Cotton Weaver and Unpaid Domestic Duties were the top reported jobs for men and women in the UK named Halstead. 21% of Halstead men worked as a Cotton Weaver and 62% of Halstead women worked as an Unpaid Domestic Duties. Some less common occupations for Americans named Halstead were Motor Driver and Private Means .

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.


Sevenoaks

Halstead is a village in the commuter belt north of Sevenoaks, high on the North Downs surrounded by orchards and trees and farmland yet less than 20 miles from London.

I spent a cold winter’s afternoon walking round the village and noticed that all the old houses were made of flint and the newer well-to-do villas, built for the railway age, are made of Kentish brick with small trim gardens.

The railway age:

Knockholt railway station is actually in Halstead. When it was opened in the 1860s it was called Halstead but everyone confused it with Halstead in Essex so they renamed the station Knockholt, which is actually some five miles away.

While on the subject of railways, Halstead’s most famous resident wrote a book, a best seller, about them – The Railway Children. The author was Edith Nesbit who lived at Halstead Hall for three years during the 1870s when she was a child. She liked to sit on the banks of the line and watch the miners dig the long, long tunnel under the North Downs. She sat there on her own, sometimes with friends and when she grew older never forgot the frenzied activity of railway mania.

The hall:

The great mansion Halstead Hall was once owned by a chap called Harry Stoe Man who became rather angry with villagers drawing water from his pond. This was in the early 19th century. The pond, lined with clay puddling, was the main supply of water and never ever dry but old Harry annexed the pond, built a fence around it and caused great distress in Halstead.

The people hated him and that hatred increased when he opposed an application by the parish vestry for the poorest people to be excluded from paying rates. What an unpleasant man. They took him to court, prosecuted him for causing a nuisance, obstructing the pond and eventually won the day. When Halstead parish council was formed in 1897 the pond again was the main supply of water.

The village:

Halstead was a poor village and a rough one. There were many fruit farms so the gipsies descended on the village in great numbers and crowded the bars at the two village pubs The Rose and Crown and The Cock.

Apparently it was not uncommon to see drunken fruit pickers lying in the hedgerows completely plastered.

The name:

Halstead is derived from the Old English Hald, which means refuge, shelter and Stede, which is site of place. So Halstead means safe place, or place of refuge.

The church:

St Margaret's was built in 1881 to serve the first wave of development and escape from London. It’s a long low flint building with a single bell turret and was consecrated by the Archbishop of Canterbury. But this was not the original church. The original one was built in the grounds of the Manor House known as Halstead Place just across the road.

Very little remains of the manor house and the old church was pulled down. But a stained glass window made by Casolini, a red marble grave stone dated 1621, a solitary bell which is rung at every service and many plaques were rescued from the old church.

The fort:

In 1892 a protective ring of fortresses was built around London to keep out any would-be invaders. The idea was that they should be manned by volunteers in the event of a crisis and one of them was built at Halstead, high on the downs.

It was never really used until the take-over many years ago by the Government who placed its Ministry of Supply there and then it became the headquarters of the Royal Armament and Research Development.

They have employed thousands of people over the years, who have had to sign the official secrets act, but it’s no secret now that Britain’s first atom bomb was developed at Fort Halstead under the directorship of Williams Penny. The bomb was conveyed in a frigate to Australia and successfully exploded in the Montebello Islands.

In 1955 when we were all concerned about a nuclear attack, the local council came to the conclusion that Fort Halstead could be a Soviet target, so many strenuous efforts were made to protect citizens before it was too late. They spoke about bunkers and slit trenches and places safe from radioactive fall-out but by the time the debates were finished the scare was over.

Fort Halstead has been vital to the defence of our country. So I recommend you raise a glass, if you have one, to this famous village, its connection to Edith Nesbit, Halstead Hall, Halstead Place and, especially the delightful church of St Margaret's.


Ladies Side Saddles

Two ladies' side saddles tell the story of two women. Elizabeth Whittaker Taylor, wife of Fieldon Taylor who traveled three weeks from Lee County, Iowa to Harvey County by covered wagon and arrived in Harvey County, Oct. 2, 1871. She is buried in Star Cemetery, near Patterson.

The other saddle belonged to Mary Jane Mutton born in 1841, wife of Thomas Alexander Doran, mother of Lizzie Doran Hunt. These are ancestors of the Titus family from Barber County, Kansas.


[Officer Straten and Chief Halstead]

A photograph of Officer Sara Staten and Chief Jeff Halstead sitting in office chairs for a "Behind the Scenes" discussion of the Rainbow Lounge raid. They are both dressed in uniform.

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1 photograph : col. 1902 x 1268 px.

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Tonton videonya: Jay Halstead. Chicago PD